Sport, Professionalism, and Pain: Ethnographies of Injury and Risk

Couverture
Psychology Press, 2004 - 222 pages
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Are pain and injury managed appropriately in the environment of professional sport?
Is sports medicine a tool to empower or to disempower athletes?

David Howe considers these and other pertinent concerns and questions whether, in the world of modern sport, it is the participants themselves or the sport's administrators who exert more control over athletes' well being. Exploring the historical transformation of sports medicine and the relationships between medicine, body and culture, Sport, Professionalism and Pain bridges a perceived space in the literature between medical anthropology, medical sociology and sport studies.

 

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Table des matières

Investigating sports medicine medical anthropology in context
13
The beginnings of sports medicine
14
Forms of sports medicine
22
Medical anthropology and sport
24
The development of chemical performanceenhancement
27
Public use of sports medicine
31
Summary
32
Amateur pastime to professional spectacle
33
Imperfect bodies
120
The risk cycle
121
Summary
125
Theory into practice
127
Distinctive community the Welsh rugby club
129
a comparison of evidence
130
Injury in Valley Rugby Football Club
134
Talk of pain and injury at Valley RFC
141

Amateur versus professional
34
Professionalism and Welsh rugby
36
Television and the commercialisation of sport
47
Why sponsors want sport
50
Summary
52
Sporting bodies mortal engines
54
Pain and the body
66
Summary
70
Pain injury and the culture of risk
71
Pain and injury signal and response
73
The concept of pain
74
Medical practice and the nature of pain
79
Positive pain and training
85
Pain in relation to risk
87
Summary
88
The importance of injury in the commercialised world of sport
90
Two types of injury
91
Regulating sports injury
94
Time
97
Absence from participation due to illness
100
The impact of politics and commercialism on injury treatment
103
Summary
106
Risk culture as a product
107
The risk of using illicit drugs
109
Lay knowledge socialisation and risk
111
Eliteparticipant social networks
115
Risk and the ideal body
117
Summary
146
Elite distance runners
148
Cultural context
149
Structuring the season
150
Zatopekian pain
152
Pain threshold
155
Management of injuries
159
Summary
163
Bodily dysfunction the Paralympics as an arena for risk
164
Cultural context
165
Classification
168
Managing classified bodies
170
Technology
172
Medicine and the impaired body
174
Impairment pain and injury
177
Summary
179
Conclusion
181
Changes in the laws of rugby union amendments to the laws of the game to be implemented in the Northern Hemisphere from 1 September 1996
190
Changes in the laws of rugby union amendments to the laws of the game effective as of 4 November 1996
191
Highrisk situations in rugby union
194
Pain relief
197
Contents of the medical kitbag as used at Valley RFC
198
Notes
199
Bibliography
203
Index
220
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À propos de l'auteur (2004)

Prof. David Howe is a Senior Lecturer in the Anthropology of Sport in the School of Sport and Leisure at the University of Gloucestershire.

Informations bibliographiques