Security Beyond the State: Private Security in International Politics
Across the globe, from mega-cities to isolated resource enclaves, the provision and governance of security takes place within assemblages that are de-territorialized in terms of actors, technologies, norms and discourses. They are embedded in a complex transnational architecture, defying conventional distinctions between public and private, global and local. Drawing on theories of globalization and late modernity, along with insights from criminology, political science and sociology, Security Beyond the State maps the emergence of the global private security sector and develops a novel analytical framework for understanding these global security assemblages. Through in-depth examinations of four African countries – Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and South Africa – it demonstrates how global security assemblages affect the distribution of social power, the dynamics of state stability, and the operations of the international political economy, with significant implications for who gets secured and how in a global era.
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activities analysis apartheid argued authority Cambridge capacities Cape Town CCID cent City community policing company’s contemporary corporate countries country’s crime economic emergence enclaves forms of capital global governance global private security global PSCs global security assemblages guards Human Rights impact increased increasingly insecurity institutions International Crisis Group International Relations involvement Kenya Koidu Koidu Holdings legitimate London mercenary modern Nairobi neo-liberal networks Niger Delta Nigeria norms oil companies Omeje operations partnerships personnel PMCs Pretoria private actors private military Private Military Companies private security actors private security firms private security industry PSCs public and private public police public security public–private regulation relationship resource extraction risk role sector Securicor Securitas security companies security field security force security governance security privatization security provision security services Sierra Leone Sierra Rutile social South Africa state’s strategies structures symbolic capital tion transformations transnational University Press urban violence