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arms: all depots of arms are noted, and means of augmenting their numbers ;
the facility of converting implements of and to secure secrecy, besides the use of
husbandry into weapons of offence has atrocious oaths, care is taken to com-
been suggested. Similar associations municate as little as possible by writing,
have been extended to the manufactur- but chiefly by delegates. The late at.
ing population of Glasgow and other tack on the prince regent appears, to
towns of Scotland, which act in concert the lords' committee, to have resulted
with those in England, and have even from the systematic efforts that have
made some provision of weapons. The been made to destroy all reverence for
committee, however, observe, that not authority, and all sense of moral obliga-
withstanding the alarming progress of tion. This report closes also with an
this system of disaffection, its success opinion, that further provisions are ne-
has hitherto been confined to the prin- cessary for preserving the public peace,
cipal manufacturing districts, where and protecting the interests and happi-
the distress is more prevalent, and ness of every class of the community
numbers are more easily collected; that alike.
even in many of these privations have It is impossible to peruse these re-
been borne with exemplary patience, ports without a feeling of lively grati-
and the attempts of the disaffected tude to the Giver of all good, whose pro-
frustrated ; and that few, if any, of the vidential interference has averted the
higher and middle classes, and scarcely tremendous calamities which were about
any of the agricultural population, have to burst over our heads, and afforded
lent themselves to the more violent of us an opportunity of thus tranquilly
these projects. Great allowance must taking a retrospect of our perils, in all
be made for those who, under the their magnitude and extent, and also of
pressure of distress, have been led to

deliberating on the measures which it listen to demagogues holding out the may be expedient to pursue, with a view expectation of immediate relief; and it to obviate the still existing dangers. is to be hoped that many of them, whose With respect to these measures, we moral principles have not been extin- would rely on the wisdom and firmness guished or perverted, would withdraw of parliament; being well persuaded themselves before those projects were that no restraint, which the public safe. pushed to actual insurrection. But, ty may evidently require to be imposed with all these allowances, the committee on seditious meetings, nor any fresh cannot contemplate the activity and arts power with which it may prove neces. of the leaders; the numbers already se- sary for a time to arm the executive go. duced; the oaths by which many are vernment, will not be bailed by the rebound; the means suggested and pre- spectable and loyal part of the nation pared for forcibly attaining their ends, as a benefit, inasmuch as it will afford which are the overthrow of all the po- an additional security against the extralitical institutions of the kingdom, and vagances of jacobinical reform, and the such a subversion of the rights of pro- evils of proscription, pillage, and blood, perty as must lead to general pillage with which we have been, or still are, and bloodshed; without submitting to threatened.-We need bardly observe the serious attention of the house the how incumbent an obligation the cirdangers of the crisis, and which the ut- cumstances of the times impose on all most vigilance of the government, under Christians to exert themselves in oppothe existing laws, has been found ina- sition to the mischievous arts of those dequate to prevent.

enemies, both of our present peace and The report of the secret committee of future happiness, who are employing the house of lords agrees substantially themselves with such activity, by their with that of the house of commons. it emissaries and their writings, not only states, that had the riot of the 2d of in inflaming the public mind to acts of December been more successful, it treason and violence, but in underminwould have been the signal for a more ing all those great and sacred principles general rising in other parts of the of religion and morals, and all those socountry, but that now it appears the cial and civil charities, by which the very prevailing impression among the leading frame and structure of society are upmalecontents, that it is expedient to wait held, the corruptions of mankind are till the whole kingdom shall be com- rectified, and their miseries alleviated. pletely organized and ripe for action. We rejoice to perceive that this call has Intimidation is stated to be a powerful been anticipated. The governing body


of the Wesleyan Methodists have come exceed a million. They are the fruit of forward with a prompt and manly de- the great exertions made by the Hampclaration of their abhorrence of the den Clubs already spoken of. The dislate proceedings, and with the most cussions to which these petitions have pointed injunctions to all under their given birth have served to develop the influence to maintain their loyalty un- views entertained on this important subimpaired. We anticipate the best ef- ject, by many of the leading characters fects from this step, which, we trust, in parliament, and have produced schisms will be imitated by other religious bodies. among those who have been in the habit A spirited tract has also appeared from of advocating the cause of reform. It the pen of the Rev. Melville Horne, was indeed to have been expected, that entitled, “ A Word for my Country,' the extravagances and absurdities of (published by Mr. Hatchard,) which many of the petitioners, and of those cannot be too extensively circulated. It who, either from the press or in parliais sold for 55. a dozen. A paper, en- ment, supported similar views, combined titled Anti-Cobbett, extracted from the with the disorderly and seditious spirit pages of the newspaper, called “ The which had been manifested at some pubDay or New Times," has also been wide- lic meetings, would not only alarm timid ly disseminated, and similar efforts will men, but would tend to moderate the doubtless be made in other quarters. ardour of all, however bold and fearless, And while such efforts are unremittingly who preferred our present state of enmade to counteract the spirit of revolt joyment and security, with its 'anoand insurrection, let our attention to the inalies and imperfections, to the dissowants of the poor be increased, and no Jution of all the bonds of society, which Jabours nor sacrifices be omitted which must follow the adoption of the wild may contribute to their temporal relief, and anarchical principles of late become or to the diffusion among them of scrip- so popular. Lord Grey, with that mantural knowledge and sound religious liness of character which belongs to principles. It is on these we must mainly bim, and wbich does him so much horely for the maintenance of the throne nour, has avowed a great change in his and the altar- and we may read, in the views of this subject, since he brought it inveterate hostility of our demagogues before parliament in 1793; and though to rehgion, its best and highest com- still decidedly favourable to measures of mendation as the safeguard of all that reform, he is by no means disposed to is sacred among us--of our public insti- go the same lengths he would have done tutions, of our private rights, of our do- at an age when his hope was more sanmestic comforts, of our present security, guine, and innovation was less dreaded. and of our future hopes.

Mr. Brougham, Mr. Brand, and others, In consequence of the light which in the house of commons, likewise disa has been thrown on the designs of the claimed any participation in the wild disaffected, various individuals (six or and visionary projects which form the seven) have been arrested, and have un- main burden of the late petitions--andergone examinations before the privy nual parliaments, and universal suff age; council. Four or five of these have been and are disposed to limit their views committed to the Tower, on a charge of to the correction of palpable abuses, high treason; and among them Watson and not to extend them to the dan. and Hooper, who had been already tried gerous expedient of recasting the very at the Old Bailey, for taking part in the frame of parliament. The subject is riot on the 2d of December, and ac- likely soon to undergo a 'very full quitted ; and Preston, the Secretary of discussion ; but it is to be presumed the Spencean Society, who had been pre- that, in the state of feeling naturally exviously discharged for want of proof. cited by recent occurrences, there will

The table of the house of commons be a prevalent disinclination to entera has beed loaded with petitions for par- tain any propositions for parliamentary liamentary reform, most of them claim- reform, however modified. ing, as the right of the people, annual In conséquence of the 'recommendan elections and the universal extension of tion on the subject of retreachment, the elective franchise. Many petitions, contained in the speech from the throne, having been drawn up in terms of studi- a committee has been appointed by the ed insolt towards the house of commons, house of commons, to consider the puba were rejected; but of those which have lic income and expenditure, and the reo been received the signatures are said to ductions of which the latter is susceptible. In moving for this committee, The following Form of Prayer and Lord Castlereagh observed, that it was Thanksgiving, for the Preservation of intended by government to propose the the Prince Regent, was ordered to be reduction of the army from 99,000 to used at Morning and Evening Ser81,000 men, exclusive of the military vice, after the General Thanksgiving, in force in France and India, which was all churches and chapels in London, og not paid by this country. The diminu- the 9th instant, and in all others on the tion of expense in this department, Sunday after received :including the ordnance, would be “Merciful God, who, in compassion to a 1,784,000l. In the paval service, the

sinful nation, hast defeated the designs of des

perate men, and hast protected from the base reduction of the expense would be and barbarous assaults of a lawless multitude 3,717,0001. and in the miscellaneous the Regent of this United Kingdom, accept our services about a million. The total of thee, thy protection of his royal person. Shield

praise and thanksgiving ; conunue, we implore the charge for these various services, him from the arrow that flieth by day, and from in the present year, would be about

the pestilence that walketh in darkness; from the

secret designs of treason, and from the madness 18,373,0001. He announced the gene- of the people. rous intention of the prince regeot to

" And whilst we pray for thy mercy and prorelinquish 50,0001. of his income, in con

tection, give us grace, o God, to perceive and know

what things we ought to do; lest, in patient of sideration of the heavy pressure which present evils, and unmindful of thy manifold goodweighed on the country generally at the ness, we seek relief where relief cannot be found,

and abandon those never-failing sources of national present moment; and of his official ser

prosperity and happiness-obedience to thy comvants to give up a tenth part of their mandments, and the fear of thy holy Name. salaries. On a subsequent occasion, he

“ These prayers and praises we humbly offer to

thy Divine Majesty, in the name and through the intimated that Lord Camden had vo

médiation of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Iuntarily proposed to limit the large Amen." emoluments of his office of teller of the In our volume for 1812, p. 638, and in exchequer, to the sum of 2,5001. a year, that for 1814, p. 774, we have ioserted probably not more than a tenth of what some remarks on the style and character it has lately yielded. Various other of- of our occasional state prayers and ficial retrenchments have also been no- thanksgivings, many of which appear to tified as either already accomplished, or us to apply to the above composition. about to be carried into effect, amount- It is not our purpose, however, to ening to upwards of 50,0001. a year;-and large on this topic, but merely to ex

hese first fruits of a general system of press our regret that some less general economy will doubtless prove only the expression than that of the people," prelude to farther reductious. In short, had not been employed to designate there appears, both in government and those whose madness and folly might in parliament, a sincere desire to light lead them to entertain designs hostile to en, as far as may be consistent with the the person of the prince regent. It public safety and with justice to indi. would imply a far wider prevalence of viduals, the burdens which press upon a disloyal spirit than we believe to exist the community.

among us.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. We regret the disappointment which many authors must experience from their

works not being announced; but we beg to repeat, that the potices, in order to

be inserted, should be in our hands before the 20th day of each month. A.C.; LAICUS ; I.N.C.; T. Scott; N. T.; I.W.; ***; G.C.G.; E. P.S.; H.S.

and PAULINUS; will appear. S.; C. C. G.; CANDIDUS; ANGELA ; and TRADESMAN; are under consider.

ation. We should have willingly complied with Mr. Weyland's request to insert his

second letter, had we admitted, as in the former instance, the justice of the complaint contained in it; but as we should feel it necessary to dispute his positions, and that at some length, we must decline its insertion. He complains of the delay in publishing his former letter. In truth, we were simple enough to think that we were doing him a kindness by the delay; and we expected that, when he had read the whole review, he would have wished at least to modify

his criticisms. So widely different are the views of authors and reviewers! We still think we have reason to regard the communication of the NORTHERN

Vicar as both unfair and uncandid. We willingly acquit bim, at the same time, of any other than a friendly intention. If it will be any satisfaction to bim, we repeat, that the sentiments of Candidus on the subject of Novel Reading are not our sentiments. We beg a SINCERE FRIEND to believe that we can cheerfully endure persecution

for the truth's sake,

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nister, from whatever cause,

has To the Editor of the Christian Observer.

not been faithful in preaching the There is no duty more frequently Gospel in its full meaning and exurged upon young divines, by their tent, this may sometimes be the elder friends and brethren, than that case ; but in a parish differently of avoiding the fear of man. I ful- circumstanced, and where the proly admit the great necessity and session of religion is more common, propriety of the advice, and have the advice by no means assumes a to regret only that a somewhat province sufficiently extensive. The more distinct specification of the dangers of a pious minister ostenevils to be shunned does not accoin- sibly begin with bis enemies, but pany the injunction.

they frequently end with his When a young clergyman, upon friends ; and in every view of the entering a scene of important mi. subject, the fear of man is as often nisterial labours, is told, that “the likely to bring a snare in the latter sear of inan bringeth a snare," what, case as in the former. I thus desir, is usually intended by bis friend, duce the proposition : and understood by himself, to be Imagine a country town or vilthe full purport of the observation ? lage in which religion, if attended Why, evidently, that he is not to to at all, is evidently little more shrink from a conscientious promul. than " a name to live while men gation of his theological principles; are dead,” a “ form of godliness that he is boldly to rebuke vice ; without the power.” A minister of that he is not to connive at formal active piety, we will suppose, unity or fashionable error ; that be is dertakes a cure of this description, to dispense to his parishioners “ the impressed as he ought to be with whole counsel of God” with faith- the importance of the above-menfulness, and zeal, and simplicity ; tioned maxim, and determined by that he is to make no sacrifice to the grace of God to put it into the world, or to expediency, or to practice. In such a case, sir, I personal interest; but is to per fully acknowledge that much relisist in a firm and frank avowal of gious firmness, and a strong and Christian truth, not excepting the permanent sense of the power

and most unpopular and painiul topics presence of God, and the responof his responsible vocation.

sibility of his own sacred vocation, Now, sir, all this advice is ex. are requisite to keep him fixed in cellent as far as it extends : but it this arduous resolution. I readily is not suficiently specific to meet admit, while I deeply regret, that soine of the peculiar exigencies of the temptations of the world, and the present times. Tbe adviser the desire, perhaps, of being acevidently takes for granted, that all ceptable to many of his respectable, the danger to a young divine of though not religious, parishioners, piety, is in the quarter of worldli- may have an influence on his mind, ness and irreligion. Upon entering which it will require no small share a parish where the preceding mi- of Divine grace and self-denial to CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 183,



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I freely allow that to nates in the formal and worldly part be, like Milton's angel, faithful of their parishioners. where all around are unfaithful, is But the fear of what is called no easy task ; and that in the case " the religious world” is oftentimes under consideration there is much, a principle far more dangerous and very much, to cause an unholy fear delusive. It is much easier to of man, and to render a constant stem irreligious bostility, than to recurrence to the above advice guard against the wish of pleasing highly desirable and salutary. those who, though pious, are in.

Yet, on the other hand, all these discreet, and would unintentionally difficulties will usually meet with a lead their minister to peculiarities counterpoise. Setting aside, for a

Setting aside, for a and excesses of doctrine and conmoment, the powerful influence of duct by no means consistent with genuine piety, in raising a minister his own personal sentiments and above the fear of irreligious men; feelings. The persecution of the the natural ardour of the human world usually braces the mind, and mind in pursuit of a favourite ob- urges "the sufferer to repose upon ject, and sometimes, perhaps, a the bosom of bis Omnipotent Sasort of controversial pertinacity viour for protection; but the fear of blending itself with really religious displeasing a really religious, though zeal, will prevent our young divine somewhat bot-beaded and il-judgfrom going over to the enemy. ing friend, enervates the soul of a There is a conscious feeling of minister, and renders bim doubly dignity and manliness in speaking susceptible of the attacks of our one's mind, which, added to a de- spiritual enemy. sire of obtaining the approbation Let us again imagine, for the of religious friends, will often add sake of example, that a devout an unwonted stimulus even to a wa- clergyman, after a few years resivering character. To many minds dence in such a parish as was be. also, there is a pleasure in being fore described, begins to find that known and spoken of, even though opposition to the peculiarities of the notice be accompanied with the Gospel has nearly subsided, considerable marks of wonder and and that it has even become a redisapprobation. In addition to spectable thing to profess a some. these dubious motives, others of a what bigb tone of religion. Here, better description will often com- then, the snare against which the bine to check the fear of man in young divine was more immediately the inculcation of religious truth. guarded, has ceased to operate; and A love for the Gospel, a real de he, perbaps, even gains credit and sire for the saivation of men, a popularity by his plainness of batred to the sins and vanities of speech and manliness of conduct. the world, a dread of being found in the course of his ministerial unfaithful at the last day, a de- labours he has, probably, become pendence upon the Spirit of God gradually encircled with a number for strength and assistance, will all of religious friends, who cherish tend to prevent the fear of irreli- and animate him in proportion to giuus men assuming much influence bis faithfulness and zeal, and whe over the mind of a deeply pious would be the first to observe and young minister. Indeed, it is ra- reprebend any degree of worldly ther more usual, upon the whole, concession either in his principles to observe persons of this descrip- or conduct. Thus surrounded and tion somewhat unadvised or un- supported, it is not very probable seasonable in their language and that he should willingly embitter conduct, than absolutely shrinking his own peace, and wound the from that portion of the reproach minds of his friends, from fear of of the Cross of Christ which origi- those with whom he has compara

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