Igor Rostislavovich Shafarevich was born in Zhitomir, Ukraine on June 3, 1923. He graduated from Moscow State University with a specialty in astronomy. He taught at Moscow State University for more than 30 years. He was an internationally renowned mathematician who played a central role in the anti-Soviet dissident movement during the Cold War. His textbooks on algebraic geometry were translated into English and regarded as classics in the field. He also wrote The Socialist Phenomenon and contributed essays to From Under the Rubble. He died on February 19, 2017 at the age of 93.