Welfare Regimes and the Experience of Unemployment in Europe

Couverture
Duncan Gallie, Serge Paugam
Oxford University Press, 25 mai 2000 - 432 pages
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The is the first major study to examine the implications of different welfare regimes for the experience of unemployment in Europe. It addresses three central questions. How far do such regimes protect unemployed people from poverty and financial hardship? Do they reduce or accentuate the tendencies for progressive marginalization from employment that may arise from motivational change, skill loss or the growth of discriminatory barriers? Finally, to what extent do they affect the social integration of unemployed people, in particular with respect to their social networks and psychological well-being? The book is based on a major cross-cultural research programme funded by the European Union. In addition to systematic comparison of national data, it uses a new important data source - the European Community Household Panel - which provides directly comparable information for most of the EU countries. The study shows that institutional and cultural differences have vital implications for the experience of unemployment. While welfare policies affect in an important way the pervasiveness of poverty, it is above all the patterns of family structure and the culture of sociability in a society that affect vulnerability to social isolation. The book concludes by developing a new perspective for understanding the risk of social exclusion.
  

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Table des matières

LIST OF FIGURES
ix
LIST OF TABLES
xi
NOTES ON THE CONTRIBUTORS
xviii
The Experience of Unemployment in Europe The Debate Duncan Gallie and Serge Paugam
1
Unemployment and Poverty
23
Unemployment and Poverty Change over Time Richard Hauser and Brian Nolan with Konstanze Morsdorf and Wolfgang StrengmannKuhn1
25
Poverty and Financial Hardship among the Unemployed Duncan Gallie Sheila Jacobs and Serge Paugam
47
Unemployment Welfare Regime and Income Packaging Ivano Bison and Gosta EspingAndersen
69
Unemployment and Social Integration
241
The Effects of Employment Precarity and Unemployment on Social Isolation Serge Paugam and Helen Russell
243
United in Employment United in Unemployment? Employment and Unemployment of Couples in the European Union in 1994 Paul M de Graaf and...
265
Unemployment and Satisfaction A European Analysis Christopher T Whelan and Frances McGinnity
286
Gender and the Experience of Unemployment Helen Russell and Paolo Barbieri
307
Public Attitudes to Unemployment in Different European Welfare Regimes Torben Fridberg and Niels Ploug
334
Conclusion
349
The Social Regulation of Unemployment Duncan Gallie and Serge Paugam
351

The Changing Effects of Social Protection on Poverty Brian Nolan Richard Hauser JeanPaul Zoyem
87
Unemployment and Labour Market Marginalization
107
Unemployment Gender and Attitudes to Work Duncan Gallie and Susanne Aim
109
The Permanent Effects of Labour Market Entry in Times of High Unemployment Philippe De Vreyer Richard Layte Maarten Wolbers and Mohamm...
134
Unemployment and Cumulative Disadvantage in the Labour Market Richard Layte Henrik Levin John Hendrickx and Ivano Bison
153
Lone Mothers Poverty and Employment Lisbeth Pedersen Hanne Weise Sheila Jacobs and Michael White
175
Social Capital and Exits from Unemployment Paolo Barbieri with Serge Paugam and Helen Russell
200
Who Exits Unemployment? Institutional Features Individual Characteristics and Chances of Getting a Job A Comparison of Britain and Italy Fabrizio ...
218
The European Community Household Panel
375
Sampling and Coverage
376
APPENDIX B Replacement Rates in Europe
381
382 Serge Paugam and Duncan Gallie
382
REFERENCES
387
AUTHOR INDEX
405
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