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Society for Suppression of Vice 615 RELIG. INTEL.--Society for Chris-
British and Foreign Bible Socie-

tian Knowledge; Report . . 740
ty; Monthly Extracts . . 617 London Association in Aid of Mis-
Pub.AFF.--Continent, latelligence:

sions of Unit.Brethren ; Address 744
French Elections ; Change of Ilayti; Progress of Education 745

Ministers; Davoust; Remarks 618 Pub. AFF.--Death of the Princess

Concordat rejected; Festival of

Charlotte

746

Reformation; Russia

619 OBIT.--Rev. Philip Gurdon . 754

Great Britain : Harvest; Fever in

ERRATA

756

Ireland; Fever Institution. 620

NUMBER XII.

ERRATUM

ib, RELIG. Com.---Letters of the late

'NUMBER X.

Rev.John Newton (continued) 757

RELIG.COM.--Effects of Religious

On Heb. xii. 7

765

Charity impeded by its Agents 621 On Gen. xxi. 4

ib.
Origin and Prog. of Love to God 628 Infidel Ohjection to the Miracles
Family Sermon, on James i. 27 630 attending the Crucifixion, 766
Extracts from unpublished Let Mysteries of Divine Government 767

ters of late Rev. John Newton 634 Family Sermon, on Eph. iii. 20, 21 772

MISCEL.-On Sacred Poetry 644 MISCEL.--Unscriptural Statements

REV.OF-Warner'sConsiderations

of the Bible Magazine . . .776

on Doctrines of Evang. Clergy 650 TypographicalErrors in the Cam-
Dealtry's Nature and Tendency

bridge Smail Pica Bible 780
of Apostolical Preaching

651

Explanatory Lett.from Excubitor 781
Owen's New View of Society . 662 On Popish Miracles

782

Lit.INT L.-Great Britain : New REV. or--Fawcett's Sermons

Works

680

Nicholson'sVoyage to New Zeal. 803

Stuart Papers ; Potatoe Potash 681 Lit. INTEL.-Great Britain ; New-

Perpetual Motion

ib. Works

820

Cocoa-nutOil; Portable Vegetable Archives du Christianisme ; Ox-

Compound; Diocesan Returns 682 ford l’rizes ; Molasses ; Ring of
List of New Publications. . ib. Queen Mary; Boa Constrictor 821

RKLIG.INTEL-Church Missionary United States; Asylum for the

Society ; Seminary for New

Deaf and Dumb

822

Zealanders ; West. Africa,&c. 683 List of New Fublications

823

Ireland : Protestant Tracts 686 RELIG. INTEL.--Emperor of Rus-

India : NativeCollege atCalcutta ih. sia's Ukase ; Remarks: Maria

Pub.AFF.-India : Mahratta War 687 Louisa

824

Algiers : Assassination of the Dey 688 Reformation among the Convicts

Great Britaio: Trials at Derby ib. at Sheerness

825

ERRATUM

ib. Pub. AFF.--State Prosecutions ;

NUMBER XI.

Trial of Hone

826

RELIG.COM.---Letters of the late

ERRATUM

823

Rev. John Newton (continued) 689

APPENDIX.
Inquiry respecting the Meaning RELIG. COM.-Letters of the late

of Matt. xxiv. 14, &c. 634 Rev.John Newton (concluded) 829
On Gen. iii. 22, 23

ib. RELIG.INTEL.--Brit.and For. Bible
On Meditation

ib, Society Thirteenth Report :
Family Sermon, on 2 Cor. viii. 9 696 Continental Societies; Ame-
Explanatory Passage from Crisp 699 rica; Sierra Leone ; Calcutta;
Alleged Inconsistency of the Mula

Ceylon ; Bombay; Java, &c. 833
titudes that followed Christ 700 Church Missionary Society: Wes-
MISCEL.--Hints on the new System

tern Africa; Calcutta ; Madras;
of Education in Ireland 701 Ceylon; New Zealand; Persia;
Connexion of Spiritual Regene-

Malta, &c.; Antigua; Trans-
ration with the Rite of Baptism 709 Jations; Foreign Chaplains · 812
State of the Church of Geneva 712 Merchant-Seaman's Auxiliary

REV.OF-Cooper's Letters to hum-

Bible Society; Address 854

ble Inquirer after Divine Truth 714 Hibernian Society ; Schools .858

LIT.INTE...Great Britain ; New

Naval aod Military Bible Society 661

Works; Children's Dispensary 737 Abstract of the Clergy Bill 8n4

Methodist Conference; Pheno. OBIT.--Rev. Dr. Coulthurst

869

mena of Tides ; Lithography ; Mrs. Hannah Sophia Cahusac 870

Muscular Strength; Coal Gas 738 ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS 673

Cape of Good Hope ; Registry of INDEX to theEssays,&c.; Reviews;

Slaves

jb. Principal Names ; Texts refer-

List of New Publications 740 red to, and Signatures used

875

.

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THE

(FROM THE LONDON EDITION.

]

No. 181.]

JANUARY, 1817.

[No. j. Vol. XVI.

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS,

SOME ACCOUNT OF THE REV. DAVID

BROWN, LATE SENIOR CHAPLAIN
OF THE EAST-INDIA

COMPANY,

OF FORT WILLIAM,

For the Christian Observer. view of his finally entering the

church. His parents were induced to acquiesce in the proposal. Young Brown resided for some time, under

the tuition of his new friend, at AND PROVOST OF THE COLLEGE Scarborough. He was afterwards

removed the grammar-school at

Hull, then under the care of the This account is taken from a very Rev. Joseph Milner. Mr. Milner interesting work, which has recent became much attached to his pupil; ly been published by Cadell and and while tbat good man lived, Mr. Davies, entitled, “Memorial Sketch. Brown continued to consult the es of the Rev, David Brown, with judgment, and confide in the expea Selection of his Sermons preached rience and piety, of his tutor. Mr, at Calcutta.” The work is edited Brown proceeded to the University by the Rev. Charles Simeon,' of of Cambridge, and was entered at Cambridge, who had been amongst Magdalen College, where he prosethe earliest friends of Mr. Brown; cuted the usual studies preparatory and I unite with that distinguished to his entering into the church. minister of Jesus Christ, in the hope Mr. Brown had been piously eduthat it may tend to kindle in the cated. The following allusion to bearts of many, not only a respect this circumstance was found among for the memory of Mr. Brown, but his papers after his decease : an ardent solicitude to follow his “Thy goodness, like the sun, dawnsteps.

ed on my early days:ma godly. The Rev. David Brown was born grandfather, who poured out pray. in the East Riding of Yorkshire, ers for me ;-parents who attended where his venerable parents, still to the instructions given them by living, and his brothers, reside. The the ministers of God;-early acexact time of his birth is not men- quaintance with the Rev. Messrs. tioned; but it must have been in Jesse, Stillingfleet, Milner ;--merthe latter months.of 1763, or the cies all flowing from my God!"} first months of the following year. What a strong encouragement does From his early youth be was dig. the case of Mr. Brown hold out to tinguished for a religious turn of parents, not only to be assiduous in mind, an amiable disposition, and a forming the minds of their children, thirst for knowledge. When about from earliest infancy, to the fear ten or eleven years of age, being on and love of God; but to provide a journey with his parents, be fell for them, as far as possible, such into the company of a minister, friends and associates as may prowbo, though a stranger, was so much mote their religious progress struck with his intelligence, that be During Mr. Brown's residence at offered to take charge of him for a college, he was led, in the course year or two, in order to prepare of his correspondence with a pious him for a grammar-school, with the friend in London, to relate some CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 181.

B

On one

successful efforts he had made to The Society for promoting Chris. do good among the poor. This tian Knowledge elected Mr. Brown etter having been show

a corresponding member, gave bim officer in the East-India Company's books, and recommended him to service, a new direction was given to the Court of Directors of the East

his prospects in life. the mathdia Company, w0, wtbeat of February, 1785, he was invitedberality, advanced 300gunea by tbis officer, Major Mitchell, to for bis outfit. He did not leave undertake the task of superintend. England until the month of Noing an institution recently formed vember following. The interval in Bengal, for the support and edu- appears, from his journal, to bave . cation of the orphans, of both sexes, been passed partly among his belonging to the indigent deceased friends in Yorkshire, but chiefly in Europeans of that presidency. He London. During this time the was at first disinclined to listen to frame of his mind appears to have this proposa, demingit his dutybeen that of devotedness God's to pursue his academical studies service, and resignation to his will.

their natural termination=butBeforetheast-dia Company the friends whom he consulted had resolved to make him an ad. being of a contrary opinion, bevance, he experienced much peyielded to their judgment, and cuniary inconvenience. agreed to accept the situation that occasion be observes; “My duties bad been offered to him, provided this day bave been, preaching two he could obtain episcopal ordina- serinons, reading prayers three tion. Here, however, a new dif. times, a funeral, a churching, and ficulty arose. Dr. Lowth, then a christening. Major this Bishop of London, gave a peremp- morning caine to church, and begtory refusal to his application, ged me to make use of a ten-pound alleging, that he had already or note as long as I wished. I bad dained several men for the colonies, but two shillings remaining, which who afterwards remained lounging I left this evening with a poor about town, a disgrace to the cle soldier whose wife lay-in of twins, rical profession. On this repulse, which last Sunday I baptized. My Major Mitchell applied to the late God, continue to help ine to serve Bishop of Llandaff, Dr. Watson, thee, and follow me this day and who agreed, that if the Archbishop every day with thy blessing!” of Canterbury saw no impropriety From an incidental expression in his ordaining Mr. Brown, after in bis journal, Mr. Brown appears what had passed, he would cheer to have been married about this fully do it. The Archbishop ap- time; a circumstance which, proproved of the proceeding, and Mr. bably, added to his pecuniary ditBrown was ordained by the Bishop ficulties. “ I am now," he says, of Llandaff, on the 26th of Febru “ to reside in Chelsea, and have ary, 1785. The Bishop showed very little money and food to probim much pastoral regard : be vide for my wife and self. The had bimself conducted a long and Lord will provide. Of this he bas close examination of Mr. Brown, given me a precious token this and he gave him much valuable evening ; for unexpectedly were counsel, which proved afterwards a sent in various supplies.” comfort and support to him. His The friends whose regard be Lordship's last words were: “Go in seems at this time to have cherished peace, and may tbe blessing of God with the greatest affection, were go with you! Do all the good you Mr. Simeon, the Messrs. Lloyds, can; and if it is no better for you of King's College, Cambridge, and in this world, it will be in the world Mr. Houseman. Mr. Simeon acto come.”

companied him to the ship in which

he embarked for India, on the 15th as good breeding, to press a person of Nov. 1785, with Mrs. Brown, after such a declaration ; and that who was delivered on board, of a I did not doubt but the present son, on the 1st of February. The company would have as contempjournal of his voyage exbibits the tible an opinion of me as I deserved, same deep piety which was visible should I comply; and concluded in his former memoranda, and con- by saying to the Captain, that I did tains many interesting details. The not believe it would give him any following incident is selected merely satisfaction to hurt my feelings, because it marks that union of firm- but that I should disoblige him by ness and suavity which was charac- granting what they bad asked.

To teristic of Mr. Brown's mind. this be made a short and proper

“ Feb. 25, 1786. The evening of answer—that I should never more this day was remarkable for a debate, be pressed to do any thing disain which my sentiments respecting greeable or contrary to my judg. song-singing, drinking to excess, &c. ment, so long as I was in his ship. were brought to the test

. After a glass Mrs. reddened, and could of claret, I declined taking more, not conceal the ebullition of paswhen the Captain forcibly urged sion excited by my serious barangue. me, and would have taken my glass She affirmed, that she knew a clerand filled it: but with a determined gyman, the best of men, whose air I told him, he might as easily respectable character none need attempt to shake Gibraltar as to blush to copy, who would sing a shake me from my purpose. It lively or jolly song, and think no was replied, Then you must sing.' barm. l'objected to any man's I told them I considered it as in. opinion or conduct being a rule of consistent with my character, and action for me : there were clergyI could not oblige them by a vio- men capable of doing things that Jation of my judgment. This was debased their character, and sunk followed by arguments on the ne them beneath their dignity. She cessity of being good company, of made another pass at me before the innocence of festivity, &c. The she desisted: People will never Captain observed, that we ought to think worse of you for singing a accommodate ourselves to the spirit cheerful song, and being gay a litof the company. we sit down with, tle. I answered, that my aim was and that it was only good breeding not the opinion of others : 1 referred and harmless to do so. I replied, my conduct to a higher law than that I was a great advocate for the law of reputation. The conliberty; that I gave large scope to versation ended amicably, and in others to follow their own judg. my complete enfranchisement.” ments, and that I valued myself on The ship reached Madras Roads this prerogative : I had opinions that on the 27th of May, when Mr. I could not part with to oblige any Brown learnt the afflicting news of company whatever ;--that a man the loss of the Halsewell Indiaman, must be dastardly and unprincipled in which he had intended to sail in who would, to please others, act preference to every other: he had contrary to his judgment, and thus even actually applied to Captain give up the most precious right of Pierce for a passage. "Alas!” he ob. human nature ;-that as to the serves, “ how blind is man! Let innocence of song-singing, I would us be content, with St. Peter, to be not hesitate to affirın, that some wel assured that the bidden things songs were really criminal, and by of the providence of God we shall no rules of morality to be justified, know hereafter. Our defect in and that to me all seemed improper foreknowledge is more than amply and inconsistent. I added, that it provided for in the knowledge, was contrary to good sense as well wisdom, and goodness of God. O

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that I may hang on him as a son on and Bahar,” which was forwarded his father, and forget my cares and to England. dangers in the abiding conscious In this Memoir, which is framed

of bis ever-watchsul pro with singular wisdom, while it matection !”

pifests an ardent zeal in the cause On the 8th of June, 1806, Mr. he had espoused, he recommended Brown landed at Calcutta, where the measure of translating the Scriphe met with a kind reception from tures into the different languages the Rev.John Owen, now the Chap- of the East, and the sending forth of lain-General of our naval and mili missionaries to instruct the natives tary forces ; from Mr.Charles Grant; “ fit men, of free minds, disinterestand Mr. Chambers. He took up ed, zealous, and patient of labour, his abode at the Orphan Establish who would aspire to tbe arduous ment;

and a few days after his ar office of a missionary.” After asrival, he received a farther appoint- signing bis reasons for desiring to ment as one of the chaplains of the have young clergymen of the Church Company. On entering on the of England, be adds: “ But gecharge of the Orphan Establish- nuine piety is the grand requisite ment, he prays, May these souls

in a missionary.

His work must committed to my care be led to a be bis business, his delight, and saving knowledge of the Lord Jesus, reward. Whoever is greedy of gain, and be instructed in all right things, and seeks great things for bimself, to the praise and glory of God! whoever prefers a life of ease and Lord, my joy will be to see them competence to a life of toil with trained in the way they should go ; an bumble subsistence, is not fit but give them thy Spirit, which for the purpose. But men who are alone can direct and keep them in ready to endure hardship, and to right paths."

suffer the loss of all things : wbo Mr. Brown had not been in Cal. count not their own lives dear to cutta above a month before he them, and who are willing to do began his efforts for a mission to and suffer for the sake of the Gosthe natives. He had been dili- pel : these are the men who are gently preparing himself for this wanted; these are the true mis. while on board ship, by a study of sionaries to instruct the heatben one or two of the oriental languages; successfully in the way of salvaand we find him devoting a part tion." of his time at Calcutta, to the ac This Memoir was presented to quisition of Bengalee, and express the East-India Company; and Mr. ing his hope (December 3, 1786) Brown, at the same time, addressed that the Lord would enable him tó letters to the Archbishop of Canacquire this language, that he might terbury, the Bishop of Llandaff, “ translate the Scriptures of truth Mr. Wilberforce, and other distinfor the benefit of the poor benighted guished characters in this country, heathen of this land.” His letters, urging them to use their utmost during the year 1787, as well as efforts to draw the public attention his journal, evince much anxiety on to this subject, and to gain for it this head. “I am beginning,” be the sanction of Government. Thus, says, “ a native school of young

as Mr. Simeon justly observes, Hindoos, who will not only be my long before the great Missionary scholars but my family and pro- Societies, or the Bible Society, bad perty." “ This I consider as the been thought of, did this bonoured first seed of Christianity sown on servant of Christ, in conjunction the native soil of Bengal.” He with his two friends, Mr. Grant and drew up a Memoir on the subject, Mr. Chambers, urge, with great 46 entitled a Proposal for establish- force and energy, the claims of the ing a Protestant Mission in Bengal names ou our Governuathi, and

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