Cladistics: The Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis
Oxford University Press, 1998 - 228 pages
Cladistics aims to reconstruct genealogies based on common ancestry, thus revealing the phylogenetic relationships between taxa. Its applications vary from linguistic analysis to the study of conservation and biodiversity, and it has become a method of choice for comparative studies in all fields of biology. This new edition of Cladistics--first published in 1992--reflects the many changes and developments which have taken place in the field over the last five years, while retaining the clarity and readability that made the first edition so successful. For all students interested in the systematic relationships among organisms, this book provides a state-of-the-art account of the techniques and methods of modern cladistics, and of how to put them into practice.
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Characters and character coding il
Cladogram construction character polarity
Optimization and the effects of missing values
Measures of character fit and character weighting
Support and confidence statistics for cladograms
Simultaneous and partitioned analysis
Threeitem statements analysis
Suggestions for further reading
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
A(BCD A(CD algorithm ancestor apomorphic Archaeopteryx assigned autapomorphies B(CD Bilateria binary characters bootstrap branch branch-swapping Bremer support Chapter character polarity clade cladistic analysis clado cladogram construction cladogram Fig cladogram in Fig cladogram length congruence consensus method considered consistency index data matrix data set distribution equally most parsimonious evolution evolutionary example Farris fractional weighting fundamental cladograms gene Goloboff grams Hennig86 homoplasy hypotheses ingroup ingroup taxa internal node jackknifing lizard minimum number molecular monophyletic monophyletic group monophyly multistate character Nelson number of characters number of steps observed ontogenetic ontogenetic criterion ontogeny outgroup comparison outgroup node outgroup taxa paedomorphosis paraphyletic parsimonious cladograms partitioned analysis PAUP permuted phylogeny Platnick plesiomorphic polytomy possible priori problem procedure pseudoreplicate question marks relationships resolved result retention index root salmon sequence shark simultaneous analysis sister-group strict consensus tree Swofford symplesiomorphies synapomorphy Systematic Zoology Table taxon tetrapods three-item statements analysis tion topology transformation series