The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution

Couverture
Princeton University Press, 1994 - 338 pages
0 Avis
When The Birth of Fascist Ideology was first published in 1989 in France and at the beginning of 1993 in Italy, it aroused a storm of response, positive and negative, to Zeev Sternhell's controversial interpretations. In Sternhell's view, fascism was much more than an episode in the history of Italy. He argues here that it possessed a coherent ideology with deep roots in European civilization. Long before fascism became a political force, he maintains, it was a major cultural phenomenon. This important book further asserts that although fascist ideology was grounded in a revolt against the Enlightenment, it was not a reactionary movement. It represented, instead, an ideological alternative to Marxism and liberalism and competed effectively with them by positing a revolt against modernity. Sternhell argues that the conceptual framework of fascism played an important role in its development. Building on radical nationalism and an "antimaterialist" revision of Marxism, fascism sought to destroy the existing political order and to uproot its theoretical and moral foundations. At the same time, its proponents wished to preserve all the achievements of modern technology and the advantages of the market economy. Nevertheless, fascism opposed every "bourgeois" value: universalism, humanism, progress, natural rights, and equality. Thus, as Sternhell shows, the fascists adopted the economic aspect of liberalism but completely denied its philosophical principles and the intellectual and moral heritage of modernity.
 

Avis des internautes - Rédiger un commentaire

Aucun commentaire n'a été trouvé aux emplacements habituels.

Table des matières

Fascism as an Alternative Political Culture
3
Georges Sorel and the Antimaterialist Revision of Marxism
36
The Social Myths
55
AntiCartesianism and Pessimism
71
The Junction of Sorelianism and Nationalism
78
Revolutionary Revisionism in France
92
The Emergence of Socialist Nationalism
118
Revolutionary Syndicalism in Italy
131
National Syndicalism the Production Solution and the Program of Partial Expropriation
177
From the Carta Del Carnaro to Fascist Syndicalism
186
The Mussolini Crossroads From the Critique of Marxism to National Socialism and Fascism
195
The Intellectual Realignment of a Socialist Militant
206
National Socialism
215
From National Socialism to Fascism
227
From a Cultural Rebellion to a Political Revolution
233
Notes
259

The Primacy of Economic and the Revision of Marxist Economic Doctrine
143
Sorel the Mobilizing Myth of the Revolutionary General Strike and the Lessons of Reality
152
The SocialistNational Synthesis
160
The Imperialism of the Workers The Syndicate and the Nation
163
Bibliography
315
Index
327
Droits d'auteur

Autres éditions - Tout afficher

Expressions et termes fréquents

Références à ce livre

Tous les résultats Google Recherche de Livres »

À propos de l'auteur (1994)

Professeur a l'Universite hebraique de Jerusalem, Zeev Sternhell est le plus connu en Occident des historiens israeliens. De "Ni droite ni gauche" a "La Droite revolutionnaire", il a passe sa vie a elucider les causes de l'antisemitisme en France (ses ouvrages ont ete regroupes chez Fayard en 2000 en une grande trilogie). Il est aussi l'auteur de "Aux origines d'Israel" (Fayard, 1992).photo: (c) Louis Monier

Informations bibliographiques