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Corsican Usurper has led him to commit! To return friendship with enmity, protection with hostility, indicates an extraordinary degree either of human depravity, or hurnan degradation. Weak and infatuated Prince not to per. ceive, that his compliance with this insidious proposition, which with its ob. ject and consequaces we long since predicted, is an act of suicide! His own destruction must ípeedily follow the ruin of his enemy. If he flatter himself that he shall avert this destruction by additional concessions, he will soon be convinced of his error.
He may suppose that, in return for the cession of his colonial poffeffions, Florida and New Orleans, which, we have good reason to believe was the object of the treaty privately concluded with Berthier last summer, the Consul may fulfill his promise by employing an army on a Quix. oric expedition against the fortress of Gibraltar, that stumbling block of French and Spanish pride! but he will find to his coit, that the intention of Buonaparte is to employ his troops in a more ealy and more profitable enterprize.
The sovereign of Prussia seems anxious to dispute with the French the palm of excellence, in the successful use of the new revolutionary cafuiftry, and the new system of revolutionary ethics. We have formerly shewn in what mann's this Prince has reduced to practice his principles of neutrality, by his seizure of neutral towns, and his occupation of neutral territories ; and if any faith be due to the letters which we have lately received from Berlin, from a Correļpondent who has never yet deceived us, he means to give to the world a still fuller exposition of these principles, by the invasion of Hanoder, the reduction of Hamburgh, and the provisional occupation of Bremen, Lubeck, and Francfort; fo rendering the gratification of his favourite passions, avarice and ambition, fubíervient to the favourite, but hopeless, project of his worthy ally Bronaparte, the exclusion of Britons and British manufactures from the ports and countries of the Continent. A notable specimen of the revolutionary casuistry of this Prince may be seen in the curious correspondence of his minister, Haugwitz, with the Britilh Ambassador, Lord Carysfort; in which he modestly terms the embargo imposed on Danish and Swedish vessels, after an act of professed hostility to this country by those powers, a violation of the rights of neutral states, and a full juftification of his resentment against us, while he not only paffes fub filentio the flagrant breach of a folemn treaty by the EMPEROR OF Russia, by the seizure of our ships, the imprisonment of our countrymen, and the plunder of our property, in direct violation of every principle of public law, as well as of the specific provisions of a par. ticular treary, but, immediately after the commission of this act, which cannot even be palliated by the imputation of any previous insult, flight, or provocation whatever; an act, therefore, which must extort the reprobation of every honest mind, contracts a closer alliance with the Emperor, and scruples not to join with him in a league which has for its inain object to sanction and support the unprincipled conduct of which he has been guilty! We forbear to characterize such a proceeding; and our limits will not allow us to enter into a detail of the particulars which we have received respecting the internal ftate of Prusia, and the paltry intrigues of the Pruflian Cabinet, both of which are highly favourable to the revolutionary designs of the grand reformer of Europe,
By the same obstacle we are also prevented from giving a description of the internal situation of ihe French Republic, respecting which we have likewise received, from our Correspondents, fome interesting particulars. A short ex. tract or two, from the letters before us, as all that we have now foom ta
insert. “ So long as the breakers of the laws are the makers of the laws, anarchy and despotism must continue to reign by turns, and such are' the laws now in existence in France that a corrupt judge need never want a sufficient plea for the acquittal of a favoured criminal, from the petty thief to the bloody affaffin. The civil laws are neither less numerous nor less contradictory than the criminal laws, so that the property of the people is not better protected nor more secure than their lives. You must have seen, no doubt, from the re. ports of the Minister of Police, that there is not a province which has not its regular band of robbers and assassins, and that, in some, the Judges and the Justices of Peace are at the head of them; but that Minister has not deemed it expedient to proclaim to the world, a fact equally notorious, viz. that the Revolution has so accustomed and encouraged the people of France to the commission of crimes, that any man who has an enemy that he wishes to get rid of may easily procure a hundred assassins to dispatch him; and that the known ingenuity of the French, in all their undertakings, whether good or bad, has enabled them to contrive such means of plunder and of murder as would, mostly, I believe, elude even the vigilance of an English Judge, and as, by enhancing the difficulty of obtaining proof, secure iinpunity to the culprits.A valet-de-place, who lived with me several months, and whom I knew to be a fpy to the Police, shewed me a boy, twelve years old, at Paris, who had poisoned seven Gens d'Armes, and killed three other men, besides a Justice of Peace, who had committed a friend of his Employer's to prison. This boy had been tried in four different courts, and acquitted, from a defect of proof. He has since been sent, by the Minister of the Police, on board the Brest fleet! A well-known revolutionary hero in the Western department, being left without employment, and harrassed hy his creditors, appointed them to meet him at a house which he had in a retired part of the country; among the creditors were two rich cousins to whom he was heir.
He had un. dermined the house, previous to their arrival, and they were all blown up to the number of twenty-two. He had the assurance to inform the Government that he had destroyed two and twenty Chouans; and, in August last, the fact was so stated in all the French papers. But the truth has since been discovered ; and the man has been apprehended, tried, and acquitted, by divid. ing his cousins property with the fidge! ! !-" Though Fauchè has more power
and greater means than were ever possessed by any Minister of Police under the Monarchy, he cannot prevent the conmission of crimes. trives, however, to make them a fource of profit to himself; he is known to derive a revenue of 100,000 crowns (about 12,5001. sterling) by licensing gaming-houses and brotheis”-(the remaining part of this sentence is too horrid to transcribe ; fuffice it to say that it exhibits an instance of depravity till now unexampled in Europe !)-" There is a regular farmer-general for the brothels and gaming-houses, who pays Favché, and lets them out to underfarmers, who pay him; and the cards of address for these houses of resort, for the vicious and the profligate, are as openly distributed at Paris, as the bills of your quacks are in London. I send you one of them which was put into my hand at the door of the Opera.” “The consequence of this state of
“ things is an almost incredible number of suicides. I heard a senator, a friend of Fauché's declare, that from the registers of the Police, it appeared, that more people destroy themselves now in one decade, than formerly in a whole year.'' " Add to this the great scarcity of money which bears an interest of from eighteen to thirty per cent.whatever the friends of the Conful, the in.
triguers and speculators of the day may affert, be affured that money is as scarce as ever; and the confidence of men of property no greater than before." We lament the insufficiency of our limits for the admission of farther extracts; but we shall take a future opportunity of recurring to this subject, which is almost inexhaustible.
The sovereign of Naples, forced, in spite of himself, into the revolutionary vortex, and abandoned by his Continental Allies, has been compelled to fube mit to his fate, and reluctantly to subscribe to the disgraceful terms, which the successful Usurper of France has been pleased to prescribe to him. The exclusion of British vessels from the Neapolitan and Sicilian ports, forms a leading article of the preliminary treaty; but the poffeffion of Malta by the British will defeat the malice of Buonaparte, and secure to us the free naviga. tion of the Mediterranean.
At home we have only to notice the completion of the new Ministerial arrangements, and the indecorous and unjust reflections which have been caft on the members of the new Administration. We are not versed in the language of flattery, nor yet disposed to employ it; but, with the single ex ceptions of Mr. Pitt and Mr. Windham, we defy the most ftrenuous parti. sans of the old Ministry, to select, from among its members, any whose abili. ties will stand a comparison with those of the present Premier and several of his colleagues. But the foundness and purity of their principles, and the strength of their attachment to their Sovereign and the conftitution of their country, give them a much stronger claim to public esteem, support, and confidence, than
any which can result from splendour of talents, or the powers of eloquence, however brilliant or extensive. At all events prejudication is the height of injustice. They have an arduous talk to fulfil; the times are critical ; and the state of the country calls for great exertions of vigilance and vigour. The Jacobin societies are again in motion ; encouraged by the expiration of those salutary laws which have so long confined their treasonable efforts, within a very limited and contracted sphere of action; they have again met, and propose, under a new title, once more to display their banners in the field, and try an appeal to those feelings of the people, which, at this crisis, are the most susceptible, to endeavour to inflame their minds, and to incite them to acts of rebellion ;-or, to use the more eloquent language of a leading member of the Whig Club, their efforts will be directed “ to touze, the dormant energies of an infatuated people.” At such a time any attempt to weaken the public confidence in those whom his Majefty has chosen for his Ministers, putting the indecency and injustice of it entirely out of the question, is particularly improper and dangerous. Let them be tried by their actions, which we have no doubt will fully justify the high character which they bear; and let all who value their country combine to strengthen those hands which, at a season of alarm and danger, are nobly stretched out to save and to support
her. On the policy of this country respecting foreign powers, we have no room to expatiate; we shall only state the firm conviction of our mind ; that every effort should be made for the recovery of Egypt, and the security of the Brazils. These are objects of primary importance.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. Our numerous Correspondents are requested to accept this general acknowledgment of their communications, the insertions of which we have been reluctantly obliged to poftpone; but they shall most of them, appear eitlier in the next Number, or in the Appendix to the present Volume.
&c. &c. &c.
For APRIL, 1801.
Τρία δέ τινα χρη έχειν τες μέλλοδας άρξειν τας κυρίας αρχάς: Προίον μεν, φιλίαν προς την καθεσωσαν πολλείαν. έπειτα, δύναμιν μεγίσης των έργων της αρχής: τρίτον δ, αμείων και δικαιοσύνην εν εκάστη πολλεία, την προς την πολιτείαν.
Arist. Pol. lib.
9. There are three things, which those ought to poffefs, who are intended for bigh offices in the State ; first, an affection for the existing government ; fecondly, ability for the affairs of it; thirdly, such opinions in religion, and politics as are suitable with it.
A Collation of the Hebrew and Greek Texts of the Psalms; in Order
to account for the Variances between them, and thereby establish the Authenticity of the one, and the Fidelity of the other. By John Reeves, Esq. 8vo. Pages 286. Payne, White, and Wright, London, 1801.
(Continued from P. 171.) WE
E now proceed to give extracts from what we have already called
“ a learned” Epistle prefixed to this Collation. From these, it will be seen what opinions the author has expressed on the points, upon which we have made some observations in a former month.
First, as to the object of this Collation, and the manner in which it was conducted.
“ With these considerations, as I before faid, in my mind, I had the curiosity to discover what was the real extent of the discordance between the Greek and Hebrew texts, by making myself an exact Collation of them. This experi, ment, I thought, would be more usefully made upon the Psalms, which is the most popular, most interesting, and best known of all the books in the old Teftament. Being so fortunate as to know a person of the Jewish nation, who is extremely well versed in their Scripture, and in all parts of Jewish learning, I sat down with him to make this trial; the result of which will be seen in the following pages." No. XXXIV, VOL Yung
Further on in page 37, he thus explains the design of the work, and his method of making the Collation of the two texts.
“ The view proposed in this inquiry is, as I have before faid, to vindicate the fidelity of these translators; to induce the Greek scholar to consult more frequently his Septuagint, where he may possibly find as credible a witness to the true sense of the original, as in the present Maloretical text of the Jews; and further, to prevail with those who have been at the pains to acquaint themselves with the Hebrew, not to despise the aid of the Greek text, which is more ancient than their favourite one, and will afford light in many points, where their Hebrew learning may fail them. After this, I have a hope, that the Greek and Hebrew schools will unite in allowing a proportionate share of credit and confidence to the two texts; and will, in their biblical studies, take pains so 10 approxiinate shem, that they may reflect a mutual light upon one another, and contribute to establish the Word of God upon iwo testimonies, rather than uçon one. “ Whether the attempt made in the following Collation is of a sort to forward
а any such design; and whether, indeed, it is worthy to catch any of that transient notice, which is bestowed upon the publications of the day, is for the reader to judge. I shall not presume to lay any thing of the weight, or the worth of it; I will only undertake for its having one property, which is not usually found in works of research; namely, that there is nothing in it, which is borrowed or adopted from, or forned by the aid of, any writer whatsoever, except only the commentary of THEODORET for the one text; and for the other text, the critical notes of SOLOMON Ben MEIEC, to which he has given the fanciful title of Michal Topi, “ The perfection of Beauty;" with the Jewish commentators, that are usually comprehended in the Rabbinical Bible; to these were added the two Lexicons of BUXTORF; the Concordances of Buxtorf, TAYLOR, and TROMMIUS, and the publication called, the HEXAPLA of Origen. Resolved that this should be a ital trial of the two texts made by myself, with the assistance of the learned person before alluded to, I sat down to the examination, without any inquiry after the speculations, conjectures, or suggestions of other men; except
such as are contained in the books of reference before mentioned. If such a procefs makes a work genuine, and that gives it any recommendation, for that I can vouch; but for nothing else.
“ However, when the above-mentioned process was finished, I felt myself at liberty to indulge a curiosity to look into some writers, who, I knew, muft have gone over the same ground. I then found, that some points, which are presented in these pages as new, have been anticipated by others; but after full confideration of these coincidences, I still thought there was something belonging to the Collation here made, that distinguished it from all that I saw in thote writers. I hope I do not deceive my reader or myself, when I say, that what is here attempted, has been more fully opened, more anxiously explained, and more fcrupulously supported by authorities, than any of the disquisitions which I have happened to turn to, since this Collation was made: it has, I may add, another advantage over them all, which no English reader, I think, will deny to be one; I mean, that the whole is adapied to our church translation of the Bible.”
Mr. R.'s opinion respeĉting the Septuagint translation, and of the English translations of the plains, are contained in the following palfages.