Football and Fascism: The National Game Under Mussolini
Berg Publishers, 10 déc. 2004 - 282 pages
This is a cultural history of Italian Fascism viewed through the lens of soccer. The 1930s were the zenith of achievement for Italian football--Italy hosted and won the 1934 World Cup and retained the trophy in 1938. At club level, Calcio was reorganized into a national league, after which the first Italian club teams emerged to dominate European competition. It was at this time that Mussolini's party institutionalized soccer as a fascist game. Italian Fascism fully exploited the opportunities football provided to shape public opinion, penetrate daily life, and reinforce conformity. By politicizing the game, Fascism also sought to enhance the regime's international prestige and inculcate nationalist values. Football and Fascism is an original look at the appropriation of sport to serve political ends during a dark period of Italian history.
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Mens sana in corpore sano
Fascist Football Foundations
Building the Future
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1934 World Cup achievements architects architecture argued Arpinati ASCB ASCF athletes Augusto Turati azzurri Balilla Bargello Bologna Bologna FC Bolognese buildings campanilismo Campionato Carlino Carta di Viareggio Casabella championship city's clubs commune competition complete Comune CONI construction contributed Coppa crowd culture demanded Despite Duce fans Fascio Fascist Italy Fascist society Federation Ferretti FIGC Finetti Fiorentina Firenze Florence Florentine football foreign Gazzetta Giovanni Berta Giuoco del Calcio Ibid identity important Italian football Italian sport Italy's Juventus L'Assalto Leandro Arpinati lire Littoriale Littoriale's Littorio masses match modern Mondo moral Mussolini national team Nazionale needs Nervi Nuova nuovo Olympic organic party physical education play players Podestà political politicization Popolo d'Italia Pozzo propaganda reflected regime regime's Resto del Carlino Ridolfi Roghi role Roman Rome social socialist spirit Sport Fascista Sportiva squad stadia stadium Storia success team's tion tournament victory Vittorio Pozzo World Cup