Transnational Corporations, Extractive Industries and Development

Couverture
United Nations Publications, 2007 - 294 pages
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This publication, the 17th in a series of UNCTAD annual reports, analyses the latest trends in foreign direct investment (FDI) flows worldwide at the regional and country levels and examines emerging measures to improve its contribution to development. The 2007 report focuses on the role of transnational corporations (TNCs) in the extraction of oil, gas, and metal minerals, looking at key countries and companies involved and how the forces driving investment change as raw materials progress up the value chain to become finished products, and as different types of companies participate. Findings include that global FDI inflows rose in 2006 for the third consecutive year, with growth shared by all major country groups (developed countries, developing countries and the transition-economies of South-East Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States). Rising demand for commodities was reflected in a steep increase in natural resource-related FDI, although the services sector continued to be the dominant recipient of FDI. Among the developing regions, FDI inflows to subregions such as North Africa, sub-Saharan Africa, West Asia, South Asia, East Asia, and South-East Asia were at record levels, as were foreign investment flows to transition economies.
 

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Table des matières

SUSTAINED GROWTH IN FDI FLOWS
3
Tables
4
B CHANGING PATTERNS OF FDI
19
by value and share in total MAs in all industries 19872006
24
PROSPECTS
28
A DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
34
B SOUTHEAST EUROPE AND THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES
61
NOTES
74
ARRANGEMENTS FOR RENTSHARING
163
E COPING WITH ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES
171
G CONCLUSIONS
182
ANNEX TO CHAPTER VI TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE WITH
189
ANNEXES
205
Annex
207
4 Selected 50 large crossborder MAs involving collective investment funds completed in 2006
216
7 Bilateral FDI relationships ranked between 51 and 100 1985 1995 2005
222

INTRODUCTION
81
TNCs IN EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES
99
B THE CHANGING UNIVERSE OF TNCs IN EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES
105
IV10 Main foreign production locations of selected oil and gas TNCs 2005
120
DRIVERS AND DETERMINANTS
122
DEVELOPMENT IMPLICATIONS FOR HOST COUNTRIES
129
the case of CEIM in Chile
135
SOCIAL AND POLITICAL IMPACTS
148
NOTES
154
12 Estimated world FDI outflows by sector and industry 19891991 and 20032005
228
15 The top 50 financial TNCs ranked by the Geographical Spread Index 2005
235
4 50 largest crossborder MAs sales in oil and gas and mining 19872006
241
FDI flows by region and economy 20042005
251
FDI flows as a percentage of gross fixed capital formation 20042006 and FDI stocks as a percentage
259
Value of crossborder MAs by regioneconomy of sellerpurchaser 2004 2006
271
Value of crossborder MAs by sectorindustry 20042006
278
Profits of foreign affiliates in the host economy and of foreign affiliates
284
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