Morals by Agreement

Couverture
Oxford University Press, UK, 13 févr. 1986 - 376 pages
In this book the author argues that moral principles are principles of rational choice. According to the usual view of choice, a rational person selects what is likely to give the greatest expectation of value or utility. But in many situations, if each person chooses in this way, everyone will be worse off than need be. Instead, Professor Gauthier proposes a principle whereby choice is made on an agreed basis of co-operation, rather than according to what would give the individual the greatest expectation of value. He shows that such a principle not only ensures mutual benefit and fairness, thus satisfying the standards of morality, but also that each person may actually expect greater utility by adhering to morality, even though the choice did not have that end primarily in view. In resolving what may appear to be a paradox, the author establishes morals on the firm foundation of reason.
 

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Morals by agreement

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This carefully argued, lucid work defends a traditional conception of morality as a rational constraint on pursuing individual interest. Gauthier contends that rational cooperation is central to ... Consulter l'avis complet

Table des matières

I Overview of a Theory
1
Reason and Value
21
Reason and Equilibrium
60
Freedom from Morality
83
Bargaining and Justice
113
Maximization Constrained
157
Rights and the Proviso
190
VIII The Archimedean Point
233
IX Persons Peoples Generations
268
X The Ring of Gyges
306
XI The Liberal Individual
330
Index
357
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