Politics in the Middle East

Couverture
Oxford University Press, 1992 - 366 pages
Events in the Middle East have prompted many questions concerning the conflict between Islam and the European states which have, historically, been seen as a military and political challenge. Why has ideological politics triumphed in the Middle East? Why have attempts to form constitutional governments repeatedly failed in Islamic states? This new and authoritative account provides the historical analysis necessary for a clearer understanding of these questions. In the nineteenth century Middle Eastern leaders believed that they could surmount the challenge posed by the European Great Powers' by borrowing European weapons and technology, along with military and administrative organization, and, later, by adopting representative forms of government. These strategies proved a disappointment. The aftermath has been the establishment of military regimes, and an ideological style of politics, whether the ideology is nationalism or fundamentalism. This book describes and discusses the apparent success of ideological politics, and analyses its character.

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Table des matières

Threat and Predicament
36
I
49
The Failure of Constitutionalism?
93
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About the Author:
Elie Kedourie is Professor of Politics Emeritus at the University of London and founder of the quarterly Middle Eastern Studies. He has written numerous books on the Middle East and Islam, including Islam in the Modern World and Towards a Modern Iran.

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