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is alluded to by the words, total de tion of the Negroes, their wish that a pravity of human nature ??
better provision may be made for that " Answer. Does not know of such a re- purpose by the Church of England; and solution being enacted lately, but thinks then, (wbich is the key to the whole,) of it proper. Supposes the term official the necessity of discountenancing the applies to his office among others. efforts of all other missionary societies. Thinks the words total depravity al- But with the evidence which has already lude to our fallen nature.
been presented of the real state of the " Question 7. Do you conscientiously Negroes; the acknowledged impractithink that the resolution before mention- cability of providing adequate religious ed purports, that no person should hold instruction for them, by other means an official situation, who has opinions than are now in operation ; the good against the fallen nature of man, as be- which has already been effected; the ing born in sin, and that it has no allusion important moral influence which is in whatever to the state of bonduge,as it exists present activity; and the extensive bein this country, being the total depravity Defits, both civil and moral, which are of human nature!!
every year developing themselves, the " Answer. Answers particularly in the cause of the African may be left withaffirmative.
out anxiety in the hands of the British " There were, it seems, some subtle Parliament, and to the opinion of the divines in the Common Council in those British public, notwithstanding the acdays, and admirably fitted to judge the tive means of misrepresentation, and doctrines taught by the Missionaries." the calumpies which have been em
We conclude this article with a strik- ployed, to bring into discredit missions ing and admirable passage, with which of the first order in point of civil imMr. Watson closes his pamphlet. portance, and of the greatest magnitude
“ If the object of this party,(the West- in respect of success. But there are Indian Anti-mission party,) so zealous in deeper interests involved in them, and the cause they have espoused, as to put which cannot appeal to the heart in vain every periodical work and newspaper whilst our Christianity is any thiog more they can influence into requisition, to than a name, and our professed respect convey their charges and insinuations for religion better than a hollow preagainst those who are employed in in- tence. Are they considerations of no structing and christianizing the slave weight with the public, in an age of gepopulation of the colonies, be also to in- nerous philanthropy and enlightened fluence the British Parliament in favour zeal for the progress of the truth of God, of some restrictive measure they may that for so many years thousands of neg. intend to propose ; this attempt is still lected slaves bave been sought out and bolder than the incitement of the co- instructed by Missionaries of different lonists, and implies a very indecent re- denominations wben none beside cared flection upon a legislature, which of late for them? That thousands in that pehas been more than usually active in riod have passed into a happy immordirecting its attention to the improve- tality, having been previously prepared ment of the education and morals of the for it by the hallowing influence of relower classes; and which is not more ligion? That a system of instruction distinguished for the talents of its mem- has been commenced, which, if unbers, than for a general and established checked in its operation, will prepare character of religious liberality. To an ignorant and abject class of men to suppose it even possible for the British read with advantage those holy ScripParliament to adopt the jealous feel- tures, which it is now the noble ambiings, the intolerance, and ihe total dis. tion of so large and respectable a class regard to the religious interests of the of society at home to furnish to every Negro slaves, by which they have disa' nation under Heaven; and which will tinguished themselves; can only be ac- extend all those blessings through the counted for by the proneness of men to West Indies which are so justly consimeasure others by their own standard. dered as attached to the preaching of The presumption, however, cannot be the Gospel, and to the possession of the so bigb, nor the real character of Para sacred oracles? Is it a powerless appeal liament so little known, as to embolden made to human and religious feeling, them to make this attempt directly. that crimes have been diminished among We shall doubtless hear again, as for the slaves wherever the influence of the merly, of their anxiety for the instruc- Gospel has been permitted freely te
exert itself? That punishments have immortal interests of the mind, and the been proportionably mitigated ? That solemnities of eternity ;
-Am I not the moral standard, however low it may a man, and a brother 2 yet be, has been greatly raised in many “ In fine, Mr. Marryat, and the antiof the islands ? That so many cheering mission party, whether at bome or in spectacles of happy and orderly Negro the colonies, may be assured, that as far families are exhibited? That the Negro as the Methodist Missionaries are conhut resounds with the praises of Christ; cerned, they are not to be deterred by and the infant children of Ethiopia, un- calumnies, nor even menaces, from the der the care of their converted mothers, prosecution of their work. Conscious are taught to stretch out their hands of the pureness of their motives, encouunto God? Such have been the effects, raged by success, secure of the countemore or less strikingly displayed, where- dance of candid men, even in the ever the Missionaries have laboured. islands, they will relinquish no station, The wilderness and the solitary place have nor hesitate to embrace every new opbeen glad for them. And is this fair portunity which may present itself, for prospect, at once the effect of moral instructing and reforming the ignorant cultivation and the demonstration of its and neglected objects of their mission. efficiency, to be broken in upon and In the work they have undertaken, they trampled down at the call of men, by have endured contempt, and can stil wbose exertions a ray of light was never endure it; they have suffered bonds, conveyed into the mind of a slave, nor and can again suffer them, should Mr. any of his vices corrected; who can Marryat and his coadjutors succeed in survey, without a sigh, his mind in exciting new persecutions. They have ruins, the habitation of those prowling more than once lived down old calumpassions, which are the objects of their nies, and they will live and act down dread, and the instruments of his mi- new ones. Satisfied if they make full sery; content only if he continues to proof of their ministry before God and crouch under the whip, and to yield his unprejudiced men, and be able to preappointed quantum of labour; and in- sent as their best epistles of recommendignant, not at their own neglect, and dation thousands of once pagan Afrihis vices; but at the men who have ex- cans, living under every kind of vicious pended health and life in his cause and babit, now enlightened in the great in theirs? A work of so much mercy principles of Christian doctrine, and cannot be placed under the protection adorning it in the morality of their of the public sentiment of the people lives, and the meekness of their spirits. of this country in vain ; nor will the Par- The aspersions with wbich they have Jiament of Great Britain allow under- been assailed, have never produced in takings so dear to humanity and piety their minds a consciousness of disgrace, to be obstructed by calumny and cla- nor will they now produce it. There
The appeal, which, when the are calumnies without point, and rebodily wrongs only of the sons of Africa proaches without shame-there is a were in question, roused every feeling cause which converts censure into of humane interest in the Parliament praise, and brightens obloquy into and people of Great Britain, will not be glory." less powerful, when connected with the
THE present month has produced little cession of Denmark and Switzerland to
was opened by a speech from the prince in answer to the speech, in both houses, regent in person; in which, after al- were interrupted by the formal annunluding to the continued indisposition of ciation of an attempt having been made the king; the amicable state of our re- on the person of the prince regent, as lations with foreign powers: the splen- he was passing through the park on his did achievements of the fleet sent against return from the house of lords. From Algiers, with the result of its success, the evidence, it appeared that an imso interesting to bumanity; and the mense crowd had followed and surhappy issue of the Nepaul war; he rounded the state carriage, uttering the states, that the estimates for the current most seditious and even ferocious and year have been formed with an anxious sanguinary expressions against his royal desire to make every reduction in our higbness and his guards. Many stones establishments which sound policy will were thrown at the carriage, and one allow, and he recommends the state of of the windows of it was broken in the public revenue to the early atten- pieces. A bullet was supposed to have tion of parliament. The deficiency in previously penetrated it, but the bullet the produce of the revenue in the last not having been found, this point is not year, he trusts, may be ascribed to tem- equally certain. It required the utmost porary causes; and he has the conso- exertions of the guards, and of the malation of believing that the services of gistrates and constables who were prethe year may be provided for without sent, to prevent the populace from peradding to the public burdens, or adopt- petrating still more fatal outrages, and ing any measure injurious to the esta- to conduct the prince safely to St.James's blished system by which the public palace. These proceedings justly excredit has been hitherto sustained. The cited , a strong feeling of indignation new silver coinage having been com- and horror both in and out of parliapleted will speedily be issued, and he ment; and although it has not been trusts will be productive of advantage. found possible to fix on the actual perThe speech then adverts to the dis- petrators of the outrage, yet so strong tresses which the termination of a war an impression was produced on the pubof such extent and duration has brought lic mind of its directly emanating from on all the nations of Europe, and which the doctrines lately promulgated at have been aggravated by the unfavour- public meetings, and circulated in inable state of the season. The prince dammatory tracts and handbills, that a regent deeply laments the pressure of general desire was excited of seeing these evils on this country, but observes some legislative measures adopted for with peculiar satisfaction the fortitude guarding the public peace, and obviatwith which privations have been borne, ing the recurrence of similar atrocities. and the active benevolence employed to Few persons, indeed, entertained any mitigate them; and he is persuaded that idea of the extent to wbich the evil was the great sources of national prosperity afterwards found to have proceeded, or are unimpaired, and that the energy of of the formidable nature of the designs the country will soon surmount all our subsequently developed in the reports difficulties. He lastly directs the atten- of the secret committees of both houses tion of parliament to the attempts which of parliament ; but still enough was have been made to take advantage of known to render all who were concernthe distresses of the country for the ed for the peace and well-being of the purpose of exciting sedition and vio. country, anxious for the adoption of lence. Though well convinced of the vigorous measures to repress tumult and loyalty and good sense of the great body disorder, and to prevent the fatal conseof the people, he is determined to omit quences to be apprehended from the no precautions for preserving the pub- unwearied and persevering efforts of lic peace and counteracting the designs certain demagogues to disturb and agiof the disaffected, and he relies on the tate the minds of the labouring classes. cordial support of parliament in up- The whole subject was judiciously reholdiog a system of law and govern- ferred to the consideration of a secret ment, productive of inestimable advan- committee of each house of parliament, tages, and which has been felt by our- composed of members taken from all selves, and acknowledged by other na- parties, who, after a protracted investions, to be the most perfect that has tigation of evidence, have unanimously ever fallen to the lot of any people. concurred in reports certainly of very
The debates on the address, proposed fearful import, and deeply affecting
every individual in the community. fane and indecent parodies of the liturgy The committee of the bouse of lords and the Scriptures, were also song. consisted of Lords Liverpool, Sidmouth, The operations of these societies apFitzwilliam, Grenville, Harrowby, El- pear to have been directed by a conserdon, Holland, &c. &c.; and that of the vative committee, and their doctrines house of commons, of Lords Milton, have been systematically and industriLascelles, and Castlereagh, Sirs John ously diffused among discharged solNicholl, W. Curtis, and A. Pigott, the diers, and sailors, and labourers of all Attorney and Solicitor-General, Messrs. descriptions, by inflammatory speeches, Ponsonby, Egerton, W. Elliott, B. and by cheap or gratuitous publications Bathurst, Lamb, Robinson, Canning, circulated with incredible assiduity. Yorke, Wilbraham, Wilberforce, Dun- An executive committee of these sociedas, Rose, and Frank. It is difficult to ties planned and endeavoured to effect conceive that the persons whom we have an insurrection, so formidable from its named could have been induced to pro- numbers as to overpower all resistance. nounce a clear opinion on any but ade. With this view the members of the quate grounds : and exercised, as their committee endeavoured to foment the minds have been for years, in the dis- prevailing discontent in the metropolis, cussion of great questions, and in the and to frame lists of those who might be examination of evidence, and especially relied on for daring enterprise. The accustomed, as some of them have been, design was, by a sudden rising in the to regard with a wakeful jealousy the dead of the night, to overpower the purposes of the existing government, soldiers in the different barracks, which it cannot be admitted, for a moment, that were to be set on fire ; to seize the arti). they would have joined, without a dis- lery, seize or destroy the bridges, and senting voice, in a statement of facts take possession of the Bank and the such as we have now to detail, or in the Tower; and a machine was projected expression of the general opinion, of for clearing the streets of cavalry. which these facts are made the basis, This design was, however, relinquished unless the evidence had been decisive. shortly before the time fixed for its ex
The following is the substance of the ecution. It was determined first to report of the committee of secrecy, of ascertain their force, by means of meetthe house of commons :-From the ings convened ostensibly for legal obdocuments referred to them, it appears jects. Spa-fields was selected for these that attempts have been made, both meetings, on account of its vicinity to in the metropolis and various parts of the Bank and the Tower. Accordingly, the country, to take advantage of the inflammatory placards were circulated, existing distress to induce the labour calling on the people to arm, and to ing classes to look for relief, not only break open gunsmiths' shops in order to from annual parliaments and universal procure arms; “run," they add, “al? suffrage, but from the overthrow of constables who touch a man of us; no existing establishments, the extinction rise of Bread, no Regent, no Castlereagh of the public funds, and the division of --off with their heads! no placemen, land. The active promoters of these tithes, or enclosures; no taxes ; no views of spoliation have been societies, bishops, only useless lumber! Stand called Spencean; a name derived from a true, or be slaves for ever " A commitvisionary writer of the name of Spence, tee of public safety was now agreed who published a 'tract on the subject upon after the manner of the French about twenty years ago.
In the dis- Revolution ; and a tri-coloured flag and cussions which took place in these so- cockades were prepared and even discieties, it was maintained that even played at the first meeting on the 15th
parliamentary reform was a half mea- November. Acts of violence, though ( sure, and that nothing short of the land a few were committed, were discou
of the country would avail them; and raged on that day; and the meeting was that both landbolders and fundholders adjourned to the 2d of December, when were monsters to be hunted down; and it was hoped the means of iosurrection that the latter especially were rapacious would be matured. The meeting was wretches, who took 15d. out of every industriously advertised throughout the quartern loaf. The most blasphemous country, means used.to obtain subscrip doctrines were advanced and the most tions; the expense of emissaries, &c. blasphemous language used: songs of the having hitherto been defrayed chiefly most treasonable kind, as well as pro- by one individual; and active measures
were adopted for seducing the soldiers. have assembled in London, and are ex. The barracks were again reconnoitred pected again to assemble in March. If with a view to attack; the manufac- not in all, yet in far the greater pumber ture of tri-coloured ribbon was encou- of these clubs, and especially in those raged; the distressed districts were of Lancashire, Leicestershire, Nottingassiduously visited; warehouses con- hamshire, and Derbyshire, the comtaining arms, combustibles, and cloth- mittee are satisfied that nothing short ing, were marked; and pains taken to of a revolution is the object expected engage the sailors on the river on their and ayowed. The doctrines of the side. Arms were provided for some of Spencean Societies have also been the more active insurgents; and they widely diffused throughout the country, trusted soon to procure an adequate sup- by the formation of similar societies; or ply from the gunsmiths' shops. A large by missionaries employed to propagate quantity of pike-heads was ordered, and them, who are paid by means of a small 250 were actually made and delivered. weekly subscription of the members, The prisoners in the gaols were to be which also serves to buy seditious tracts. liberated and armed; and they were Some of these tracts inculcate, in an previously apprized of this intention, artful manner, the necessity of overturnand invited to rally round the tri-co- ing the privileged class, as distinguished loured standard, which would be erect- from the people, declare a new order ed on the ad December.
of things to be the will of the people, was hired, in which the flags and some justify rebellion, and disavow all reammunition were conveyed to the place ligion as well as loyalty. In answer to of meeting. From this wagon the most the question, "Would you live without inflammatory, speeches were made, gods or kings?” They answer, “We concluding with a call to redress their abjure tyranny of every kind." In short, own grievances. The tri-coloured cock- a part of the system is to undermine, ades were then assumed, and a tri-co- not only the habits of subordination, but Joured flag was displayed, which a num- the principles of morality and religion. ber of persons followed out of the field. The proceedings and speeches in the A body proceeded to the Tower, and societies are generally pointed to actual tried to induce the soldiers to open the insurrection ; and an idea seems to pregates ; but their numbers did not appear vail that some early day is to be fixed sufficiently strong to force them." An for a general rising. London is looked attack was made on the city magis- to for the signal; and it is a proof of the trates in the Royal Exchange, which existing conpexion, that in Manchester failed. In the way to these places, the and other places the greatest hopes were gunsmiths' shops were broken open and entertained from the meeting of the pluodered of arms. The committee are 2d of December, and the seizure of the fully persuaded that, however improba- Bank and Tower were confidently anble might be the success of such a plan, ticipated. The news of the result was it was not the ebullition of the moment, impatiently expected; crowds waited but the result of a deliberate plan of on the roads during the night for the men who calculated on the defection of arrival of the mail coach; and the disa the soldiery, and the general support of appointment was manifest when the the distressed; and that notwithstanding failure of the plot was known. The the failure of these expectations on the disaffected represent the numbers en2d of December, the same designs are rolled as amounting to several hundred still pursued with sanguine bopes of suc- thousand, and still increasing. They cess, In various parts of the country also keep a “ black book," with a list there is a widely diffused and increasing of those who refuse to join, and who are ramification of clubs, called Hampden marked for vengeance. In one county, Clubs, connected with one of the same where almost every village has its Hampa Dame in London, which have associated den Club, they profess to regard them. professedly for parliamentary reform, selves as of no use but to be ready to on the basis of universal suffrage and act when called upon. The secret card annual elections. These clubs, intended of admission contains the words, “ Be to include every village in the kingdom, ready; be steady." The habits of these are active in circulating publications persons seem changed. They already to promote their object, and procuring calculate on the division of the land, and sigaatures to petitions sent from Lon- the destruction of the churches. Predon. Delegates from the country clubs paratious are making for procaring CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 182.