Klee and America
Paul Klee was a leading figure in European Modernism, and his acclaim at home was quickly matched in the United States, where both private collectors and major museums sought out his work. Klee and America explores the reasons for that enthusiastic reception, especially during the 1930s and 1940s, while the artist was being targeted in Hitler's campaign against Entartete Kunst (degenerate art). Just as the European market for Klee's work was collapsing, American patrons and curators were gobbling it up. And after he had been removed from his teaching post in Dsseldorf and had returned to his childhood home in Switzerland, Klee continued to be represented by a number of German-Jewish art dealers who had emigrated to the U.S. Eventually his work landed in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art and the Guggenheim, among others. Foremost among Klee's earliest American collectors was Katherine Dreier, whose Societe Anonyme, founded with artists Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray, sponsored the exhibitions of pioneering abstract art in which his paintings were first shown in America. In Los Angeles, Walter and Louise Arensberg assembled a vast collection of Klee's paintings. In 1939, Alfred Barr Jr. bought a first canvas for MoMA. Klee and America examines this history and offers an impressive selection of Klee's finest "American" works, both paintings and drawings.
abstract Alfred Flechtheim Alfred H Angeles Anni Albers April Arensberg Art Gallery Art Museum Arthur Jerome Eddy artist avant-garde Barr Jr Barr's Bauhaus Berlin Bern Black Mountain Blue Four Blue Four Galka Buchholz Gallery Calder California color Cubists Curt Valentin Degenerate Art Dessau Drawings Dreier February Feininger Four Galka Scheyer Galka Scheyer Archives German Art Greenberg grid Guggenheim Museum inches J. B. Neumann January Jawlensky Josef Albers Klee exhibition Klee's art Kunst March Menil Collection Modern Art mounted on cardboard Munich Museum of Art Museum of Modern Nazis Nierendorf Gallery Norton Simon Museum November October Oil transfer Osamu Okuda painting Paul Klee pen margin Phillips Collection photograph Private Collection Rauschenberg Rivera Rothko San Francisco Museum Société Anonyme Solomon strip frame Sweeney Switzerland University Vasily Kandinsky Walter Arensberg watercolor watercolor and pen watercolor on paper weaving wrote York Zentrum Paul Klee Zwitscher-Maschine