Birth of the Leviathan: Building States and Regimes in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Couverture
Cambridge University Press, 13 janv. 1997 - 363 pages
For many years scholars have sought to explain why the European states which emerged in the period before the French Revolution developed along such different lines. Why did some states become absolutist and others constitutionalist? What enabled some to develop bureaucratic administrative systems, while others remained dependent upon patrimonial practices?This book presents a new theory of state-building in medieval and early modern Europe. Ertman argues that two factors -- local government and sustained geo-military competition -- can explain most of the variation found across the continent.
 

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The emergence of modern states in Europe has been discussed from numerous angles by historians, so I hesitated a bit before buying this book. I suspected that it might be just another recapitulation ... Consulter l'avis complet

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Table des matières

INTRODUCTION
1
FOUR TYPES
6
COMPETING EXPLANATIONS
10
THE ARGUMENT
19
THE ORIGINS OF PATRIMONIAL ABSOLUTISM IN LATIN EUROPE
35
THE LATE ROMAN EMPIRE AND EARLY STATE FORMATION IN VISIGOTH SPAIN LOMBARD ITALY AND MEROVINGIAN AND CARO...
37
ECONOMIC AND ECCLESIASTICAL RENEWAL AND THE REBIRTH OF ROYAL POWER IN LATIN EUROPE
48
EARLY GEOPOLITICAL COMPETITION REPRESENTATIVE ASSEMBLIES AND THE CREATION OF SYSTEMS OF NATIONAL TAXATION
59
THE RESTORATION AND THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION IN GOVERNMENT 16601688
187
THE CONSOLIDATION OF THE NEW BRITISH STATE AFTER 1689
208
CONCLUSION
221
BUREAUCRATIC ABSOLUTISM IN GERMANY
224
FAILED DARK AGE STATEBUILDING EMPIRE AND THE EMERGENCE OF TERRITORIAL STATES IN GERMANY 511c 1450
226
REPRESENTATIVE INSTITUTIONS GEOPOLITICAL COMPETITION AND THE CONSOLIDATION OF BUREAUCRATIC ABSOLUTISM IN T...
237
THE CASE OF BRANDENBURGPRUSSIA
245
CONCLUSION
262

THE BEGINNINGS OF PATRIMONIAL ABSOLUTISM
74
CONCLUSION
88
THE TRIUMPH OF PATRIMONIAL ABSOLUTISM AND THE FAILURE OF REFORM IN LATIN EUROPE c 15001789
90
WAR AND THE TRIUMPH OF PATRIMONIAL ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE 14941659
91
PATRIMONIAL ABSOLUTISM IN IBERIA AND ITALY 14921789
110
THE REFORM OF PATRIMONIAL ABSOLUTISM UNDER COLBERT AND LOUIS XIV 16601714
125
GEOPOLITICAL PRESSURES THE FAILURE OF REFORM AND THE END OF PATRIMONIAL ABSOLUTISM 17151791
139
CONCLUSION
154
BUREAUCRATIC CONSTITUTIONALISM IN BRITAIN
156
UNENCUMBERED STATE FORMATION EARLY GEOPOLITICAL PRESSURE AND A PRECOCIOUS ATTEMPT AT SHARED RULE c 4001453
158
DEEPENING PATRIMONIALISM AND ITS TEMPORARY DEMISE 14531659
178
THE TRIUMPH OF PATRIMONIAL CONSTITUTIONALISM IN HUNGARY AND POLAND AND ITS PREMATURE DEMISE IN SCANDINAVIA
264
UNENCUMBERED STATE FORMATION AND THE CONSOLIDATION OF LOCAL ELITE SELFGOVERNMENT IN HUNGARY AND POLAN...
267
THE ADVENT OF SUSTAINED GEOPOLITICAL COMPETITION AND THE TRIUMPH OF PATRIMONIAL CONSTITUTIONALISM IN HUNG...
285
INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL THREATS TO PATRIMONIAL CONSTITUTIONALISM IN HUNGARY AND POLAND 16481795
300
ABORTIVE PATRIMONIAL CONSTITUTIONALISM IN SCANDINAVIA
305
CONCLUSION
314
CONCLUSION
317
BIBLIOGRAPHY
325
INDEX
351
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