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THE

STEAM-ENGINE,

ITS HISTORY AND MECHANISM:

BEING

Descriptions and Fllustrations

OF THE

STATIONARY, LOCOMOTIVE, AND MARINE ENGINE.

for the Use of Schools and Students.

BY ROBERT SCOTT BURN, EDITOR OF THE “ILLUSTRATED LONDON DRAWING-BOOK;" "MECHANICS AND MECHANISM ;" ARCHITECTURAL, ENGINEERING, AND MECHANICAL DRAWING-BOOK;"

“ILLUSTRATED PRACTICAL GEOMETRY,” ETC.

46

Secoer

LONDON:

H. INGRAM AND CO.,

MILFORD HOUSE, MILFORD LANE, STRAND;

AND

W. S. ORR AND CO., AMEN CORNER, PATERNOSTER ROW.

1854.

28

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CONTENTS.

HISTORICAL NOTICES OF THE APPLICATION OF STEAM, FROM HERO, 130 B.C.,

TO SMEATON, 1772 A.D.

Hero's Æloipile, 1. Steam, opinion of the ancients regarding the power of, 3. Blasco

de Garay's steam-vessel, 4. Baptista Porta's engine for raising water, 4. Caus', Solo-
mon de, engine for raising water, 5. Giovanni Branca's steam-wheel, 6. Worcester's,
Marquis of, engine for raising water, 7. Savery's engine for raising water, 11. Pa-
pin's, Denis, steam-engine, 17. Newcomen and Cawley's engine for raising water,

19. Humphrey Potter's invention for working the valves of atmospheric engine, 24.

Beighton's gear for working the valves of atmospheric engine, 25. Smeaton's im-

provements in the steam-engine, 26. Smeaton's Chacewater engine, 28.

patent for steam-engines, 35. Watt’s arrangement with Roebuck for working the

patent, 35. Watt's arrangement with Bolton, of Soho, 36. Watt's arrangement of

cylinder valves for pumping engines, 39. Watt’s mechanism for working the valves,

40. Watt's improved cylinder, 41. Watt's expansive steam-engine, 41. Watt's “In-

dicator,” for ascertaining the power of engine, 44. Watt's single-acting engine, 45.

Watt, application of the crank to the engine of, 47. Watt's “sun-and-planet wheels,”'

49. Watt, attachment of the beam to the piston-rod in the first engine of, 50. Watt's

parallel motion, 50. Watt's throttle-valve, 50. Watt's governor, 50.

Watt's
spindle or tappet valves for cylinder, 51. Double-acting engine of Watt, 52. Watt's

wagon boilers with fittings, 53. Arago's éloge on the character and genius of James

Watt, 55, Double cylinder engine, Hornblower's, 59. Cartwright's steam-engine, 61.

Leopold's high-pressure engine, 64. Trevethick and Vivian's high-pressure engine,

65. Pumping engine for mines, modern, 66. Double cylinder engine, M‘Naught's, 67.

Double cylinder engine for factories, on the marine principle, 68-70. Double cylinder
engine, Varley's, 70. High-pressure steam-engine, 71. Beam engine, high-pressure,

71. Crank-overhead high-pressure steam-engine, 72. Fairbairn's crank-overhead

high-pressure steam-engine, 73. Crosskill's crank-overhead high-pressure steam-

engine, 74. Table high-pressure engine, 75. Horizontal steam-engine, high-pressure,

76. Oscillating engine, high-pressure, by Watt, 77. Oscillating engine, high-pres-

sure, by Evans, 78. Oscillating engine, high-pressure, by Pope, 79. Pendulous

engine, by Joyce, 80. Portable agricultural engine, by Clayton and Shuttleworth, 81.

Portable agricultural engine, by Barrett and Exhall, 82. Gough's portable agricultural

engine for railway excavation, 82. Portable agricultural engine, by Gough, 83.

Gough's portable agricultural steam-pump, 84. Portable agricultural steam-plough,

85.

CHAPTER III.

DETAILS OF BOILERS AND ENGINES.

Haycock boiler, Smeaton's, 86. Butterley boiler, 87. Cornish boiler, 87. Double-fur-

naced boiler, 87. French boiler, 88. Galloway's patent boiler, 88. Multitubular

boiler, 89. Marine tubular boiler, 90. Earl of Dundonald's boiler, marine, 91. Ver-

tical tubular boiler, 91. Feed apparatus to supply water to low-pressure boiler, 92.

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