Weimar in Exile: The Antifascist Emigration in Europe and America

Couverture
Verso, 2006 - 852 pages
The artists and writers who left when the Nazis came to power were "the best of Germany"Palmier weaves their diverse stories into a history of magisterial scope.

In 1933 thousands of intellectuals, artists, writers, militants and other opponents of the Nazi regime fled Germany. They were, in the words of Heinrich Mann, "the best of Germany," refusing to remain citizens in this new state that legalized terror and brutality.

They emigrated to Paris, Amsterdam, Prague, Oslo, Vienna, New York, Los Angeles, Shanghai, Mexico, Jerusalem, Moscow. Throughout their exile they strove to give expression to the fight against Nazism through their work, in prose, poetry and painting, architecture, film and theater. Weimar in Exile follows these lives, from the rise of national socialism to the return to their ruined homeland, retracing their stories, struggles, setbacks and rare victories.

This absorbing history covers the lives of Walter Benjamin, Ernst Bloch, Bertolt Brecht, Alfred Doblin, Hans Eisler, Heinrich Mann, Thomas Mann, Anna Seghers, Ernst Toller, Stefan Zweig and many others, whose dignity in exile is a moving counterpoint to the story of Germany under the Nazis.
 

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Table des matières

INTRODUCTION
1
Exile in Europe 193340
21
THE BEGINNINGS OF EMIGRATION
49
THE STAGES OF EXILE IN EUROPE
134
Exile in Austria
140
Exile in Britain
149
Exile in Spain
161
EXILE AS EVERYDAY TRAGEDY
227
THE ÉMIGRÉS AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR
426
The Hardening of European Policy
433
Exile in America 193945
451
THE CONFRONTATION WITH NAZI GERMANY
457
THE STRANGERS IN PARADISE
499
ACADEMICS IN EXILE
552
THE BREAKUP OF THE POLITICAL EMIGRATION
559
THE ÉMIGRÉS IN WARTIME AMERICA
580

THE ORGANIZATION OF SUPPORT
267
THE STRUGGLE AGAINST NATIONAL SOCIALISM
299
BIRTH AND DECLINE OF THE VOLKSFRONT
331
PRESS PUBLISHING AND LITERATURE IN EXILE
361
ANTIFASCIST THEATRE IN EXILE
410
PERSPECTIVES ON GERMANY
604
THE ANTIFASCIST ÉMIGRÉS AND THE BEGINNINGS OF MCCARTHYISM
619
CASSANDRA
647
Droits d'auteur

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Poetry and Displacement
Stan Smith
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À propos de l'auteur (2006)

Jean-Michel Palmier was Professor of Aesthetics at Université Paris I, specializing in German artistic movements of the 1920s and 30s. He is the author of, among other works, L'Expressionnisme et les arts and Retour à Berlin. Weimar in Exile was awarded the Prix Eugène Piccard for a work of modern history by the Académie Française.

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