Cengage Advantage Books: Understanding Humans: An Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Archaeology

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Cengage Learning, 10 déc. 2008 - 512 pages
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UNDERSTANDING HUMANS: INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY shows students how anthropologists and archaeologists go about their work as they study human evolution, living nonhuman primates, human adaptation and variation, the origin and dispersal of modern humans, food production, the first civilizations of the Old and New Worlds, and so much more. At a Glance sections and Focus Questions help students better understand the material and study more effectively for exams.
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Table des matières

Preface xi
CHAPTER 12
Anthropology
The Scientific Method 15
Introduction to Anthropology 1
CHAPTER 4
A Brief History of Evolutionary Thought 21
Natural Selection in Action 30
CHAPTER 10
i
Homo erectus from Africa 239
Zhoukoudian Homo erectus 245
Interpretations
Premodern Humans of the Middle Pleistocene 259
Premodern Humans of the Late
Key Neandertal Fossil Discoveries 273

Critical Thinking Questions 36
x
Modern Human Variation and Adaptation
Intelligence 77
Population Genetics 83
The Continuing Impact of Infectious Disease 94
Introduction 100
Comparing Two Approaches to Interpretations
Mammalian Evolution 112
The Development of Evolutionary Theory 19
Introduction 118
An Overview of the Primates 117
Primate Classification 128
iv
Endangered Primates 144
Introduction 150
Reproduction and Reproductive Behaviors 161
Language 168
Critical Thinking Questions 174
PaleoanthropologyFossil Hominins
Archaeology 181
Dating Methods 187
Paleoanthropology and Archaeology at Olduvai
Summary 281
The Origin and Dispersal of Modern Humans
The Earliest Discoveries of Modern Humans 289
Key Early Modern Homo sapiens Discoveries from
Summary of Upper Paleolithic Culture 308
Archaeological and Paleoanthropological Methods 175
Critical Thinking Questions 344
Environmental Factors in the Development
Cultural Factors in the Development
Old World Farmers 362
Important Asian Sites and Regions 368
Important North American Sites and Regions 377
New World Civilizations 409
Important Highland Mesoamerican Sites
Important Peruvian Sites and Regions 421
Early Holocene Hunters and Gatherers 311
Summary of Early Hominin Fossil Finds from
Summary of Early Hominin Fossil Finds from Africa 433
Glossary 441
d
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning All Rights Reserved
Photo Credits 473
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À propos de l'auteur (2008)

Barry Lewis received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he is currently a Professor Emeritus of Anthropology. During his 27-year tenure as a professor at the University of Illinois, he taught courses on introductory archaeology, quantitative methods in archaeology, geographic information systems, and social science research methods. He has published extensively on his research concerning late prehistoric Native American towns and villages in the southeastern United States. His recent research centers on the archaeology and history of early modern kingdoms and chiefdoms in South India.

Robert Jurmain received an A.B. in Anthropology from UCLA and a Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology from Harvard. He taught at San Jose State University from 1975 to 2004 and is now professor emeritus. During his teaching career, he taught courses in all major branches of physical anthropology, including osteology and human evolution, with the greatest concentration in general education teaching for introductory students. His research interests are skeletal biology of humans and non-human primates, paleopathology, and paleoanthropology. In addition to his three textbooks, which together have appeared in 35 editions, he is the author of STORIES FROM THE SKELETON: BEHAVIORAL RECONSTRUCTION IN HUMAN OSTEOLOGY (1999, Gordon Breach Publishers), as well as numerous articles in research journals.

Lynn Kilgore earned her Ph.D. from the University of Colorado, Boulder, where she now holds an affiliate faculty position. Her primary research interests are osteology and paleopathology. She has taught numerous undergraduate and graduate courses in human osteology, primate behavior, human heredity and evolution, and general physical anthropology. Her research focuses on developmental defects as well as on disease and trauma in human and great ape skeletons.

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