« PrécédentContinuer »
wich Hospital, speaking of the pensioners, the author fays“ the number, at present amounts to”—to supply this omission a reference to the books of the Hospital would have fufficed, and the number might surely have been added without any risk of disfiguring the work. The other blanks are chiefly of the fame nature, and the omission to fill them up, of course, in our opinion, does require an apology.
Those who are acquainted with Mr. Pennant's style of writing will know what they have to expect from the perusal of these volumes; but, notwithstanding the laudable partiality of the editor, they will not, we fear, afford that degree of gratification to the general reader, which might reasonably be hoped from the past publications of this ingenious and well-informed writer.—The work is composed too much in the style of a journal, and contains too little novelty, to arrest attention, communicate information, or even to supply amusement. Still it is occasionally interesting, and our traveller has not failed to glean all that could possibly be collected from a field that had been so often visited before.-We shall select two or three passages as fair fpecimens of the work.
NORFOLK HOSPITAL, GREENWICH. « There are, in Greenwich, two hospitals of private foundation, I thall only mention that called Norfolk, which stands on the riverfide, a little to the north-east of the Royal Hospital. Notwithftanding it was founded by Henry Howard, Earl of Noribampton, yet it bears the title of his brother Thomas, Duke of Norfolk.'Northampton had the honour of founding two others, at Člun in Sbrop/bire, and at Caftlerising in Norfolk. He seemed to reft entirely on a few good works, to expiate for a multitude of fins, to compound with heaven for a life most enormoufly wicked : he was treacherous, diffembling, mean, and cruel. The Howards must not boast of their blood in this corrupted stream. He is mentioned as fubtiliter subdolus, and a cunning serpent ; the groffest flatterer alive; externally a Protestant, internally a Roman Catholic ; adapting his religion to his conveniency. He enjoyed the highest honours of the times, yet could fink into a pandar, and promote the intrigue between the favourite Somerset and his own niece, wife to the injured Earl of Essex. To fill the measure of his iniquity, he persuaded the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury, and fortunately for himself, died before the detection of that nefarious transaction.
“ He had the hardiness to prosecute, in the Star Chamber, certain perfons, who had been indiscreet enough to say some severe uruths of himn. Sentence was about to be passed on them, when the honest Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, arose, and bluntly told the Court, that there were sufficient grounds for the reports, and, pulling out a letter of the Earl's to Cardinal Bellar
mine, read from his own confeslion, that his conformity to the Protestant religion was no more than a compliment to the King, but his heart stood firm with the Papists'; and that he would be ready to further them in any attempt.' His Lordfhip was fo ftruck with this, that he went home, made his will, confessed himself a Roman Catholic, and died soon after. As he was Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Governor of Dover Castle, Ire was buried there; and a superb monument, made by Stone, at the expence of 5001. erected over him in the Chapel of the Caftle: his figure is reprefented kneeling on a sarcophagus, in the robes of the Garter, and with his hands clasped. His heirs seemed to have inherited his love of fattery; for, at each corner of the tomb, they have placed a figure of a cardinal virtue. His death happened on June 15th, 1614; in 1696, when the Chapel grew ruinous, his body and tomb were removed into the Chapel of the Hospital.
THE POWDER MAGAZINE AT PURPLEET.
“ From Erith, we crossed the river obliquely to Purfleet. Its great chalk bill rose before us, in this fiat country, like an Alp. A considerable quantity is burnt into lime for sale. We landed at the tremendous national magazines of gun-powder, erected here about the year 1762. Before that time they were at Greenwich, which was thought to be too near our capital. They confilt of five large parallel buildings, each above a hundred and fixty feet long, and fifty-two wide, five feet thick, arched beneath the slated roof; the arch is three feet in thickness, and the ridge of the roof covered with a coping of lead twenty-two inches broad. The building was reserved for the reception of the barrels of powder bronght out of the magazines, in order to be tried in the proof-rooi, to whichá there is a patlage, with a railed floor, covered on the bottom with water; so that, should any grain drop, no accident could set them on fire. At present this building is dilased, all the experiments being made in the open air, and in the musquetry or artillery, to the use of which it is destined. All thele buildings are surrounded, at a distance, with a lofty wall. In 'the two outmott is kept the powder, in small barrels, piled within wooden frames, from the bottom to the roof; and between the frames is a platform of planks, that the walkers may go in without fear of striking against any fubftance capable of emitting a spark. As a farther security, thote who enter this dreadful place are furnithed with golothoes and a carter's frock. Nothing of iron is admitted, for fear of a fatal collition. The doors are of copper, the wheels of the barrows are of braís. The four buildings utually contain thirty thousand barrels, of a hundred pounds weight. Should an explofion take place, London, only fifteen miles distant in a direct line, would probably suffer in a high degree. The dread of fuch an accident by liglia ning, ftruck the Board of Ordnance fo forcibly, that, in 1772, it consulted the Royal Society on the most effectual method of preventing it. A Committee from the Society was appointed, who de termined on fixing conductors ; fueh were set up with (nusual precaution. These were, on the principle, advised by Dr. Benjamin Franklin. The very fame philosopher, who, living under the protection of our mild governinent, was secretly playing the incendiary, and too successfully inflaming the minds of our fellow subjects in America, till the great explofion happened, which for ever difunited us from our once happy colonists. On May 15, 1777, the inefficacy of his pointed conductors was evinced : lightning struck off several pieces of stone and brick from the coping of the Boardbouse, which stands at a finall distance from the Magazines; neither the conductor on this house, or any of the others, acted; but Providence directed the stroke to that alone; the mischief was very trifling. Mr. B. Viljon had very ably diffented against the method proposed by Dr. Franklin ; but the evil genius of the witty philofopher stood victorious, and our capital narrowly escaped subverfion. At present these important Magazines are made as safe as human wisdom can contrive. The house in question is a handsome plain building, and is called the Board House, from the use made occasionally of it by the Board of Ordnance. It commands a fine jew up and down the river, and the rich gentle range of bills in the county of Kent."
QULEN ELIZABETH AT TILBURY. “ Elizabeth was superior to every weakness but that of love. (Surely the author should have excepted vanity also, nor have wholly omitted her vices, which, unfortunately, were numerous.) • She visited the camp in person, rode from rank to rank, and animated her troops by the most inspiriting speeches.
“ As I am now on the spot, I shall mention the part of one, as the moft animated of any which ever really fell from the mouth of an heroine. She has been compared to a Deborab, a Boadicea, and a Zenobia. Had her Highness been put to the proof, her deeds might have not been lefs celebrated ! But I question whether any one of them confirmed their resolves with so round a period as did the daughter of our bluff Monarch, in whom, on this occasion, his fpirit fully burst forth. She alludes to the cowardly defertion of the country at the appearance of the Armala, by several of the gentry who lived on the coatt. “ I understand,” says the, “ that numbers of the gentry have quitted their feats on the fight of the enemy: thould they ever again betray the like want of courage, by G-d I will make them know what it is to be fearful on so urgent an ocó cafion !!!
THE CHURCH OF ST. NICHOLAS A'T BRIGHTON: On an altar-tomb, near the fouth side of the Church, is the following memorial of the loyalty and fervices of Nicbolas Tattersal, matter of the small bark, which, in defiance of all danger, conveyed Charles II. tafe to France. That prince, after experiencing a long series of mira ulous escapes fubfequent to the battle of Worcester, at length onducted by his faithful friends to Brightbelmslone, which was thought a more secure place to meet at, than at Sborebam,
where his vefsel lay. His Majesty was immediately known by Tattersal; for it seems he had been taken by the King when Prince, with his own and several other veflels belonging to this town in 1648. The man behaved with unshaken loyalty, and conveying bim to. Sborebam, set sail on October 16, and landed bim in the night, in a creek not far from Fifcamp in formandy.
Captain Nicholas Tattersal, through whole prudence, valour, and loyalty, Charles 11. King of England, after he had escaped the sword of his merciless rebels, and his forces receivid a fatal overthrow at Worcester, September the 3d, 1051, was fathfully preserved, and conveyed to France, departed this life the 26th of July, 1674.
« Within this marble nionument doth lie,
of his virtues, bed, and grave."
It is worthy of enquiry, how an annuity lo settled, and for such a purpose, came to be discontinued. "The Regium Donun to the descendants of the men who murdered the father of the prince, whose life this gallant tar contributed to preserve, continues to be paid with wonderful punctuality.
The plates are well executed, and the greater part of the designs display much taste. A Northern Tour, from Downing to Alfton Moor, by Mr. Pennant, is, we find, in the prels.
A Collation of the Hebrew and Greek Texts of the Psalms : in
order to account for the Variances between them, and thereby
E have already had frequent occasion to commend the
constitutional labours of Mr. Reeves. We are now called upon to put off our fandals, and meet him upon holy ground; a talk the more agreeable, because it will not here be our lot incedere per ignes fuppofitos cineri dolaf. Hitherto we have been obliged to accompany him with circumfpe&tion, and to measure our paces with caution ; but here we shall be at liberty to look about and loiter, without having occafion for the iweet found of flutes and recorders, to charm our painful heps over the burning marl.
The Collation is prefaced by a learned letter to Mr. Pitt, of hixty-four pages, explanatory of the author's design in the work itself. The publication of the Holy Scriptures being one of the employments of the King's Printer, and Mr. Reeves having an interest in that concern, he has determined to be inftrumental in editing such biblical works as fhall be useful, not only to Englith readers, but to scholars. Feeling the responsibility of his situation, he is laudably actuated by the defire of “ doing fomething for the public, and of paying the
c debt, which a great man has faid, we all owe to our profeffion," As his preliminary epistle is of some importance, we fhall review it with attention, and take the liberty of difapproving, as well as commending, where we think we have juft occafion.
The Septuagint translation of the Psalms is, in our opinion, justly appreciated by Mr. R.: but we cannot confent, that the same merit should be extended to much the greater part of the Greek version. Has he compared the book of Job with the Hebrew ? Has he collated the prophecies of Isaiah with the original? With Bithop Lowth's sentiments of the latter, we cannot fuppofe him to be unacquainted. Has he marked the deficiencies of the Greek tranflation of Yeremiah? Is he aware, that there is a passage in that book, which the inca. pable tranflator gave up as inexplicable, and inferted the Hebrew in Greek letters in his version, notwithstanding the fenfe was obvious and easy? We cannot point to the passage, for Trommilis affords no reference to it, but of its existence there cannot be the shadow of a doubt. Michaelis's sentiments on the excellence of some parts of the Greek version, and particularly of the book of Proverbs, we have been long acquainted with ; but we must beg leave to fubjoin our own fentiments, that other parts are extremely defective : fo defective, as not to warrant the conclusion that the Greek version, as we have received it, was, in all its parts, the work of feventy-twa able and competent interpretess, selected for the purpose. We speak from experience, and we are confident that Mr. R. will