Crime, Shame and Reintegration
Cambridge University Press, 23 mars 1989 - 226 pages
Crime, Shame and Reintegration is a contribution to general criminological theory. Its approach is as relevant to professional burglary as to episodic delinquency or white collar crime. Braithwaite argues that some societies have higher crime rates than others because of their different processes of shaming wrongdoing. Shaming can be counterproductive, making crime problems worse. But when shaming is done within a cultural context of respect for the offender, it can be an extraordinarily powerful, efficient and just form of social control. Braithwaite identifies the social conditions for such successful shaming. If his theory is right, radically different criminal justice policies are needed - a shift away from punitive social control toward greater emphasis on moralizing social control. This book will be of interest not only to criminologists and sociologists, but to those in law, public administration and politics who are concerned with social policy and social issues.
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Whither criminological theory?
The dominant theoretical traditions labeling subcultural control opportunity and learning theories
Facts a theory of crime ought to fit
The family model of the criminal process reintegrative shaming
Why and how does shaming work?
Social conditions conducive to reintegrative shaming
Summary of the theory
American argued Australian Bayley become Braithwaite Chapter citizens classical conditioning commitment communitarian communitarian societies companies compliance conscience consensus control theory corporate crime Cressey crime control crime rates criminal behavior criminal justice system criminal law criminal subcultures criminological theory criminology degradation ceremonies delinquency deterrence deviant differential association disapproval drug effective empirical enforcement engage in crime evidence explain Fisse focal concerns formal punishment foster gossip Gottfredson groups Hindelang Hirschi illegitimate opportunities important individual informal social control interdependency Japan Japanese juvenile labeling theory learning theory less literature mobility moral education neighborhood offender organizational crime organizations outcasts parents persons predict problem punitive rational regulatory reintegrative shaming rejection relationships repentant role responsibility safety sanctioning social support status stigmatization subcultural theory suggests theory of crime theory of reintegrative tion tolerance tradition urban values variables victim Victorian Victorian era white collar crime Wilson and Herrnstein young