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What then did Pelagianism add to this article of belief ? A negation of the first term, i.e.—Nothing.

Catholicism proclaims the double necessity of faith and good works. Luther arose, and omitting the second of these two points, admitted the former alone. What did he affirm ? The necessity of faith. Catholicism has insisted on this with unchanging voice. What did Luther add ? A negation of the second point, i.e.—Nothing.

Finally Catholicism proclaims the Sacraments, the Eucharistic Sacrifice, the Real Presence, &c. Protestants reject these; in other terms they substitute for them simple negations, which are nothing.

As every heretical or schismatical sect retains this or that verity which suits it, to the exclusion of other truths, and as this process takes place from a thousand different points of view, it is sufficient to add together the articles separately admitted by these communions, mutually antagonistic, to arrive at the sum of all Catholic verities.

Also, it is sufficient to strike out the points which each rejects, or to subtract them from the total, to arrive at zero, and thus to shew that there is no one phase of truth which they do not deny.

In the first case they conclude directly for Catholicism, which is the entirety of which they are the fragments, in the second they conclude indirectly, by shewing that outside of Catholicism is nothing but a process of disintegration of all belief.

CHAPTER XI

PROTESTANTISM

MEPHISTOPHELES: “The spirit I that evermore divides.”—Goethe's Faust."

The affirmation of self and of God two duties-Mediaval Catholicism

affirmed God but neglected the affirmation of self- Protestantism the affirmation of self-Division and opposition the source of all misery and error-Distinction not division-Christian ethics consist in the affirmation of distinctions without division and opposition—The distinction of God and His relations by meditation, prayer, and worship-Luther denied these modes of affirming God-The affirmation of ourselves depends on our affirniation of God-Immorality the division between higher and lower natures Duty to our neighbours consists in recognition of their rights and non-interference with their libertiesThe negation of moral duty by Luther-He was disposed to sanction adultery- The evil of opposing religion to morality-Calvin denied free-will and therefore denied duty-The reformers denied the holiness of God- The system of negation and division carried on --Deification of negation-Opposition of the Church to God-Comte-Neo-Hegelian opposition of man to man-and negation of the Absolute–Subjective Christ opposed to historical Christ--and negation of the reality of the personal Christ—The Protestant spirit one of universal negation and opposition—it has opposed all truths, religions, and philosophies, scientific and ästhetical.

CREATION is the manifestation of Love, the Incarnation

(REATION is the manifestation of Love, the Incarnation

is the perfection of that manifestation, the link between God and man is therefore love.

Man's function being to affirm himself and to affirm God, love and reason have in him their proper offices. By reason

What then did Pelagianism all to this aride of belief? A nuation of the first terin, i.1.-Voting.

Catholici in proclaims the double necessity of faith and good works. Luther arose, and omitting the second of these two points, admitted the former alone. What did he affirin? The necessity of faith. Catholicisin has insisted on this with unchanging voice. What di Luther add? A nezation of the second point, i.c.-Nothing.

Finally Catholicism proclaims the Sacraments, the Eucharistic Sacrifice, the Real Presence, &c. Protestants reject th:90; in other terms they substitute for them simple negat1014, which are nothing.

Ay every heretical or schismatical sect retains this or that verity which suits it, to the exclusion of other truths, and as this process takes place from a thousand different points of view, it is suflicient to add together the articles separately admitted by these communions, mutually antagomistic, to arrive at the sum of all Catholic verities.

Also, it is sufficient to strike out the points which each rejects, or to subtract them from the total, to arrive at zero, and thus to shew that there is no one phase of truth which they do not deny.

In the first case they conclude directly for Catholicism, which is the entirety of which they are the fragments, in the second they conclude indirectly, by shewing that outside of Catholicism is nothing but a process of disintegration of all belief,

CHAPTER XI

PROTESTANTISM

MEPHISTOPHELES: The spirit I that evermore divides."-Goethe's “FAUST.”

error

The affirmation of self and of God two duties-Mediaeval Catholicism

affirmed God but neglected the affirmation of self-Protestantism the affirmation of self-Division and opposition the source of all misery and

--Distinction not division-Christian ethics consist in the affirma. tion of distinctions without division and opposition–The distinction of God and His relations by meditation, prayer, and worship-Luther de. nied these modes of affirming God— The affirmation of ourselves depends on our affirmation of God-Immorality the division between higher and lower natures-Duty to our neighbours consists in recognition of their rights and non-interference with their liberties—The negation of moral duty by Luther-He was disposed to sanction adultery—The evil of opposing religion to morality-Calvin denied free-will and therefore denied duty-The reformers denied the holiness of God, The system of negation and division carried on-Deification of negation-Opposition of the Church to God-Comte-Neo-Hegelian opposition of man to man-and negation of the Absolute--Subjective Christ opposed to historical Christ--and negation of the reality of the personal Christ—The Protestant spirit one of universal negation and opposition—it has opposed all truths, religions, and philosophies, scientific and æsthetical.

CREATION

YREATION is the manifestation of Love, the Incarnation

is the perfection of that manifestation, the link between God and man is therefore love.

Man's function being to affirm himself and to affirm God, love and reason have in him their proper offices. By reason

What then did Pelagianism add to this article of belief? A negation of the first term, i.e.—Nothing.

Catholicism proclaims the double necessity of faith and good works. Luther arose, and omitting the second of these two points, admitted the former alone. What did he affirm ? The necessity of faith. Catholicism has insisted on this with unchanging voice. What did Luther add ? A negation of the second point, i.e.-Nothing.

Finally Catholicism proclaims the Sacraments, the Eucharistic Sacrifice, the Real Presence, &c. Protestants reject these; in other terms they substitute for them simple negations, which are nothing

As every heretical or schismatical sect retains this or that verity which suits it, to the exclusion of other truths, and as this process takes place from a thousand different points of view, it is sufficient to add together the articles separately admitted by these communions, mutually antagonistic, to arrive at the sum of all Catholic verities.

Also, it is sufficient to strike out the points which each rejects, or to subtract them from the total, to arrive at zero, and thus to shew that there is no one phase of truth which they do not deny.

In the first case they conclude directly for Catholicism, which is the entirety of which they are the fragments, in the second they conclude indirectly, by shewing that outside of Catholicism is nothing but a process of disintegration of all belief.

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