The Human Face of Global Mobility: International Highly Skilled Migartion In Europe, North America And The Asia-Pacific

Couverture
Michael Peter Smith, Adrian Favell
Transaction Publishers - 314 pages

Alongside flows of trade and capital, the free movement of professionals, technical personnel, and students is seen as a key aspect of globalization. Yet not much detailed empirical research has been completed about the trajectories and experiences of these highly skilled or highly educated international migrants. What little is known about these forms of "global mobility," and the politics that surround them, contrasts with the abundant theories and accounts of other types of international migration--such as low income economic migration from less developed to core countries in the international political economy. Drawing on the work of a long-standing discussion group at the Center for Comparative and Global Research of UCLA's International Institute, this collection bridges conventional methodological divides, bringing together political scientists, sociologists, demographers, and ethnographers. It explores the reality behind assumptions about these new global migration trends. It challenges widely held views about the elite characteristics of these migrants, the costs and consequences of the brain drain said to follow from the migration of skilled workers, the determinants of national policies on high skilled migrants, and the presumed "effortlessness" of professional mobility in an integrating world. The volume also sheds new light on international student migration, the politics of temporary, non-immigrant workers in the United States, new international forms of regulating movement, and the realities of the everyday lives of multinational employees in the world's transnational cities. Key differences between the regional contexts of this migration in Europe, North America, and the Asia-Pacific are also emphasized. Michael Peter Smith is professor of community studies at the University of California, Davis. He has published extensively on urban theory, globalization, and transnationalism including Transnationalism from Below and City and Nation (both available through Transaction) and Transnational Urbanism. Adrian Favell is associate professor of sociology at UCLA. He is the author of Philosophies of Integration, and has published widely on migration in Europe, citizenship, the integration of immigrants, and on social theory.

 

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Table des matières

The Human Face of Global Mobility A Research Agenda
1
The Competition State and Multilateral Liberalization of Highly Skilled Migration
29
From Migrants to Movers Citizenship and Mobility in the European Union
53
The Best and the Brightest Immigrant Professionals in the US
81
Disaggregating Immigration Policy The Politics of Skilled Labor Recruitment in the US
103
Interests and Institutions in Skilled Migration Comparing Flows in the IT and Nursing Sectors in the US
131
Symbolic Analysts or Indentured Servants? Indian HighTech Migrants in Americas Information Economy
159
Students without Borders? Migratory DecisionMaking among International Graduate Students in the US
181
Wired for Work Highly Skilled Employment and Global Mobility in Mobile Telecommunications Multinationals
211
London as Eurocity French Free Movers in the Economic Capital of Europe
247
Bibliography
275
Index
303
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