Universities and Science in the Early Modern Period
Springer Science & Business Media, 9 janv. 2006 - 309 pages
This book includes most of the contributions presented at a conference on “Univ- sities and Science in the Early Modern Period” held in 1999 in Valencia, Spain. The conference was part of the “Five Centuries of the Life of the University of Valencia” (Cinc Segles) celebrations, and from the outset we had the generous support of the “Patronato” (Foundation) overseeing the events. In recent decades, as a result of a renewed attention to the institutional, political, social, and cultural context of scienti?c activity, we have witnessed a reappraisal of the role of the universities in the construction and development of early modern science. In essence, the following conclusions have been reached: (1) the attitudes regarding scienti?c progress or novelty differed from country to country and follow differenttrajectoriesinthecourseoftheearlymodernperiod;(2)institutionsofhigher learning were the main centers of education for most scientists; (3) although the universities were sometimes slow to assimilate new scienti?c knowledge, when they didsoithelpednotonlytoremovethesuspicionthatthenewsciencewasintellectually subversivebutalsotomakesciencearespectableandevenprestigiousactivity;(4)the universities gave the scienti?c movement considerable material support in the form of research facilities such as anatomical theaters, botanical gardens, and expensive instruments; (5) the universities provided professional employment and a means of support to many scientists; and (6) although the relations among the universities and the academies or scienti?c societies were sometimes antagonistic, the two types of institutionsoftenworkedtogetherinharmony,performingcomplementaryratherthan competing functions; moreover, individuals moved from one institution to another, as did knowledge, methods, and scienti?c practices.
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Modern Attitudes Toward Ancient Problems
The University of Salamanca and the Renaissance of Astronomy During the Second Half of the 15th Century
Medical Science and Medical Teaching at the University of Salamanca in the 15th Century
Its Position in Renaissance Europe
The Cultivation of Astronomy in Spanish Universities in the Latter Half of the 16th Century
The Sphere of Jacques du ChevreulL Astronomy at the University of Paris in the 1620s
Lectures and Practices The Variety of Mathematical and Mechanical Teaching at the University of Uppsala in the 17th Century
Natural Philosophy and Mathematics in Portuguese Universities 15501650
Venetian Policy toward the University of Padua and Scientific Progress During the 18th Century
The Culture of Science in the Scottish Universities
The Sciences at the University of Rome in the 18th Century
Enlightenment and Renovation in the Spanish University
Building Up a New Genre of Scientific Literature
Botany in University Studies in the Late 18th Century The Case of University in 18th Century Barcelona
Scientific Education and the Crisis of the University in 18th Century Barcelona
Mathematical Research in Italian Universities in the Modern Era
Universities Academies and Sciences in Italy in the Modern Age
The Theories of Copernicus and Newton in the Viceroyship of Nueva Granada and the Audiencia de Caracas During the 18th Century
Autres éditions - Tout afficher
18th century academies Alfonsine Tables anatomy Antonio Aristotelian Arts astrology astronomy authors Barcelona Bianchini Bologna botanical garden botany Caracas Castilian chemistry textbooks Chevreul Ciencia Colegio College Copernican Copernicus course cultural decimal disciplines Dominicans Early Modern Enlightenment Estudios Faculty of Medicine Francisco Galenism García Belmar geometry History of Science important included institutions Italian universities Italy J. M. López Piñero Jesuits José Juan Junta knowledge lectures Lope de Barrientos Madrid manuscript Martinus mathematicians Muñoz Mutis natural history natural philosophy Padova Paris Pedro period physicians physics Piñero plants Portugal practical professors published Quito reform Regiomontanus Renazzi Riformatori Roma Rome Rudbeck Santafé Sapienza scientific Scottish Scottish Enlightenment siglo Spain Spanish Sphaera sphere Storia dell'Università subjects syllabus tables taught teachers teaching of mathematics texts theology theory tradition treatise Universidad University of Padua University of Salamanca University of Uppsala University of Valencia Uppsala Villanova Zacut
Page ii - SWERDLOW, University of Chicago Archimedes has three fundamental goals; to further the integration of the histories of science and technology with one another: to investigate the technical, social and practical histories of specific developments in science and technology; and finally, where possible and desirable, to bring the histories of science and technology into closer contact with the philosophy of science. To these ends, each volume will have its own theme and title and will be planned by...
Page ii - CA, USA. ADVISORY BOARD HENK Bos, University of Utrecht MORDECHAI FEINGOLD, Virginia Polytechnic Institute ALLAN D. FRANKLIN, University of Colorado at Boulder KOSTAS GAVROGLU, National Technical University of Athens ANTHONY GRAFTON, Princeton University FREDERIC L. HOLMES, Yale University PAUL HoYNiNGEN-HuENE, University...
Page ii - York NOEL SWERDLOW, University of Chicago Archimedes has three fundamental goals; to further the integration of the histories of science and technology with one another: to investigate the technical, social and practical histories of specific developments in science and technology; and finally...