Gender and Jobs: Sex Segregation of Occupations in the World

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International Labour Organization, 1998 - 444 pages
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This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the levels and recent changes in the sex segregation of occupations. It is based on a unique new ILO data set which contains detailed occupational data from 41 countries or territories from all regions of the world. As shown by new evidence presented here, well over half of all non-agricultural workers in the sample countries and areas work in an occupation where one sex dominates to such an extent that at least 80 per cent of workers are either men or women. This negatively affects economic efficiency and labour market flexibility as well as perpetuating and reinforcing gender stereotypes in society. A number of findings will surprise readers, such as the higher level of occupational segregation in Scandinavia as compared to other industrialized countries, the lower level of occupational segregation in Asia as compared to Europe, the recent decreases in segregation in only some parts of the world, and the truly restricted and sex-stereotyped choice of occupations open to the world's women.
 

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Table des matières

Theories and explanations for occupational segregation by sex
14
Review of crossnational studies of occupational segregation by sex
38
Description of study data and occupational segregation statistics
51
Measuring occupational segregation
68
Sensitivity of segregation statistics to degree of disaggregation
95
1 International standard classification of occupations
130
Description of study regions
138
Occupational segregation around the worldThe present situation
153
Occupations typically held by men and women
250
Patterns in occupational segregation by sex based on combinations
297
1 Extent to which genderdominated occupations
307
Occupational segregation by sex around the worldchanges in
315
Recent changes in the extent to which male and female nonagricultural
355
Recent changes in the feminization of 17 important male and female
373
Summary and conclusion
403
Bibliography
419

onehalf of the labour force is female and that supposedly
195
1 Estimation of adjusted ID i e ID75
202
1 Estimation of adjusting national values to 75
235

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À propos de l'auteur (1998)

Richard Anker is with the Employment and Labour Market Policies Branch of the ILO.

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