Le Corbusier's Venice Hospital and the Mat Building Revival
This volume explores an unbuilt yet iconic project by Le Corbusier and its visual representation. The Venice Hospital is the uncontested epitome of the 'mat', or carpet, building type - a low sprawling structure developed in the late fifties and sixties that is making a strong comeback in contemporary architecture. Planned in 1965 for the arsenal area at the edge of the city, the hospital was designed to extend the city's roads and canal networks, while simultanously turning in on itself to create flexible, quasi- urban interior environments in the form of endlessly repeating courtyards. Upon Le Corbusier's death in 1965, Guillermo Jullian de la Fuente was commissioned to complete the building. However, due to changes in city government, the project was eventually abandoned. This book reinvestigates this canonic example of Le Corbusier's late work and includes an account of de la Fuente's involvement in the project, previously unpublished drawings from his archive, and a reprint of Alison Smithson's seminal essay on 'mat' buildings.
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Alan Colquhoun Aldo van Eyck Alison Smithson archi Archigram architects architecture and urbanism articulated Atelier Jullian Berlin Free University Blom's building type Campiello Candilis cell circulation ClAM complex concept concrete configuration contemporary context Corbusier's courtyards create elements elevator connects embodied energy emergency Enric Miralles entrance environment environmental exterior Eyck's Figure flexibility Fondation Le Corbusier formal Fuente functions Georges Candilis Guillermo Jullian gurney elevator horizontal housing ideas Josic Kazuyo Sejima Kisho Kurokawa landscape mat building ment meters MlT Press modern natural light nurses organization Pablo Allard patients patios patterns pedestrian Piet Blom pilotis programmatic ramp Rapport Technique rooms Royaumont Saint Ursula scale School Shadrach Woods social spaces spatial specific Stan Allen storage strategy Strauven structure Team 10 Meetings tecture third floor tion units Venice Hospital Venice Hospital project