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29th. At the Institution for the Encouragement of National Industry, founded by Napoleon in 1802, its object is to encourage and invite the exertion of ingenuity by the offer of prizes for the most successful discoveries, more immediately applicable to the arts and to husbandry. There are two general meetings in the course of the year, one in this month, (of February) at which the accounts are audited, and the annual council of administration elected. The other meeting is in July, for the distribution of rewards; each branch of industry being superintended by its own special committee. The repository of the institution is not allowed to be stored with any models beyond those of the
Ist March. For the second time over the
Hôtel-Dieu. It is an extensive building, in the form of a quadrangle, containing on an average 1200 sick at a time, which is twice the number of St. Geneviève, the next hospital in Paris in extent and accommodation. The wards of the Hôtel-Dieu are remarkable for their cleanliness and freedom from every thing that can offend the senses. The tiled floors glisten with polish; and the beds, which run in three tiers parallel to the sides of the saloon, are hung with wholesome-looking cheerful white dimity curtains. The neat appearance, appropriate dress, and orderly behaviour of the attendants, is not less worthy of admiration. They are assisted by sixty of the sæurs de charité, who live in the hospital, and are in constant attendance, and indefatigable night and day, in administering aid to the miserable inmates. These women occupy apartments in the upper story of the building, and are ever ready to be called up all hours of the night or day, at a moment's notice. No praise can sufficiently do justice to the disinterested humanity of these excellent women, who are truly among the brightest ornaments of our kind : and such is the respect with which they are regarded even by the mob, that I am assured their presence, like what we read of the Vestal virgins, will at once put an end to the most tumultuous affray. According to a statistical report lately published by Government, the number of sick assisted by the sæurs de charité throughout France, in 1816, was 52,000; and in 1824, 145,000. The number of poor children gratuitously instructed by them in the former year was 56,365; and in the latter, 120,000. There are in all 2,800 establishments of these sisters, being at the rate of one establishment for 135,000 inhabitants. Out of the whole number of these communities, only twenty devote themselves to a contemplative life. The remainder are actively occupied in incessant deeds of charity, and philanthropy, and the business of education.
Every physician and surgeon in the HôtelDieu has his own proper office or bureau, and private apartment. They have likewise their consultation chambers, separate with a grand salon for meeting in cases requiring conjoint counsel. The business of the house is so sys- . tematic, that you hardly can discover the attendants have any thing to do.
No fuss or hurry of any sort; and the happy result is, that beside the prompt administration of every thing that can be wanted for the sick, there reigns throughout the most uninterrupted silence. The vigilance of porters in allowing of no article of food or drink being introduced without an order from the proper authorities, is unremitting. They search the persons of suspected people with as little ceremony as officers of the douane: The comfort of the patients is much increased at this inclement season by large Porcelain stoves, which diffuse an equably temperate heat throughout, and without any unpleasant escape of smoke.
The theatre for surgical operations is commodious, both for seeing and hearing; and here it is that that consummate surgeon, the celebrated Baron Dupuytren, lectures and operates before a crowd of pupils.
Yet, admirable as are the provisions and
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