Tibetan Renaissance: Tantric Buddhism in the Rebirth of Tibetan Culture

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Columbia University Press, 2005 - 596 pages
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How did a society on the edge of collapse and dominated by wandering bands of armed men give way to a vibrant Buddhist culture, led by yogins and scholars? Ronald M. Davidson explores how the translation and spread of esoteric Buddhist texts dramatically shaped Tibetan society and led to its rise as the center of Buddhist culture throughout Asia, replacing India as the perceived source of religious ideology and tradition. During the Tibetan Renaissance (950-1200 C.E.), monks and yogins translated an enormous number of Indian Buddhist texts. They employed the evolving literature and practices of esoteric Buddhism as the basis to reconstruct Tibetan religious, cultural, and political institutions. Many translators achieved the de facto status of feudal lords and while not always loyal to their Buddhist vows, these figures helped solidify political power in the hands of religious authorities and began a process that led to the Dalai Lama's theocracy. Davidson's vivid portraits of the monks, priests, popular preachers, yogins, and aristocratic clans who changed Tibetan society and culture further enhance his perspectives on the tensions and transformations that characterized medieval Tibet.

 

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Table des matières

Early Medieval India and the Esoteric Rhapsody
22
SOCIOPOLITICAL INDIA IN THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD
24
THE BUDDHIST EXPERIENCE AND INSTITUTIONAL ESOTERIC BUDDHISM
28
SIDDHAS AND THE MARGINS OF SOCIETY
32
TANTRIC LITERATURE AND RITUAL
34
THE GREAT PANDITA GOES NATIVE
44
MR UGLY COMES TO TOWN
49
HAGIOGRAPHY LINEAGE AND TRANSMISSION
54
GIVE ME THAT OLDTIME RELIGION
232
RIGPA
235
THE ABSENT IMPERIUM AS AN ETERNAL TREASURE
242
The Late Eleventh Century From Esoteric Lineages to Clan Temples
244
PADAMPA AND HIS ZHICHE
245
POPULAR EXPRESSIONS AND A ZEAL TO SPREAD THE MESSAGE
249
THE LATEELEVENTHCENTURY INTELLECTUAL EFFLORESCENCE
257
DROKMIs LEGACY AND THE NEXT GENERATION
263

EMERGING INDIAN RITUALS
59
The Demise of Dynasty and a Poorly Lit Path
61
GOOD INTENTIONS AT THE END OF THE EMPIRE
62
FLIGHT IN THE DARK LIGHT IN THE TOMBS
66
RELIGION ON AN UNEVEN PATH
72
CLANS IN THE TENTH AND ELEVENTH CENTURIES
80
A CHANGE OF FORTUNE IN TIBET
83
Renaissance and Reformation The Eastern Vinaya Monks
84
IN PURSUIT OF VIRTUE IN THE NORTHEAST
86
TO CENTRAL TIBET ON A MISSION FROM BUDDHA
92
CONFLICT ON THE ROOF OF THE WORLD
105
WEST TIBET AND THE KADAMPA CONNECTION
108
HISTORY AS THE VICTORY OF GREAT IDEAS AND GOOD ORGANIZATION
112
A TRADITION UNDER THE IMPERIAL SHADOW
115
Translators as the New Aristocracy
117
MANTRINS AND MOTIVATION FOR NEW TRANSLATIONS
119
TRANSHIMALAYAN CORONATION
122
THE CURIOUS CAREER OF RALO DORJEDRAK
129
TANTRIC ACTION IN PRACTICE
136
THE MYSTERIOUS MASTER MARPA
141
GRAY TEXTS NEW TRANSLATION APOCRYPHA AND ZHAMA CHOKYI GYELPO
148
THE INVENTION OF NEOCONSERVATIVE ORTHODOXY
151
THE CULT AND CULTURE OF KNOWLEDGE
155
THE TRANSLATOR AS PROMETHEUS
157
Drokmi The Doyen of Central Tibetan Translators
161
THE NOMADIC TRANSLATOR
163
DROKMI IN INDIA
169
AN EVENTUAL RETURN TO TIBET
174
GAYADHARA AND THE OTHER PANDITAS
178
DROKMIs WORK AND THE ORIGIN OF THE ROOT TEXT OF THE MARGAPHALA
183
THE CONTENTS OF THE ROOT TEXT OF THE MARGAPHALA
189
THE EIGHT SUBSIDIARY CYCLES OF PRACTICE
194
DROKMIs OTHER TRANSLATIONS
204
FALLIBLE CHARACTERS WITH LITERARY GENIUS
208
Treasure Texts the Imperial Legacy and the Great Perfection
210
BURIED TREASURES AMID THE RUBBLE OF EMPIRE
211
THE HIDDEN IMPERIAL PERSON
217
TERMA IN THE ELEVENTH AND TWELFTH CENTURIES
224
THE KHON CLAN MYTHOLOGY AND SAKYA BEGINNINGS AS A CLAN TEMPLE
267
NEW BEGINNINGS IN THE WAKE OF THE TRANSLATORS
274
The Early Twelfth Century A Confident Tibetan Buddhism
276
THE KADAMPA INTELLECTUAL COMMUNITY
278
THE KALACAKRA COMES OF AGE
281
GAMPOPA AND THE KAGYUPA EFFLORESCENCE
282
CHO AND THE ZHAMA LAMDRE
290
SAKYA CRISIS AND CONTINUITY
293
BARILOTSAWA AND THE RITUAL IMPERATIVE
297
SACHEN AND THE ELEVEN COMMENTARIES
303
SACHENS OTHER LITERARY LEGACY
311
THE VIRUPA VISIONS AND THE KHON SHORT TRANSMISSION
315
TIBETANS REFORMULATE THEIR RELIGION
321
The Late Twelfth to Early Thirteenth Century Ethical Crises International Prestige and Institutional Maturation
323
CONFLICT AND CRAZIES IN THE LATE TWELFTH CENTURY
327
KAGYUPA MISSIONARY ACTIVITY AND THE TANGUTS
332
SACHENS DISCIPLES SONS AND THE CONTINUITY OF TRADITION
335
SONAM TSEMO
338
DRAKPA GYELTSEN AND THE SAKYA INSTITUTION
343
DREAMS REVELATION AND DEATH
350
THE BROTHERS AS COMPLEMENTARY LITTERATEURS AND THE DOMESTICATION OF THE LAMDRE
352
ESOTERIC CLARIFICATION AND THE INTEGRATION OF THE EXEGETICAL SYSTEM
360
THE BUDDHIST CONTEXT AND EARLY SAKYA PEDAGOGICAL WORKS
367
A SECURE SOURCE OF BUDDHIST SPIRITUALITY
369
Conclusion and Epilogue The Victory of the Clan Structure Late Tantric Buddhism and the Neoconservative Vision
371
Notes
377
Glossary
449
Tibetan Orthographic Equivalents
453
EASTERN VINAYA TEMPLES CAVE TEMPLES AND RESIDENCES IN THE MIDELEVENTH CENTURY
473
THE ROOT TEXT OF THE MARGAPHALA TRANSLATION AND EDITION OF THE LAM BRAS BU DANG BCAS PAT GDAMS NGAG DANG...
477
CONCORDANCE OF AVAILABLE EARLY LAMBRAS COMMENTARIES TWELFTH TO FOURTEENTH CENTURY
489
Notes to Appendices
493
NOTES TO THE EDITION
511
Abbreviations
519
Bibliography
521
Index
575
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À propos de l'auteur (2005)

Ronald M. Davidson is professor of religious studies at Fairfield University. He is the author of Indian Esoteric Buddhism: A Social History of the Tantric Movement (Columbia) and the coeditor (with Steven D. Goodman) of Tibetan Buddhism: Reason and Revelation.

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