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ART. V.-The Greek Testament, with a critically revised
Text, &c. By Henry Alford, B.D. Vicar of
Wymeswold, Leicestershire, and late Fellow of
Trinity College, Cambridge. Vol. II.
VI.-1. Tamerton Church Tower, and other Poems.
VII-1. Christ our Example in seeking the Lost. A
Sermon preached at St. James's Church, Picca-
dilly, before the Church Penitentiary Association,
on the occasion of their First Anniversary Ser-
vice, on Tuesday, April 26, 1853. By Samuel,
Lord Bishop of Oxford, &c. &c. Published by
Request. To which is appended the First
VIII. Spicilegium Solesmense; complectens Sanctorum
Patrum Scriptorumque Ecclesiasticorum anec-
dota hactenus Opera, selecta e Græcis Orientali-
busque et Latinis Codicibus, publici juris facta
curante Domno J. B. Pitra, O. S. B. Monacho e
Congregatione Gallica, nonnullis ex Abbatia
ART. I.-1. The Doctrine of the Holy Eucharist. By Robert
Isaac Wilberforce, A.M., Archdeacon of the
2. The Presence of Christ in the Holy Eucharist.
A Sermon preached before the University, in the
Cathedral Church of Christ, in Oxford, on the 2d
Sunday after Epiphany 1853. By the Rev. E.
B. Pusey, D.D., Regius Professor of Hebrew,
Canon of Christ Church, late Fellow of Oriel
3. The Real Presence. A Sermon preached in the
Cathedral Church of S. Andrew, Wells, on Sun-
day, August 7, 1853. By G. A. Denison, M.A.,
Archdeacon of Taunton. With a Preface, ex-
plaining the Circumstances under which the
Sermon has been preached and published, and
ART. IV-A Treatise on Biblical Criticism, exhibiting a
Systematic View of that Science. By Samuel
Davidson, D.D., of the University of Halle,
V.-1. Lectures on the Apocalypse. By Christopher
2. Hora Apocalypticæ, or a Commentary on the
Apocalypse. By the Rev. E. B. Elliott, M.A.,
late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
VI. History of England and France under the House of
Lancaster. With an Introductory View of the
VII-1. The Tourist's Illustrated Hand-Book for Ireland.
2. A Fortnight in Ireland. By Sir Francis B.
VIII. 1. Lateinische und Griechische Messen, aus dem
zweiten bis sechsten Jahrhundert. Herausge-
geben von Franz Joseph Mone, Archivdirector
ART. I.-1. Rational Psychology. By LAWRENS P. HICKOK, D.D. Auburn (United States). 1849.
2. Discussions on Philosophy, &c. By SIR W. HAMILTON. London: Longman, 1852.
3. Introduzione allo Studio della Philosophia.
Ed. 2da. Brusselle. 1844.
GIOBERTI. 4. Christian Metaphysics. By the Rev. C. B. SMYтн, Vicar of Alfreston, Sussex. London. 1851.
THE Science of Metaphysics was perhaps at no time very congenial to the English mind, and certainly at the present day seems less likely than ever to be popular. We are so taken up with the supply of material and social wants, with the investigation of natural and social facts, with religious and political controversy, and with the remedying of practical evils, that abstract science of every description seems to have less chance than ever of attracting attention. And yet the subject was not always neglected in England. In the ancient Statutes of the University of Oxford, it is provided that twice in each week lectures shall be delivered in Metaphysics, in which Aristotle's Metaphysics shall be the text-book; and a door in the Schools' quadrangle still bears the inscription, SCHOLA METAPHYSICE.' But the study is so entirely obsolete (or at least was so until recently), that we apprehend that it would have extremely puzzled any Oxford tutor or professor of our day, up to a recent period, to be called upon to lecture on that very difficult book. We believe, likewise, that the systematic study of Ancient Metaphysics had fallen into the same neglect universally, until Victor Cousin began (about 1830, we believe,) to lecture in Aristotle in the Ecole Normale of Paris, and published a French translation of the first and twelfth books, and procured a prize to be offered in 1833, for the best Essay on Aristotle's Treatise. Since that time Bonitz has published a new edition of the Metaphysics, with Dissertations and copious notes, and two translations have appeared in France; and we have heard that the book has been again lectured upon in Oxford, and taken up for examination. But we apprehend
that the person who has made most real use of that and others of the metaphysical writings of Aristotle, is the late Sir William Hamilton, of Edinburgh, the most learned metaphysician (we apprehend) of this or any other age, and the one who knew best how to turn to account his all but universal knowledge on the subject; whose extent of knowledge was equalled only by its accuracy, and the acuteness of the judgment with which he knew how to apply it.
We thus see that, notwithstanding the tendencies of the age, the study of the deepest and most subtle of all metaphysical writers (not excepting Plato)-of the writer from whom all modern metaphysics have unconsciously taken their tone and colouring, after centuries of neglect, is now revived in various European countries; and this revival cannot fail to produce some effect, at least indirectly, on the minds of many.
But we have been reminded of Aristotle by the work of a Transatlantic writer, the title of which, and the name of the author, appear at the head of this Article. We have been thus reminded, however, not by any direct traces of the study of Aristotle in the work itself, (for, judging by it, we should not suppose him to be acquainted with any of his writings, except at second-hand,) but by certain resemblances in the work itself. Aristotle works his way up step by step, from the first notion of a cause or origin, to Deity as the First Cause; and Dr. Hickok equally begins with phenomena, and works his way up to God, as the Absolute Ideal,' the Author of all nature. Aristotle commences his treatise with a discussion of the nature of science, and the proper place and position of the science of causes and origins; and Dr. Hickok (we wonder from what country he derived his name) commences with a discussion of the process for attaining an à priori science of mind, treats of the nature of science as built upon ultimate truths, and endeavours to lay down a criterion of all science. Aristotle's plan is to work his way from admitted facts to à priori science, which shall govern and interpret all facts; and the object of Dr. Hickok is to do the same. It is the practice of Aristotle to discuss the views of other philosophers, and to see how far they lead to his own views, or go with them, or support them; and Dr. Hickok has done the same. Aristotle has cleared his way for his own conclusions by the refutation of previous views, and Dr. Hickok has refuted other views in establishing his own. But here the resemblance ceases. The phraseology, indeed, and terminology of both Aristotle and Dr. Hickok are difficult of comprehension. But in the former case it arises from no idiosyncrasy, but from the simple fact, that the Greek mind was cast in a different mould from ours; for Plato, when he becomes metaphysical, is