A Treatise on Efficacy: Between Western and Chinese Thinking

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University of Hawaii Press, 2004 - 202 pages
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In this highly insightful analysis of Western and Chinese concepts of efficacy, Francois Jullien subtly delves into the metaphysical preconceptions of the two civilizations to account for diverging patterns of action in warfare, politics, and diplomacy. He shows how Western and Chinese strategies work in several domains (the battlefield, for example) and analyzes two resulting acts of war. The Chinese strategist manipulates his own troops and the enemy to win a battle without waging war and to bring about victory effortlessly. Efficacity in China is thus conceived of in terms of transformation (as opposed to action) and manipulation, making it closer to what is understood as efficacy in the West.

Jullien s brilliant interpretations of an array of recondite texts are key to understanding our own conceptions of action, time, and reality in this foray into the world of Chinese thought. In its clear and penetrating characterization of two contrasting views of reality from a heretofore unexplored perspective, A Treatise on Efficacy will be of central importance in the intellectual debate between East and West.

 

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Table des matières

Fixing Ones Eyes on a Model
xi
Relying on the Propensity of Things
13
Goal or Consequence
30
Action or Transformation
44
The Structure of Opportunity
59
Do Nothing with Nothing Left Undone
82
Allow Effects to Come About
102
From Efficacy to Efficiency
118
The Logic of Manipulation
135
Manipulation versus Persuasion
151
Water Images
168
In Praise of Facility
182
Glossary of Chinese Expressions
197
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Page 5 - Now it is held to be the mark of a prudent man to be able to deliberate well about what is good and advantageous for himself...
Page 5 - But that is by no means all that there is to be said in this story (the long "theory-practice" story), since philosophy cannot accept such a failure.
Page 9 - ... even when they use it, show no concern to make its nature explicit or to justify its procedures.

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À propos de l'auteur (2004)

Francois Jullien is professor of Chinese studies in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, University of Paris VII.

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