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been revoked ; nor indeed, are they susceptible of revocation, for every one knows that the Romish Church is infallible.

Let all secular powers, whatsoever be the nature and rank of their respective offices, be admonished, persuaded, and, if necetlary, compelled, by ecclefiaftical censures, that as they defire to be reputed and etteained faithful, they publicly take an oath, that they will, to the utmost of their power, endeavour to exterminate all luch as thall be denounced heretics by the church, out of all their dominions and places fubje& to their jurisdiction ; and let them take this oath respectively, the moment they thall be invested with either 1piritual or temporal power.

' But if any temporal Lord shall negled to purge his dominions of such heritical corruption, after being required and admonished by the Church, by his Metropolitans and his other provincial Bishops so to do, let bim be immediately bound in the chains of exconmunication ; and if he thall contumaciously refuse to make fatisfaction and submit himself to the Church within the year, let this be signified to the Pope, who shall thereupon declare his subjects absolved from their allegiance, and proclaim his territories open to the just seizure and occupation of Catholic Powers, who, after they shall have exterminated the drietics, shall possess them without control, and preserve them in the fiurity of the faith still preserving the title of the principal Lord, provided he shall give them no interruption, or oppose any imperiment to their procredings; and let the same rule be observed with respect to those who have no principal lords, i. e. republics.

Let all Catholics who shall undertake a crusaile for the extermination of heretics have the same indulgence, and the same holy privilege, as those who undertake the crusade for the expulsion of the infidels from the holy land.

- We decree, that not only those who profess heretical tenets, but all receivers, protectors, and favourers of heretics, are ipso facto excommunicated ; and we strictly ordain and command, that after any such shall be publicly branded with excommunication, if they shall refuse to make satistaction, and submit themselves to the Church within a year, they shall be infamozes, nor shall they be admitted to any public office or council, nor to elect any persons to such, nor to give testimony in any cause ; neither shall they be capable of making wills, not of succession, as heirs or representatives, to any estate : they shail be incapable . of suing in any court, but may themselves be sued: if any such person shall happen to be a judge of any court, his sentence shall be rull anil voit, nor shall

any cause be prosecuted before him : if he shall happen to be an advocate, he shall not be admitted to practise ; if a notary, instruments drazen uft, prepared, witnessed, or executed by him, shall also be void and of 129 effect, but condemned with their guilty framer : and we command that the same rule be observed in all similar cases, But it he be a clergymati, let him be deposed both ab officio et beneficio, that as his crime is the grcater, sollie greater may be his punishment.'

We shall next state the oath still invariably taken by a Romani Catholic Bishop, with a view to prove that the same spirit which prevailed in this Council respecting Heretics subsists in its full ¢igour, at the present time. 1, Bishop oi

do swear, that from this hour forward I shall be faithful and obedient to St. Peter, and to the way



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Church of Rome, and to my Loru the Pope and his successors canonically entering. I shall not be of counsel nor consent that they shall lose either life or member, or shall be taken or suffer any violence or any wrong by any means. Their counsel to me credited by them, their messages or letters I shall not willingly discover to any person. The Papacy of Rome, the rules of the holy Fathers, and the regality of St. Peter, I shall help, maintain, and defend against ali men. The Legate of the See apostolic, going and coming, I shall honourably entreat: the rights, honours, privileges, and authorities of the Church of Rome, and the Pope and his successors, I shall cause to be conserved, defended, augmented and promoted. I shall not be in council, treaty, or any act, in which any thing shall be imagined against him or the Church of Rome, their rights, seats, honours, or powers; and if I know any such to be moved or compassed, I shall resist it to my power; and as soon as I can I shall advertise him, or such as may give him knowledge. The rules of the holy Fathers, the decrees, ordinances, sentences, dispostions, reservations, provisions, and commandments apostolic, to my pow. er I shall keep, and cause to be kept of others. Heretics, schisma. tics, and rebels to our holy Father and his successors, I shall resist and persee cute to nwy power. I shall come to the synod when I am called, except I be letted by a canonical impedinent. The thresholds of the aposles I shall visit yearly, personally or by my deputy. I shall not alienate or sell my possessions without the Pope's counsel. So help me God and the holy Evangelists.'

It remains for the Roman Catholic Church of Ireland (not individually but collectively) formally, by a public act, to renounce the authority by which one of their Bishops has declared them to be bound, or else they must cease to pretend that a compliance with their claims is compatible with the coronation-oath, or consistent with the safety of the constitution of these realms.

But the proposed repeal of the penal statutes, we have reason to fear, only formed a part of the system which fome, at least, of the late Ministers intended to pursue. In the preface to the fifth volume of our work, our readers will recollect, that we offered a folemn admonition to the Clergy of the Established Church, recalling to their minds the falutary adage “ principiis obfta," and warning them " that their enemies were indefatigat le in their exertions to undermine the establishment, and that the defeat of every effort for this purpose, from w batever quarter it might proceed, depended elpe, cially, if not folely, upon themselves." It is now time to speak out, and to declare, that we then alluded to a plan which we knew to be in agitation, for the abolition, or commutation of tythes. This plan the late Minister, imposed upon no doubt by the specious arguments of certain fectaries, who pretended to support him on the most disinterested principles, though it might easily be proved that they were the most interested of men, sanctioned with his

appri: batiòn, and even, we believe, laid it before his Majesty, who, actuated by one uniform principle of attachment to the Established Church, of which he was the sworn guardian and protector, most properly referred him to the Prelates of that Church, whom the advisers of the premier had not thought it necessary to consult!-- We know full well, that among the Ministers who have resigned, there are some who would have condemned this dreadful inroad upon sacred property, this unaccountable. imitation of French revolutionary practices, this formidable attack upon the constituted order of our ecclesialtical polity, with as much warmth and decision as our. felves. But that repeal which they meditated, in conjunction with their associates, would naturally, and almost necessarily, have led to this neafure; and the principle of innovation being once admitted, it would have been as difficult as useless to resist the application of it, or the inferences which might be fairly deduced from it.


We shall, for the present, quit this unpleasant subject, upon which volumes might be written ; but we deemed it our duty to say thus much, in order to put men on their guard, and to induce the weil disposed members of both Houles of Parliament, (who we are willing to believe constitute a very large majority) to investigate deeply this most important topic of discullion, and to pause before they give a vote, which may prove decisive of their country's fato.

We are conscious, that, by the part whichwe take on these great questions, we shall incur the enmity of men, with whole friendship, al present, we are honoured, and the continuance of whose good opinion, interest and inclination, would prompt us to secure; but among

these are some, we know, whose high and honourable minds will give us that credit which we give to them, for the sincerity of their zeal, and the purity of their intentions, even on points on which we differ most effentially froin them. At all events, our option between principle and interest has long since been made, with. out hesitation as without regret, and we shall invariably endeavour to discharge, to the utmost of our ability, that paramount duty which we owe to our King, our Country, and our God.

On the Continent, such a peace has been signed between the Emperor and the French Republic, as we predicted ; with this only difference, that the fortresses of Mentz and Ehreinbreitstein are reserved as objects of future regulation. The Germanic Conftitution is virtually dissolved; and the French have taken those boundaries which the patriots of 1792 assigned as the natural limits of the Republic. In short, from the banks of the Adige to those of the Scheldt, their power is unlimited; while they enjoy an extent of sea coast, reaching from the Adriatic Gulph to the German Ocean, with the power, by the posseflion of all the fortresses on the frontiers of their immense territory, to extend their empire whenever they please. All the plans which we ascribed to them, in the preface to our last Volume*, are now clearly developed ; and their arts being as luccelsful as their arms, they have succeeded in combining against usall the maritime powers of Europe, whole threats and efforts, if united among ourselves, we might regard with equal contempt. The treaty, which we supposed to be in agilalion, between the Quixotic Emperor of Russia and the Firit Consul of France, has been concluded; and, as we foretold, preparas tions are making for a speedy invasion of the Turkish dominions.

* Published in the Appendix on the 1st of February.



All these events have afforded ample materials for adulatory ad. dresses, (in which Republicans are known to excel) from the different public bodies to the Corsican ulurper, replete with threats of vengeance again it this country, which has the daring presumption to relift his will, and to withstand his power. The language which they employ is certainly consistent and appropriate, for it is the language of slaves to a tyrant.

In this state of things, with a host of enemies to encounter, we have only to remain true to ourselves, and to exert those energies and thole resources which Providence has graciously fuffered us itill to retain, in defence of our liberties, our independence, and our religion. Of the issue of such a contest, conducted under such aulpices, we should not entertain a doubt. Most happily the new Ministers, whom his Majesty has called to his councils, are men of found principles, ardent zeal, unblemished characters, and solid abilities; and it is with infinite satisfaction that we witness the laudable relolution of the Noble Duke, who has prefided over the home departinent of the state, with so much honour to himself, and to much advantage to the country, to retain his important situation, and adhere to his Sovereign, in the glorious stand which he now makes in defence of the Established Churcht. There can be no doubt that the country will rally round such an Administration, and give them the most decided countenance and support.

+ The divilion in the Cabinet, on the proposition for supporting the repeal of the Penal and Test Laws against Catholics and Dit'lenters, we understand to have been fix, in favour of the measure, and five agains it.

TO CORRESPONDENT “ A METHODIST" who dates his letter from Lancashire, accuses us of intolerance and perfecution, and affirms that we are “men hostile to religious liberty, and consequently, to the British constitution;" and that “the Methodists have been long hrown and acknowledged loyal." - We shall make no defence againft the charge of hoftility; and, by way of answer to the praise of himself and his associates, we. request this “ Methodist” to read Mr. John Pawson's Sermons, and Mr. Polwheli's Anecdotes:

Unus Solus" may be assured that he can make us feel nothing but the most fovereign contempt for him and his productions. Ignorance and vanity are fu curtipanions for each other.

A respectable correspondent, at the Hor-wells, is informed that we have received Lercers of various descriptions, impudent, obscene, treasonable, and blasphemous, all of which we have been dared to publish. We fufpect that the one to which he illudes is noticed above. The writers of such letters are deceived in their expectations ; for they are regularly returned to the Poft-office, and the peftage is Reimbunted.

Pater's note is transmitted to the gentleman who reviewed the article to which he adverts.

C. l. by referring to the Appendix to our seventh volume, will find that we have no intention of “ diícontinuing the Monthly Summary of Politics ;" though it be not our intention to offer reflections without faits ; and it is not in our power to enture a regular supply of facts. .

C. C. C. C, is received. The Vifion of Liberty" is intended for insertion in our next Number. The blasphemous rani of " a Deiit" has nothing to recommend it but its blafphemy, which is no recommendation to us.

The farther communications of our eftimable correspondent, “ Academicuswill meet with that preference and attention to which they are so eminendly catitled,


ANTI-JACOBIN Review and Magazine;

&c. &c. &c.

For MARCH, 180r.




Retrospection : or a Review of the most striking and important Events,

Characters, Situations, and their consequences, which the last Eighteen Hundred Years have presented to the View of Mankind. By Hester Lynch Piozzi. - 2 Vols. 4to. Pp. 1026. 21. 25. Stockdale,

London. 1801. IF F Dr. Johnson had been still living, and this work had been subo

mitted to his perusal in manuscript, we are well convinced that he would have rejected one half of it, and added to the other some reflections and observations to render it worthy of public attention. Mrs. Piozzi has here attempted to form a new dish for English stomachs. History cooked up in a novel form reduced to light reading for boarding schoul miffes, and loungers at a watering place, during the Dog-Days. We will lay her own account of her notable production before our readers.

Their criticism I not only deprecate, but hope, by dint of petty amusement, in some measure to disarm : a pleasant story will divert, a tender tale affect them. No insolently obtrufive opinions through these pages, no air of arrogance will offend, or provoke such readers to say, however they may think, that the neceffity of dilating, as it advances, like an inverted cone or sugar.loaf, robs my whole building of that folid bafis which many fabricks boast, on which, after all, little fometimes is reared. A moment's thought indeed will shew fuch criticks, that any other way would have been worse : and half a moment will suffice to prove, that whilst the deep current of grave history rolls her full tide majestick, to that ocean where time and all its wrecks NO, XYXIII, VOL. vill,


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