Urban Economic Theory: Land Use and City Size

Couverture
Cambridge University Press, 25 août 1989 - 366 pages
This book examines the economic reasons why people choose to live where they live and develops, through analysis of the bid rent function, a unified theory of urban land use and city size. The first part of the book explicates the basic theory of urban land use and optimal city size. Residential location behavior of households is examined in a microeconomic framework and equilibrium and optimal patterns of residential land use are discussed. The corresponding equilibrium and optimal city sizes are studied in a variety of contexts. Part Two extends the classical theories of von Thunen and Alonso with the addition of externality factors such as local public goods, crowding and congestion, and racial prejudice. The rigorous mathematical approach and theoretical treatment of the material make Urban Economic Theory of interest to researchers in urban economics, location theory, urban geography, and urban planning.
 

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Table des matières

Introduction
1
12 Bid rent function approach
3
13 Scope and plan of the book
4
Locational choice of the household
11
23 Bid rent function of the household
14
24 Equilibrium location of the household
23
25 Extended models
31
26 Conclusion
42
66 Superneighborhood goods
210
67 Summary and extensions
218
Bibliographical notes
219
Neighborhood externalities and traffic congestion
226
72 Crowding externalities and density zoning
227
Racial externalities
243
74 Traffic congestion and land use for transportation
258
75 Conclusion
266

Bibliographical notes
43
Equilibrium land use and optimal land use single household type
50
alternative expressions of bid rent functions
51
33 Equilibrium land use
53
34 Optimal land use
63
35 Equilibrium versus optimal
71
36 Comparative statics
75
capital intensity on land
88
38 Conclusion
92
Equilibrium land use and optimal land use multiple household types
97
42 Wellbehaved bid rent functions and lot size functions
98
43 Equilibrium land use
101
44 Optimal land use
113
45 Equilibrium versus optimal
120
46 Comparative statics
122
47 Conclusion
129
Urban aggregates and city sizes
133
52 Causes of urban agglomeration
134
53 Urban accounts
137
54 Population supply function and population cost function
140
55 Resource and transport advantages
150
56 Fixed costs and city sizes
151
57 Production scale economies and city sizes
160
58 Conclusion
169
Local public goods
177
the externality model of residential choice
179
63 Pure city goods
184
64 Congestible city goods
192
65 Neighborhood goods
200
External economies product variety and city sizes
271
82 Marshallian external economies
273
83 Product variety and monopolistic competition
284
84 Optimal production processes and firstbest policies
293
85 Conclusion
302
Bibliographical notes
303
Basic mathematics and consumer theory
307
A2 Envelope theorem
309
A3 Basic results from consumer theory
311
Transport cost and land rent
315
Bibliographical notes
319
Mathematical notes to the text
322
C3 Proof of Property 33
325
C4 Proof of relation 383
328
C5 Proof of Property 34
329
C6 Proofs of Properties 410 and 411
331
C7 Derivation of optimality conditions for the HS model Section 44
337
C8 Proof of relation 459
338
C9 Proof of Property 413
339
C10 Proofs of Properties 55 and 56
340
C11 Proof of Property 58
341
C12 Comparison of equilibrium rent curves Section 731
342
C13 Derivation of the optimality conditions for the HSt model
343
C14 Calculations for comparative statics of Table 81
347
References
350
Author index
360
Subject index
362
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