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LXXXVI. Convention entre la Grande-Bretdgne et la France, relative à l'établissement d'une ligne de télégraphie électrique entre Bucharest et Varna, signée à Londres, le 1 février 1855. *).

Texte anglais.

. Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the Emperor of the French, wishing to ensure rapid communication between their Governments and the allied armies in the Crimea, by the establishment of a line of electric telegraph between Bucharest and Varna, They have invested with full powers to make an arrangement for that purpose, that is to say:

Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable George William Frederick, Earl of Clarendon, Baron Hyde of Hindon, a Peer of the United Kingdom, a Member of Her Britannic Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council

, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Her Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;

And His Majesty the Emperor of the French, the Sieur Alexander Colonna, Count Walewski, Grand Officer of the Imperial Order of the Legion of Honour, Grand Cross of the Order of St. Januarius of the Two Sicilies, Grand Cross of the Order of Danebrog of Denmark, Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of St. Joseph of Tuscany, etc., His Ambassador to Her Britannic Majesty;

Who, after having communicated to each other their full powers, found in due form, have agreed upon the following Articles:

Art. 1. A line of electric telegraph, in continuation of the Austrian lines, is to be laid down by the French Government between Bucharest and Varna, passing through Schumla, Silistria, and Routschouk. Half the expense of its construction to be defrayed by the English Government, after the completion of the works, upon inspection of the accounts.

vrier 1855.

Art. II. Le Gouvernement Français assurera de même, par ses agents, la surveillance et l'exploitation de la ligne, moyennant le remboursement annuel de la moitié de la dépense.

Art. III. Les dépêches officielles émanant soit des deux Gouvernements, soit du quartier-général des armées alliées, seront transmises par priorité sur toutes les autres, et sur le pied d'une parfaite égalité pour les deux nations. Pour celles qui arriveront simultanément, on suivra dans la transmission la règle de l'alternat. Il en sera de même pour les dépêches privées Anglaises et Françaises.

Art. IV. Les dépêches, tant officielles que privées, seront taxées d'après un tarif déterminé d'un commun accord. Le produit sera partagé par portions égales entre les deux Gouvernements. Un mode d'affranchissement facultatif sera organisé.

Art. V. Si à un moment quelconque après l'établissement de la ligne, l'un des deux Gouvernements demandait l'établissement de nouveaux fils, ils seraient posés et exploités par le Gouvernement Français aux conditions fixées par les Articles précédents.

Le Gouvernement Anglais pourra avoir un commissaire auprès de l'administration de cette ligne, pour veiller à l'exécution du présent contrat en ce qui concerne les intérêts Britanniques.

Art. VI. Les comptes entre les deux Gouvernements, provenant d'un côté des frais de surveillance et d'exploitation de la ligne, et de l'autre des recettes pour dépêches et messages, seront arrêtés à la fin de chaque année : et après qu'ils auront été examinés et réglés, le solde qui pourra être du par l'une des deux parties sera immédiatement payé à l'autre.

Art. VII. La présente Convention sera ratifiée, et les ratifications en seront échangées à Londres le plus tôt possible.

En foi de quoi les Plénipotentiaires respectifs ont signé la présente Convention, et y ont apposé le cachet de leurs armes.

Fait à Londres, le premier jour du mois de Février, de l'année de notre Seigneur mil huit cent cinquantecinq. (L. S.) Clarendon.

(L. S.) A. Waleweki.

Art. II. The French Government is likewise to ensure by its agents the superintendence and the working of the line, in consideration of an annual reimbursement of one-half of the expenses.

Art. III. Official despatches coming either from the two Governments, or from the head-quarters of the allied armies, are to have precedence of transmission over all others, and on a footing of perfect equality for the two countries. With regard to despatches arriving at the same moment, the order of precedence in their transmission is to be alternate. The same rules to apply to private despatches, English and French.

Art. IV. Despatches, whether official or private, are to be paid for according to a scale to be determined upon by common agreement. The receipts to be divided equally between the two Governments. A system of optional prepayment to be organized.

Art. V. 'If at any time after the construction of the line, one of the two Governments desires that more wires should be established, they are to be laid down and worked by the French Government, under the conditions fixed by the preceding Articles.

The English Government may have an agent attached to the administration of the line, to superintend the execution of the present agreement, in regard to all that concerns British interests.

Art. VI. The accounts between the two Governments, arising on the one hand from the expense of superintending and working the line, and on the other from the receipts for despatches and messages, shall be made up at the end of each year; and after they have been examined and settled, the balance which may be due by either party shall be forthwith paid to the other.

Art. vii. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at London as soon as possible.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Convention, and have affixed thereto the seal of their arms.

Done at London, the first day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five.

(L. S.) Clarendon. (L. S.) A. Walewski.

LXXXVII.
Convention entre la Grande-Bretagne et la Porte
Ottoriane, relative à l'emploi d'un corps de trou-
pes turques au service britannique, signée à Con-

stantinople, le 3 février 1855 *).
Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland, with a view to the more el-
fectual prosecution of the war in which Her Majesty, the
Emperor of the French, and His Imperial Majesty the
Sultan are engaged, having proposed to His Imperial
Majesty the Sultan to take into the British service for a
time, and in all respects to provide for, such a propor-
tion of Turkish troops as might be agreed upon between
Her Majesty and the Sultan; and His Imperial Majesty
the Sulian having signified his concurrence in that pro-
posal of his Ally; Their said Majesties have seen fit to
conclude a Convention for the purpose of determining
the conditions on which such Turkish troops shall be
employed, and have named as their Plenipotentiaries,
that is to say:

Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Stratford, Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, a Peer of the United Kingdom, a Member of Her Britannic Majesty's Privy Council, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, and Her Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Ottoman Porte;

And His Imperial Majesty the Sultan, Mustapha Rechid Pacha, His Grand Vizier, and Mehemed Aali Pacha, His Minister for Foreign Affairs;

Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following Articles:

Art. 1. Her Britannic Majesty engages to take into her service a body of Turkish regular troops, to consist of twenty thousand men of all arms. Of the above

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*) La convention a été rédigée en anglais et en langue turque. Les ratifications ont été échangées à Constantinople, le 12 mars 1855.

reserve.

mentioned troops, fifteen thousand shall be detached from the regular troops now serving with the armies of the Sultan; and in addition thereto, the Sublime Porte engages to assign for the same purpose five thousand of the Rediff, to be taken either from those now serving in His Majesty's armies, or from those who at present form the

The troops thus engaged in Her Britannic Majesty's service may be employed in any manner which may be deemed advisable for the purposes of the present war by his Excellency the Commander of the British forces in the East.

Art. II. The Turkish troops mentioned in the preceding Article, whether Regulars or Rediffs, shall be placed under the command of one or more General Officers to be named by Her Britannic Majesty, who shall severally receive from the Porte the rank and precedence of a General Officer in the Turkish service; and Her Britannic Majesty will further appoint such a number of superior British officers as She may deem sufficient for the maintenance of the troops in a proper state of discipline and efficiency.

His Imperial Majesty the Sultan engages to confer upon the officers thus selected by Her Britannic Majesty, such rank in the Turkish service as Her Majesty may recommend and as may be sufficient to ensure the necessary subordination of the Ottoman officers and men employed in Her Majesty's service.

The Turkish troops in question shall in every respect be subject to the discipline and regulations of the British service. The colour of their uniform shall be left to the discretion of the Commander-in-chief of the British army, but its general style and appearance shall be similar to those of the regular Turkish army.

Art. III. The Turkish troops, on being made over to the British service, shall bring with them in the first instance their arms and accoutrements; but Her Britannic Majesty engages thenceforward to provide for the arming, equipment, pay, clothing, and maintenance of the whole of the troops thus placed at her disposal, and to furnish everything that may be necessary to enable them to take the field, as well as to provide the means of conveyance of the same from point to point by sea, whenever necessary.

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