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the additions of harvest-time, may be “ Were these habits general, how litaveraged at 12s. per week, from the age tle comparative distress would the apof eighteen. Half that sum is amply pearance of society exhibit! Marriage, sufficient for the support of a single by being a short time delayed, would be man. This would leave an overplus of more prudent and happier ; population 68: per week for seven years : but, to would more equally adapt itself to the avoid any appearance of overstating demand for labour; labour, therefore, the fact, and to allow for lost time, we would be paid in more exact proportion will only take 48. or 102 per ann. which, to the real value of money ; fewer would if regularly laid up, would, with in- be necessarily idle ; and that great emterést, make 801. by the age of twenty- bitterer of domestic life, irremediable five. "Allow the mechanic to work for poverty, or indigence, would be seldom himself at twenty-one, his higher rate of known. Only those distresses would wages will enable bim. to save 10s. meet our view, which are the common weekly, or 211. per ann. The careful lot of all ranks and conditions; and application of this surplus will also there are many, no doubt, which neither make him worth the same sum at prudence cap prevent nor fortune cure." twenty-five.
Sumner, vol. Il. pp. 313-317. * Allow this to be the period of marriage, which is much earlier than the average period of those who are brought up to the learned professions: it is The economy, then, of human probable, that by similar habits the wife society is plainly such as might, may contribute such a share of capital as will supply the cottage with its hum
even if the world were not under a ble furniture. At all events, they live
curse, nor its inhabitants chargeable without difficulty, even if without far- with rebellion, clear the goodness of ther saving, for four or five years ; the the Deity from all imputation resultinterest of former savings paying the ing from the existence of those nurent, and thus removing the necessity of
merous evils,natural,moral, and civil, those extraordinary exertions, which in the way of task-work sometimes under- which we experience. How much mine the constitutions of the industrious more, then, is that goodness exalted poor. If the family increases alter this
and magnified,wben our real relation time, difficulties will increase. This is to the Deity is taken into the conthe period of a labourer's life which it sideration ; when, though we have is hardest to encounter, from his thirtieth to his fortieth year: it is the in- ourselves introduced evil into his clement season, which ought to be ex, perfect system, it appears that bis pected and looked forward to. Before overruling Providence in the gothat period, he has only occasion to be frugal; after it, his children will begia employed in turning it into good!
vernment of society is continually to support themselves: but at.present, an infant family will prevent the wife
The contemplation of a Being from contributing much towards the thus perfect in wisdom and goodweekly outgoings; and the children ness, is a privilege and a pleasure themselves can gain nothing towards which nome, who bare tasted it, them. Former savings, therefore, the would be content to lose. Besides, harvest of the productive season, must now be drawn upon : but they were laid
there are some qualities which have up for this very purpose, and we can
a tendency to produce their like afford it. Let 5s, a week be taken from in all who contemplate them frethe four dead months of the year; those quently. The very company of a who are conversant with the labourer's wise man is likely to improve us cottage, will know that 58. In addition to his usual wages will place him in com
in wisdom; and not even the worst parative opulence; and suppose this
of men can regard and appreciate draft to be continued during ten years, goodness in others, without feeling the capital has only lost 401. From that ihe charm, and catching some portime the children contribute their share; tion of the love of it. What, then, the family ceases to be a growing bur
must be the natural result of making den; and there remains a stock towards setting forward the children in life, or
our hourly meditations upon a Betrisupply some of the nuinerous wants ing wbo is absolute in both perfecof increasing years.
tions ? Surely, if there be any one
thing better qualified than others three affections will naturally be by nature, to improve us in wisdom kindled in us in proportion to the and goodness, it must be the con- frequency, the intenseness, and the templation of a Being who is the purity of our meditations upon his source and pattern of both: nor do attributes-mthose heavenly attriwe disparage the work of Divine butes which are inscribed in legible grace by saying so; for it is only in characters upon the volume of dependence on Divine grace, and Nature, but which are then only by the guidance of the Holy Spirit, seen in perfect beauty wben viewed that we can come to God so as through the medium of the everrightly to study the perfections of lasting Gospel. his character.
It must be recollected, however, The tiine, therefore, which has that a bare belief of these truths, been or may be bestowed upon without frequent meditation upon these speculations, is by no means them, will never produce these efthrown away. By leading us to fects. It will lie dormant in the survey the works of God in con- mind, and will have no other innexion with their great Author, fluence upon the conduct than they familiarize us to the notion, would be produced by some abnot simply of his existence and pre- stract maxim in geometry. sence with us, but of all bis adorable On the other hand, by frequent perfections; and familiarity (with meditation upon his perfections, humble reverence be it spoken!) is and a continued exercise of those one leading cause of resemblance. affections which they are calcula
But yet further: all the perfec- ted to inspire, we shall gradually, tions of the Godhead bring with through the Divine blessing upon them their correspondent duties. these hallowed employments, imIf the Being whom we are contem- prove in the love, and may conseplating be all powerful, surely we quently acquire sometbing even of ought and must be disposed to fear the likeness of God; till at length, him above all things; if he be all- in the words of St. John, we are wise, he deserves our highest re- advanced to be indeed like him, verence; if he be all-,00d, he for “ we shall see Him as He is." claims our purest love: and these
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
in the Press :-Pompeiana, being Ob- Earl of Liverpool, on the National Welservations on Pompeii
, with Engravings, fare as connected with the Church of by Sir W. Gell, and J. B. Gandey, England, Education, Police, PopulaEsq.;-Illustrations of the History of tion, &c.;-Gethsemane, or Thoughts the Expedition of Cyrus, and Retreat on the Sufferings of Christ, by the of the Ten Thousand, with Maps, by author of the Guide to Domestic HapMajor Rennell;An Account of the piness ;-Boarding School CorrespondIsland of Java, by T. S. Raffles, Esq. ence, a joint production of Mrs. Taylor, late Lieutenant-Governor, with Maps author of Maternal Solicitude, &c. and and Plates ;-A Dictionary, Hindoo- Miss Taylor, author of Display, Essays stanee and English, by J. Shakespeare, in Rhyme, &c.;-A work of wholeEsq. Professor of Oriental Languages at length Portraits of celebrated English-, Addiscombe ;-A Course of Lectures on men, with Biographical Memoirs, by the Church Catechism, by the Rev. Mr. C. Dyer ;-A translation of Dr. Sir Adam Gordon, Bart. ;-A Second Outram's Dissertation on Sacrifices, by Letter from the Rev. R. Yates to the Mr. Allen ;--Sermons, chiefly designed
for the use of families, 2 vols. 8vo. by view of connecting the trigonometrical John Fawcett, A.M. Rector of Scaleby, surveys of the two countries, and thus not and Curate of St.Cuthbert's, Carlisle ;- only attaining a greater degree of geoAn Appeal to Men of Wisdom and Can- graphical accuracy, but obtaining, perdour, in Four Discourses, preached be- haps, a more satisfactory solution of the fore the University of Cambridge, in problem respecting the true figure of November, 1815, by the Rev. Charles the earth. The French gentlemen apSimeon, M. A. Fellow of King's Col. pointed to attend Colonel Mudge are ege, Cambridge; also, a new edition M. Biot and M. Arago. in octavo, of his Four Discourses on the Four new and hitherto non-descript Excellency of the Liturgy, to which species of deer, are now exhibiting in is added, Christ Crucified, a Sermon the King's Mews Riding-house. They preached before the University of Cam- have been brought from the Upper bridge ;-A Key to the Old Testa- Missouri country in North America. ment, or a summary View of its several A stone is said to have been lately Books, by the Rev. Henry Rutter ;-A found at Pompeii, on wbich the linear new edition of the Rev. J. Scott's In
measures of the Romans are engraved. quiry into the Effects of Baptism, with
Chimney Sweeping. an Appendix, which may be had sepa- The Committee of the Society for rate, and a Defence of the Principles preventing the necessity of employing of his Inquiry, in Reply to the Rev. climbing boys in sweeping chimneys, Dr, Laurence.
congratulate the public on the satis
factory results of the meeting held in We are happy to perceive, that while June last at the Mansion-house. The the advocates of sedition and irreligion attention of the public and of parliaare assiduously circulating their pesti- ment has thereby been called to the lent and poisonous productions ainong subject. In the mean time, the Comthe lower classes of the community, the mittee are using every effort in their friends of truth and good order are not power to diffuse the knowledge, and idle. The revered author of the Cheap induce the adoption, of the method of Repository Tracts has resumed the pen cleansing chimneys by mechanical which rendered such signal service to means, which they think may in every the community at a former period of case be safely and effectually substituted " rebuke and blasphemy," and has pro- for infantine labour, the total abolition duced several pieces admirably adapted of which is the prime object of the Soto counteract the noxious influence of ciety. The practice itself they justly the efforts to which we have alluded. consider as abhorrent to the best feelings These pieces have been printed in a of human nature, especially when it is very cheap form, and may be obtained recollected, that children of four years for distribution in any numbers, either old and upwards, who are its victims, of the publisher of this work, or of Mr. can bave no option as to embarking Evans, Long-lane, Smithfield. We re, 6 in this horrid trade,” Many of the commend this object to the attention persons engaged in this trade have of those whom God has blessed with agreed to use the mechanical means the means of doing good. Several small pointed out by the Society, the Society tracts of a beneficial tendency have also on that engagement furnishing each of been published by Mr. Seeley, 169, them with a complete machine at half Fleet-street, expressly with a view to its cost. It is a remarkable fact, that counteract the mischievous attempts the practice itself, which is now sought that are made to delude the poor at the to be abolished, is not more than a cenpresent season of distress, and in the tury old even in this country. It has hope that the loyal throughout the king- only been introduced within the last dom will endeavour to promote their twenty or thirty years in Edinburgh, circulation.
and during the same period has been The trigonometrical survey of Great gaining ground in the United States. Britain, under the directions of the Ord. But with the exception of Paris, where pance Board, proceeds without interrup- it has been partially adopted, it is said tion. The maps of about three-fifths of to be wholly unknown on the Continent England and Wales are already comple- of Europe. The existing act of parliated. In the course of the summer, the Bri- ment imposes penalties on masters for tish surveyors are to be joined by two employing servants or apprentices uneminent French Academicians, with a der eight years of age ; for not causing
them to wear a cap with the name and condemnation of the East-India College,
in the persons who immediately super
intend them : these persons have power Major-General Pates, an officer in the to punish delinquents even by expulEast-India Company's service, has pre- sion : and it is obvious, to every wellsented to the Company a commodious educated man, that without this power chapel, at Masulipatam, built at his regularity and order cannot be mainsole expense, which is said to have cost tained. Inferior punishments, unless 40,000 pagodas.
rendered effective by the fear of expulEast-India College.
sion, are childish and contemptible. In Several debates have lately taken the East-India College, the Directors place in the East-India Court of Pro- alone were till lately the dominant body. prietors, on the subject of their college However flagrant might be the outrages in Hertfordshire. Many charges have of the young men, and however systebeen advanced, of which the tendency matic their violations of order, in no is to bring that seminary into disrepute, case could the offender be removed exand to prepare the way, either for a
cept by the determination of the Court; great change in the system, or for the —of that Court, which often consisted entire subversion of the institution. of the near relatives or guardians of the The proposition founded upon these delinquents themselves, and always of charges was rejected by the Court: and their patrons; and which, in more inon a review of the case, we have no dif- stances than one, restored and sent out ficulty in saying that it was properly to lodia the very persons whom its own rejected. Under the present circum- sentence had formally expelled. Hence stances of our Indian empire, it seems arose, of necessity, a spirit of insuborto be generally admitted, that the civil dination. It was created and cherished servants of the Company ought to be by the system; and although the power qualified, both by knowledge and good of enforcing discipline has at length principles, for the various offices of the been conceded to the gentlemen of the state. This object cannot be attained institution, so tardy has been the conwithout an appropriate institution: and cession, so violent is the animosity the establishments at Hertford and Cal- against the college which seems to exist cutta, if placed under proper regula- among some members of the East-India tions, are well suited to the purpose. Company, and of course so prevalent
The great argument against the col- among the students will be the opinion lege in this country, is derived from the of its instability, that the effects of the alleged irregularities of the students. old system will probably long be felt. We much fear, that, after every precau.
The recent debates are, on some action, irregularities will still be found at counts, very likely to increase the evil: all places of public education: and how- and we shall never look upon the instiever desirable it may be to introduce a tution as permanently established, till system of absolute perfection, no system the students shall possess the entire las yet been devised which is calcu- conviction that no interest in Leadenlated to realize the hope. Some of the hall-street will shield them from the reasons which have been advanced in punishment of their demerits. To those
etually select he total 1
o the best iecially as ren of les ) are its as to ens
this trade i zechanical
rkable fact ich is nora
more than a Counter,
within the s in Edit
period has : United of Paris
, 1 dopted
, its' on the Com ng act din 5 on Master
apprentis : i for not
who wish for a full and luminous state- less we hear of much better arguments ment of the whole question, we strongly against it than those which have been recommend the pamphlet recently pub- produced in the Court of Proprietors, lished by Mr. Malthus: it is written we shall continue to esteem it conclusive with the characteristic good sense and upon the subject. moderation of that gentlen an; and un
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