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infamy has contributed to depopulate kingdoms and overturn states--when they are apprised, that Citizen Cambry is an enemy to all exifting establishments, civil and religious; an ardent admirer of absolute, unlimited democracy; an enthusiastic worshipper of reason and nature ; in plain English, that he is a Jacobin and an Infidel; they will require no other caution in the perufal of this book.
The journey under our consideration was performed in July, and the three succeeding months of 1788, the year immediately preceding the memorable Revolution of France. Citizen Cambry, at first, intended to limit his excursions to Switzerland; but was afterwards induced to proceed as far as Venice. As a writer he aims at origiginality; and, by blending sentiment with description, affects to raise himself above the level of vulgar travellers. His enthusiastic eulogies of the innumerable beauties of nature, which present themselves with such varied, striking, and picturesque effects, in the fields, woods, lakes, and mountains of Switzerland, are conveyed in an elevated and glowing style of descriptive elegance, admirably adapted to the delineation of subjects fo noble, and to interesting. He is a man; of taste, and evinces an extensive knowledge of the fine arts. Had his production been exclusively devoted to them, and to the display of natural beauty, it would have been highly deserving of praise, and would have afforded instruction and delight to the majority of his readers. But, alas! that hideous monster, Modern Philosophy! pervades the whole of his performance. He never passes a church, or a convent, without levelling his satiric shafts against religion and its vo*taries. Misrepresentations, false, malignant infinuations, and asperfions, both political and theological, offend the eye at almost every page; while morality blushes at the pernicious sentiments which
prevail throughout the work. The worthy citizen is constantly affociating the fables of heathen mythology with the sacred truths of Christianity; and then, by drawing a parallel betwen them, attempting to discredit Divine Revelation. But, with infidels of the present day, this is not new, it is only treading in a beaten path. Modern philosophers--though they do not chuse to avow the fa&-are aware, that the foundest, the only permanent morality, exists in the sacred writings. It is politic to strike at the root of the tree: they, therefore, commence their operations by weakening the vital springs of religion. When they have effected that point, every hallowed tie, which binds man' to man, becomes loosened: morality staggers and must ultimately fall; and the ruin of a devoted race, for which their philanthropic bofoms throb with anxiety, must inevitably ensue !
We hall only add, that such a work should not be put-into the hands of youth and inexperience,
Vie können Schwangere fich gesund erhalten, &c. i. e. On the Means of
preserving the Health of pregnant Women, and inducing an easy Deo livery ; to which are abled Rules for the Treatmen; of lying-in İľomen.
By Dr. Christian Augustus Struve, Phyfician and Man-Midwife,
more fortunate in meeting with British patronage than the aushor of the voluine before us. Besides a variety of his esfays which have been published in different periodical works, we have observed feveral of his more elaborate productions in an English dress. The principal of these is a work entitled, “ Remarks on the Physical Education of Children,” &c. translated a few months since by Dr. Willich, the author of the “ Lectures on Diet and Regimen.” With respect to the voluine before us, it will in its present state be con. fined to the perusal of the fair sex on the Continent; and thus being in a great degree local, we fhould scarcely have deemed it worthy our notice had we not remarked a note in the volume on Children before-mentioned, intimating that the whole of Dr. Struve's works would be translated and published in this country, if the volume alJuded to were well received by the Britith public. Leaving therefore that public which has never yet been backward in patronizing works of utility and merit, by whatever nation such works may have been produced, to form its own opinion of this author's talents from the fpecimens already published, we shall only observe that the present volume deserves to be recommended, because it contains much valu. able advice to females in that stare in " which women with to be wha love their lords :" but we fear that the many prejudices which prevail among the fair fex when in this creditable ftate, and which have been transmitted from generation to generation, will not be easily eradicated ;--the reformation alluded to is " devoutly to be wished,"
. and could it be effected, the unfortunate circumstances which attend child-birth would less frequently occur: of this Dr. Struve is so well convinced, that he lofes no opportunity of enforcing his advice; so that the frequent repetition of the fame maxims, in nearly the same words, becomes tedious to the English reader: for instance, we are by far too often reminded that “pregnant women should not take violent exercise immediately after a meal,- and many other observations of a fimilar kind, the consistency of which, we should conceive would be rendered evident to persons of the meaneft capacity, by that which is more powerful than all arguments, namely, their ovn feeling. The Doctor is also too much inclined to advise an effeminate treatment, as he obferves, at p. 28, that a pregnant woman thould be treated like one who has just recovered from a tedious fit of illness; which advice would be but too readily adopted, and thus too great a degree of fusceptibility be induced; though, at p. 29, et seq. the auThor warns his fair readers against excessive indulgence and effeminacy. In cases of vomiting and general indisposition, he recommends the patient to drink abundantly of a mixture of lemon juice and feltzer water; but with great precaution when subject to hemorr
hagies, &c. In this, or any other instance, however, of a similar nature, little danger need be apprehended, if the Doctor's readers were to avail themselves of his advice fo repeatedly enforced, viz. “ to apply to a physician;" (we need scarcely observe that medical advice is much cheaper in Germany than in England.). The author's meaning is, in several instances, involved in obscurity; as for instances, at p. 153, he forbids the use of a certain liquid in he:norrhages, unless prescribed by a medical man; and in a note at the same page advises a tea-spoonful of this very liquid to be given in the same complaint every half hour, till the arrival of the physician.
The following observations, however, are worthy of attention: By long-continued sitting vpon high chairs, the pelvis is particularly injured, as the loins are thereby compresled, &c, and to corroborate this remark, he observes that the women of eastern countries, who fit on very low stools, are feldom afflicted with difficult labours. He also cautions nurses against giving the breast foon after a fit of passion, and states an inftance of a child that was fatally afflicted with hemorrhages at the eyes, ears, nose, and mouth, in consequence of such treatment.
On the whole, there is much useful advice blended with absurdity in the tract before us; which appears calculated more for the perusal of the lower than the well-informed classes of society; and while we poffers such elegant and useful translations as the “ Nurse" of Tansillo, the “ Pædotrophia,” hy 'Tytler, &c. it is not likely that the present treatise will be considered as an additional star in the galaxy of medical literature.
Beschreibung einiger typographischen Seltenheiten; nebf Beitræger zur
Erfindungsgeschichte der Bucharuckerkunf, i. é. A Defeription of feveral Typographic Curiofities; together with Supplements to the History of the Art of Printing. By Gotheif Fischer, Professor and Librarian at Mentz. 8vo. Pp. 86. Mentz and Nurnberg. 1800. HE object of this treatise, which has been published partly for
the purpose of announcing the opening of the Central School of Mentz, is to throw some light on a period of the life of the well known Gudenburg, which was involved in obscurity. In the year 1455, Gudenburg was engaged in a singular law-fuit with two persons of the names of Fult and Schäffer ; which, terminating to his disadvantage, he was never after heard of. The author of the prefent treatise has discovered a document dated in 1459, which clearly proves that Gudenburg was not prevented from exercising his functions as a printer, though deprived by Fust of his materials; for according to our author, who uses very plausible arguments in support of his assertion, he printed the famous Catholicon, in the year 16.40. M. Fischer gives a description of some fragments of three different editions of Donat, wbichi he also attributes to Gudenburg. Of these
he has added several fac fimiles :--the remainder of the tract contains descriptions of work's heretofore unknown. In the preface he gives an'account of his exertions in revolutionizing the library at Mentz, which, at the time he assumed his office, was in a state of the greatest confusion.
Histoire Naturelle des Mineraux, &c. i. e. The Natural History of
Minerals, containing their Defcription, their Appearance, the Tbeory of their Foundation, their Connection with Geology, or the History of the Earth; an Account of their Properties ard Uses, their Chemical Analysis, &c. with Figures, drawn from Nature. By Eugene Melchier Louis Patrin, Member of the National Institute, and of le
veral other learned Societies. 5 Vols. Paris. Deterville. THI HIS is a work which cannot fail to prove interesting to mine
. ralogills. The author has been as far as the extremity of Siberia, on the borders of China, for the purpose of studying minerals, and even resided in that distant part of the world for the space of eight years.
His descriptions new that he has paid a deep attention to his subject, and that his abilities are equal to his perseverance,
Homage au Premier Consul Bonaparte ; i. e. Homage to the First Conful
Bonaparte. By Sacombe. Paris; fold by the Author at the College of Men-Midwives, Gît-le-Cæur-street, No. 15, 9th Year.
12mo. Pp. 17. IN 'N the course of our critical labours, we have often had occasion to
repeat the old motto-Ne futor ultra Crepidam : but in no one inftance have we found it more applicable than in the present. When we observe a man of eminence in his profession, a man whose exertions for the relief of his fellow (female citizens, have been so often crowned with success, abandoning those duties which render him an useful member of society in order to become the eulogist of an usurper of the government of his country, we feel sentiments of pity at fuch a flagrant instance of human degradation. Such a man is Sacombe, a surgeon and man-inidwife, celebrated for his opposition to the progress of the Cæfarean operation, for establishing what he called the Anti-Cæfarean School, and for entering into a contest fome time since fimilar to that which took place about the same period in this couiltry, between Dr. Hull and Mr. Siminons, of Manchefter.
With respect to the poem, the following burden, which occurs af least twenty times in seventeen pages, will be fufficient to fix the opinion of our readers :
“ Vive, vive à jamais le grand Bonaparte
* Rotaurateur des lois, et de la liberté !" and the eulogy of bis school is frequently corabined with that of his idol."
Without any pretensions to witchcraft, we many venture to predict that this citizen will never be fuch a proficient in poetry as he is in the obstetric art. What a pity then, that he has laid aside the forceps to alluine the reins of Pegasus; and what a pity likewise that lic is not a military man, for the Conful would then have an opportunity of rewarding him with that favour which he bestows on extraordinary merit with such a liberal hand :--we mean the Brevet il' Honucur!
Materialien für die Staatfarzneiwissenschaft und praktische Heilkund:
i. e. Materials for the Medical Police and Practical Medicisie. Published by M. J. H. T. Schlegel, Public Phyfician to the Town and Bailiwick of Ilinenau. First Colle&tion. 8vo. Pp. 182. Jena,
Göpferde. 1800. THIS affemblage of facts and observations cannot be perused with
out advantage by students in medicine, nor even by practical physicians. Among other articles, contained in the volume, are, a report upon a singular kind of murder, with the opinion of the faculty of Jena ; a memoir on the analysis of a preparation of tobacco, made at the request of the magistracy of Ilmenau ; various psychological observations, viz. on an instance of suicide committed by a man, in order to liberate himself from the capricious temper of his wife, on the mental state of a inan whose capacity of difpofing of his effects had been disputed; different accounts relative to the Itate of health of prisoners attacked with epilepsy, hysteria, &c. on a chronic diarrhoea, produced by an extraordinary cause, and rendered mortal by the medicines employed; on a species of colic cured by opium ; and another cured by alum; an history of the cure of a pulmanary consumption ; a cure of the cornea of a child, which was burned by his brother having inadvertently conveyed a light too near his eyes. In this instance, the cornea which was half destroyed, had a papyraceous appearance, and lost its transparency. The author effected a cure in the space of three days, by poaring into the diseased eye, several times a day, a fimall quantity of a mixture, confilting of twelve drops of Goulard's solution and two drams of cold water, and covering the eye with a comprefs steeped in the fame mixture.
- Kurze Beschreibung der gefährlichften Giftpflanzen, i.e. A concise Defcription of the most common Deleterious Plants; for the Use of Chile dren and Persons un acquainted with Botany. By J. H. A. Dunker, Prelate' of Kathenau ; published in Numbers by Leich, at Brandenburg, and containing Engravings coloured from Nature.
HE author of this useful work, being convinced from expe
rience of the confequences resulting from an imperfect know. ledge of the different poisondas plants, formed the reclution of in