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has traced out for itself, not only in regard to Servia, but every other country, and that certain orders for arms and war material were only given with a view to satisfying normal requirements.

“We take note with satisfaction of the favourable impression produced by this interchange of loyal and sincere assurances between the two Governments, and we doubt not that these will lead to a strengthening of the existing bonds of union between the two countries, as well as to the removal, for the future, of all possibility of misunderstanding." The Marquess of Salisbury.

F. R. ST. JOHN.

The Marquess of Salisbury to Mr. F. R. St. John. SIR,

Foreign Office, September 10, 1889. Your despatch of the 3rd instant, in which you report a con. versation with General Gruitch on the 30th ultimo, bas been received at this Office; and I bave to state to you that I approve the language which you held to his Excellency as to the necessity of maintaining peaceable relations with Bulgaria.

I am, &c., F. R. St. John, Esq.

SALISBURY.

Mr. O'Conor to the Marquess of Salisbury.- (Received by telegraph,

September 11.) MY LORD,

Sophia, September 11, 1889. I HAVE the honour to report to your Lordship that a few days ago a printed manifesto was issued by a group of members of the Zankoffist party, reminding Bulgarians that to-day being the “ Fête Onomastique" of the Liberator Czar Alexander the Second, it behoved them to solemnize the occasion by Church services throughout the country; moreover, the Municipality of Samara in Russia having the intention to unveil on that day a memorial statue to the memory of the late Czar, one of the groups on which represented “ Bulgaria" in the chains of slavery praying to Heaven for deliverance, and thus impersonating the idea of the liberation of all Slavs,” it was a sacred duty for all the Municipalities of Bulgaria to send congratulatory messages to the Mayor of Samara, especially as that town had at the commencement of the late Russo-Turkish war presented the Bulgarian Legionaries with a flag, still preserved in the Palace at Sophia.

This Proclamation, signed by a certain P. Stanchoff, was widely circulated, and would no doubt have produced a manifestation, but that the Government decided upon taking prompt measures to prevent such an occurrence. Accordingly, the ten leaders of the movement were last night arrested and detained in custody until this afternoon, when, there being no longer any reason to apprehend disturbances, they were released.

Notwithstanding these steps on the part of the Government, I understand that a number of Zankoffists formed a procession, which proceeded to the Russian memorial obelisk situated at the entrance to the town, where they deposited a wreath of flowers. This was, however, at once removed by the police, who had followed the procession, and no further incident took place.

I have, &c., The Marquess of Salisbury.

N. R. O'CONOR.

The Marquess of Salisbury to Mr. O'Conor.

SIR,

Foreign Office, September 12, 1889. In your despatch of the 2nd instant you state that M. Stamboloff has referred on several occasions to the military preparations in Servia, and that you have constantly endeavoured to reassure his Excellency by pointing out to him that his fears are not shared by other interested parties, and that the very nature of the new military system in Servia renders it improbable that serious operations are contemplated.

I approve the language which you have employed and the efforts you have made to deter the Bulgarian Government from taking any action which might appear aggressive towards Servia.

I am, &c., N. R. OʻConor, Esq.

SALISBURY.

Mr. O'Conor to the Marquess of Salisbury.—(Received September 16.) My LORD,

Sophia, September 12, 1889. So much excitement has been caused throughout the country by the hurried calling up of the Reserves, reported in my despatch of the 6th instant, that I do not like to pass over in complete silence the various rumours which reach me from Philippopoli, or aro current here.

From Philippopoli I hear that the extraordinary haste and energy with which the mobilization was effected at a particularly inconvenient season, the purchase of horses in large numbers and at high prices, the calling out of civilian doctors as military surgeons, the getting ready of ambulances, and the general lavish expenditure of mone

as if for an immediate campaign, have given rise to a general belief that some serious political movement is on foot, or that the country is in danger of an attack from Servia.

Those of the former opinion maintain that the Reservists have been convoked in order to cover a movement in favour of a declaration of independence on the 18th instant, the anniversary of the union with Eastern Roumelia, that shall appear as the irresistible current of public opinion, against which the Government cannot struggle.

In Sophia, the danger of a sudden attack from Servin, whose . military preparations are viewed with unfeigned distrust, is still a

source of great anxiety to the Government. Reports are constantly received of the concentration of troops towards the Bulgarian frontier, the retention in the ranks of Reservists whose time has expired, the transmission of arms by the Russian Danube Steamship Company, and the efforts of well - known Panslavists and Bulgarian refugees to embark Servia in perilous enterprises against this country.

With regard to the reports respecting the Proclamation of Independence, I feel morally certain that they are without serious foundation, and merely the result of an excited state of public feeling, provoked in great measure by the hasty and injudicious manner in which the Reserves were called up. I am also convinced that, without the approval and co-operation of M. Stamboloff, no movement of the sort is under present circumstauces possible ; and I have received from his Excellency within the last two days the most formal and categorical devial of these reports. The Opposition has undoubtedly helped to propagate and magnify them for its own purposes.

If the Servian Government continues to keep under arms the various classes of Reservists beyond the normal period, while at the same time calling up others, I fear the Bulgarians will think themselves constrained to mobilize the army in the military districts adjoining the Servian frontier-a step which, as your Lordship is already aware, they have recently refrained from taking solely on political grounds.

I have, &c., The Marquess of Salisbury.

N. R. O'CONOR.

Mr. F. R. St. John to the Marquess of Salisbury.-(Received

September 20.) MY LORD,

Belgrade, September 16, 1889. I QUESTIONED to-day the Minister for Foreign Affairs as to the reports in the newspapers of the expected arrival in this country of

a large number of Montenegrin families, and I asked whether the political importance attached in some quarters to the event was in any way justified.

His Excellency replied that this question (which I learnt in another quarter to have been the real object of the Prince of Montenegro's visit to St. Petersburgh, with a view to obtaining the Czar's assistance) had been first broached by His Highness in conversation with the Representative of Servia in Russia, and subsequently embodied in a formal request from Cettinjé that the Servian Government would allow some hundreds of families to settle in Servia for the coming winter only, and thus diminish the number of those whom it will be necessary to relieve at home.

Past experience has, however, not encouraged the Servian Government to lend a willing ear to such schemes, and I understood General Gruitch to say, that however much he and his colleagues deplored the dismal outlook in Montenegro, it was impossible, in presence of a poor harvest in Servia, to throw such an additional burden on the country as the maintenance, possibly of thousands, of destitute Montenegrin families would involve ; but, continued his Excellency, if the Government of Montenegro will undertake to send only adults, able to work for their living, the Government of Servia, who have plenty of spare land, will place some of it at the disposal of any such able-bodied immigrants as may be willing to settle permanently and adopt Serviau nationality.

I have, &c., The Marquess of Salisbury.

F. R. ST. JOHN.

Sir W. White to the Marquess of Salisbury.-(Received by telegraph,

September 23.) (Extract.)

Therapia, September 22, 1889. VARIOUS reports have been circulated here on the subject of the intentions of Bulgaria, and these have naturally produced a fear that some precipitate action may be taken at Sophia.

To avoid such a contingency, the Ottoman Government has had under consideration several projects with a view to establish more correct relations between the vassal Principality and the Suzerain Power, but none of them have as yet got so far as to insure adoption by the Porte, and it is much more likely that the policy of hesitation will go on for some time yet, and that nothing definite will be decided upon. The Marquess of Salisbury.

W. A. WHITE.

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Vice-Consul Lamb to the Marquess of Salisbury.- (Received

September 30.) MY LORD,

Cettinjé, September 23, 1889. I HAVE the honour to inclose herewith translation of an artiele published in the “Correspondance Balcaniqne" of Belgrade and reproduced in yesterday's issue of the “Glas Tzernagortza,” relative to the emigration of pauper Montenegrins into Servia.

Considering that two years ago, under exactly similar circumstances, the Servian Government of that day sternly closed its frontier to the starving Montenegrin immigrants and threw them back upon the charity of the Austrian authorities in the occupied provinces, the "praiseworthy alacrity” with which the present Rulers of Servia have recognized "how deeply the nation sympathizes with the distress from which its brethren in Montenegro are suffering," and " impelled by the sentiment of unity which binds the two States” have “discharged a national duty” in assigning lands to the new-comers, is highly significant of the changed relations resulting from the accession of the Radicals to power.

I have, &c., The Marquess of Salisbury.

HARRY H. LAMB.

(Inclosure.)- Extract from the "Glas Tzernagortza" of September

1889. (Translation.)

THE "Correspondance Balcanique," of Belgrade, which is thought to be the semi-official organ of the present Government of Servia, contains the following article in its impression of the heat September :

The dearth prevailing in Montenegro has obliged the authorities in Cettinjé to address themselves to our Government with the request that it would permit a certain number of the very poorest Montenegrin families to immigrate into Servia.

The Servian Government, well knowing how deeply the nation sympathizes with the distress from which our brethren in Montenegro are suffering, and impelled by the sentiment of unity which binds the two States, bastened to reply that it was ready to satisfy, to the fullest possible extent, the wishes expressed by the Government of the Principality.

It immediately took the necessary measures, and has arranged all the details of the immigration, designating the locality for the settlement, selecting the lands, &c.

In manifesting this praise worthy alacrity, our Government has discharged a national duty. The Montenegrins will, no doubt, demonstrate their satisfaction at this fresh confirmation of friend.

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