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IS a common observation, and therefore perhaps not altogether untrue, that

critics generally set out with these two maxims ; the one, that the author must always dictate what is beft; the other, that the critic is to determine what that best is. There is an affertion not very unlike this, that Dr. Bentley has made in his late edition of Milton: "'I have

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1. See his first note on Milton's Paradise loft. However to do the Dr. justice, there are some errors which he has undoubtedly mended, of which two are most remarkable. B. VII, 321. The smelling gourd, which should be swelling. and *.451. fowl living, which ought to have been printed, soul living. In most of the other places, if he cannot find errors, he will make them. But methinks an author should

B

bear

“ such an efteem for our poet; that which of the “ two words is the better, that I say was dićtated bear his fare, as well as the transcriber: and though the context is a sacred thing, and ought not to be disturbed, yet in a note a better reading may be proposed. In B. IX 1.670. there is the following beautiful description.

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As when of old some orator renound
in Athens or free Rome, where elaquence
Flourised, fince mute, to some great cause addres,
Stood in himself collected, while each part,

Motion, each act won audience, ere the tongue.
In descriptions particularly the words ought to be neither
embarrassed, nor ambiguous. But here, is motion the ac-
cufative or nominative case? If the accusative ; how far
fetch'd is the meaning, each part won motion? If the no-
minative ; Milton should have given it, each part,

each
tion, each act : or rather thus, in a great measure according
to Dr. Bentley's reading,

Stood in himself colle&ted whole, while each
Motion, each aĉt won audience, ere the tongue.

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Colleeted whole : In feipfo totus teres, atque rotundus. Hor. L. II. f. 7. A person must have no feeling of poetry not to allow this the better reading ; but allowing this, no rules of criticism will suffer him to alter, what the transcriber, or printer has not first altered. In Shakespeare the editors have proposed many better readings, which they should have mention'd only in their notes ; and they would thus have deserved that praise for their ingenuity, which they seem to forfeit, by going out of their province to correct the author, when they should only have corrected the faulty copy.

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