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Tie Ene: is the reign of the Father, of Gecesitas alstract and anterior to the created world; the second moment, or the development of the world, cortes[monils with the second person of the Trinity, the Son. The third moment is that in which the absolute arrives at the knowledge of itself as spirit, through the proconsion of finite causes, and this is the Holy Ghost.!

But into the doctrine of the Trinity it is not my purpose to enter specially, but to confine myself to the theory, and 11 the application, of the dogma of the Incarnation.

i Hegel : Philosophie der Religion.

CHAPTER III

THE BASIS OF TRUTH

Wahrheit, O Gott, ist dein Leib.” L-WIELAND.

Truth is relative–The antipodes of truth—antagonistic ideas--the anti

nomy in man – Egoism and sympathy — “Contradictories radically exclude one another” an exploded axiom—The centre of gravity of Truths-The Ideal conciliates all–Conciliation of reason and sentiment-No absolute falsehood-Error the opposition of one relative truth against another to the exclusion of the latter--All truths positive-Negations are nothing-Private judgment the negation of other judgments-Private judgment the negation of absolute Truth-The proper function of private judgment—It is the resolution of what is true to the individual self-Universal truth the combination of all appreciations of truth.

MRUTH, such as it appears to us, can only be relative,

because we ourselves, being relative creatures, have only a relative perception and judgment. We appreciate that which is true to ourselves, not that which is universally true. And truth may well assume an aspect to one different from that it assumes to another.

When two men stand face to face, the right of one is the left of the other, and vice versâ. The rising sun in one hemisphere is the setting sun in the other; the zenith of one is the nadir of the other; when one hemisphere is enjoying day the other is steeped in darkness. The winter

Truth, O God, is Thy body.

!

1

hardly lucid enough in his exposition of it to place it at the
disposition of all thinkers. He has been misunderstood,
and his method has been abused; but of its importance, and
of the part it is destined to play in the elucidation of the
Christian scheme, I am firmly convinced. I believe that
if the modern intellect is to be reconciled to the dogma of
the Incarnation, it will be through Hegel's discovery. Let
the reader bear in mind that I start from the premiss of two
terms, opposed and defining one another, conciliated by an
intermediate term; and with this key I hope to open the
mysteries of the Christian religion.

The great German innovating philosopher saw that his
method was destined to revivify Christianity; according to
him, the dogma of the Man-God expressed the veritable
unity of the subject and the object, not under the form of
reflected notion, but under that of symbolic representation
enshrined in the history of one person. He applied his
doctrine to the orthodox dogma of the Trinity. Science,
said he, teaches us that the absolute traverses three mo-
ments, that of the idea in itself, then that of the idea out of
itself, or the gradual realization of the idea through in-
numerable negations, and finally that of the identity of the
real with the ideal. The first moment is the reign of the
Father, of God considered as abstract and anterior to the
created world; the second moment, or the development of
the world, corresponds with the second person of the Trinity,
the Son. The third moment is that in which the absolute
arrives at the knowledge of itself as spirit, through the pro-
cession of finite causes, and this is the Holy Ghost.

But into the doctrine of the Trinity it is not my purpose to enter specially, but to confine myself to the theory, and to the application, of the dogma of the Incarnation.

i Hegel: Philosophie der Religion.

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CHAPTER III

THE BASIS OF TRUTII

Wahrheit, O Gott, ist dein Leib." I-WIELAND.

Truth is relative–The antipodes of truth-antagonistic ideas—the anti

nomy in man — Egoism and sympathy — “Contradictories radically exclude one another” an exploded axiom—The centre of gravity of Truths-The Ideal conciliates all–Conciliation of reason and sentiment-No absolute falsehood- Error the opposition of one relative truth against another to the exclusion of the latter-All truths positive-- Negations are nothing-Private judgment the negation of other judgments-Private judgment the negation of absolute Truth— The proper function of private judgment—It is the resolution of what is true to the individual

self-Universal truth the combination of all appreciations of truth. TRUTH, such as it appears to us, can only be relative,

because we ourselves, being relative creatures, have only a relative perception and judgment. We appreciate that which is true to ourselves, not that which is universally true. And truth may well assume an aspect to one different from that it assumes to another.

When two men stand face to face, the right of one is the left of the other, and vice versa. The rising sun in one hemisphere is the setting sun in the other; the zenith of one is the nadir of the other; when one hemisphere is enjoying day the other is steeped in darkness. The winter of the arctic regions is the summer of the antarctic pole. The descent of one scale is the ascent of the other. In a word, everything in the world is inverse.

1 Truth, O God, is Thy body.

When we talk to English children of the antipodes, they think that the men there walk with their heads downwards; and to New Zealanders we ourselves are reversed. This is at once true and false for each. True, if each considers the other from his own point of view, with reference to himself alone, but false to both if they consider themselves parts of a whole whose centre of gravity is under the feet of one and the other.

Before Newton discovered the law of gravitation, the New Zealanders did actually for English people walk head downwards, for the relative method of viewing the antipodes was the only method at their disposal.

But now that the law of gravitation to a centre is known, it is indicative of childish ignorance to suppose such to be actually the case, though relatively it remains unalterably the same.

In the world of ideas the notions of one man are the inverse of those in another man. And in every man's own head there is a duality, which often eventuates in an antagonism. What is head upwards to the sentiment is often head downwards to the reason. Faith and logic range themselves on opposite sides. Liberty revolts against authority, and authority imposes on liberty. That which is right to the individual is wrong to the society; that which is true to reason is false to sentiment.

In nature, the law of gravitation governing bodies is the opposition of two contrary forces, the centripetal and the centrifugal. This antinomical principle reappears in all combinations of matter as positive and negative electricity, in its composites as statics and dynamics.

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