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1817.) View of Public AffairsContinental Intelligence. 275 try customs and sips; yet some may be that there was a visible improvement in go touched and affected, that they may the appearance of the whole country, in become blessings to Africa."

the last seven or eight years; and attri“ I am now sitting in my bed-room, buted this, in some degree, to the exerin the midst of heathen nations; and yet tions of the missionaries in educating the hear, on every side, the praises of Jesus ! children. Probably much is also owing The boys in the church are singing to the abolition of the slave trade. psalms together; and the girls are doing The land is more cultivated, and the the same with Mrs. Renner."

manders of the people are become less 6 Mr. Fernandez said he was satisfied savage.”

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

TAE French chambers closed their ses- nished. The prince is said to be very sion on the 26th of March. About the popular, both in the army and with the same time a considerable disturbance community at large. took place at Paris, in consequence of The king of Prussia has appointed a the representation of a new tragedy, council of state, comprising all his great called Germanicus, written by a dis- civil and military officers, and a pumtinguished adherent of Bonaparte, and ber of other persons. From among the which appears to have called forth a members of this council, he has named a strong burst of popular feeling in favour committee, who are to associate with of that exiled chief. It was repressed, themselves natives of the different prothough with some difficulty, by the vi- vinces, and then proceed to the framing gour of the police; yet what occurred of a constitution for Prussia. Among on this occasion has tended strongly to the members of the committee are seconfirm the suspicion which has been veral individuals distinguished for their entertained, that the acquiescence of enlarged and liberal views on subjects the French in the existing form of go- of general policy, a circumstance which vernment has been the effect of com- augurs favourably for the result of their pulsion, and not the effect of general labours. and cordial attachment. Assuredly, if On the 4th of March, Mr. Monroe, the suspicion be well founded, it fur- the new President of the United states, nishes strong reasons for unabated vigi- entered on his office. In his inaugural lance, on the part of the other powers speech, he drew a flattering view of of Europe, lest fresh revolutionary their general condition, political and movements should again convulse the financial, agricultural and commercial. world.

While he very strongly recommends the la Sweden, a conspiracy is said to requisite security against possible danhave been formed among some discon- gers from abroad, he declares "peace tented nobles, to assassinate the crown to be most consistent with the prosperity prince, formerly the General Berna- and happiness of the nation, and exdotte, and to raise the son of their late presses his sincere desire to preserve it monarch to the throne. The cause as- on just principles with all nations, claimsigned for this conspiracy is one verying nothing unreasonable of any and honourable to the crown prince; name. rendering to each what is due." The ly, the disaffection excited by the wise new President's cabinet is to consist of and liberal policy which he has pur- John Quincy Adams, secretary of state; sued, of raising the community at large W.H. Crawford, secretary of the treato its due share of that power and in- sury; Isaac Shelly, secretary of war; fluence in the state which have hither- and Mr. Crowninshield, secretary of the to been engrossed almost entirely by navy: the nobles, who even claim the right of A letter addressed by the pope to the filling all offices, civil and military, to archbishop of Gnezn, in Poland, on the the exclusion of the other classes. This subject of Bible Societies, has been reblow, aimed at the crown prince, has, cently given to the public, and has exhowever, for the present, been defeated cited much interest. We reserve, till a by a timely discovery of the design of future Number, our remarks on this imthe conspirators; some of whom are portant document. said to have been arrested, and one ba- The foreiga gazettes exhibit a melan,

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choly picture of the distress prevailing ticity is dubious, and as no part of the in various parts of southern Europe. examinations has as yet been suffered Famine, and its usual attendant, Pesti- to transpire. Some disturbances have lence, appear to be making dreadful ra. also taken place in the neighbourhood vages. Let us be thankful for our lot. of Carlisle. A lawless mob commit

Parliament adjourned on the 31st of ted several acts of violence, breaking March, for the Easter holidays; but, into mills and houses, and plundering in consequence of the illness of the them ; but it was suppressed by the cispeaker, the adjournment was prolonge vil power, and some of the rioters have ed to the 24th instant, when, we are been arrested.-Six Luddites, convicted happy to say, he was sufficiently reco- at the last Leicester assizes, and convered to resume the chair which he has demned to die, have suffered the awful so long filled with honour to himself, sa- sentence of the law.

Their unhappy tisfaction to all parties in the house, fate seems to have struck a salutary ter. and advantage to the nation. On the ror into the minds of those who had been day of meeting, the chancellor of the leagued with them in their atrocious exchequer announced the intention of plans; and there have, of late, been do government to appropriate from one to attempts at frame-breaking.-In Iretwo millions of exchequer bills to the land it has been found necessary to depatriotic object of finding employment clare, by royal proclamation, a part of for the labouring classes, by promoting the county of Kildare, and of King's works of national utility.

county, to be in a state of disturbance. It had been intended to observe the Perhaps the most remarkable occur23d instant, St. George's day, as the rence which we have to record is, the birth-day of the prince regent, and pre- flight of Cobbett to the United States. parations had been made for celebrating He embarked, with his family, on board it with great pomp.

But the sudden an American ship at Liverpool, from indisposition of the queen, on the moru- which place he took his departure, about ing of that day, frustrated this intention. the close of the last month. He kept We are happy to add, that the severity his intentions secret until he was actual. of her majesty's illness was but of shortly on board the ship. This renders it duration, and that she is now stated to probable that the true, perhaps the onbe recovering from it.

ly, cause of his flight was, the dread of A deep-laid plot, for the general de- an exchequer process issued at the instruction of property, is said to have stance of the Stamp-office, for duties on existed at Manchester, and to have his weekly pamphlet, to the amount, been on the very eve of exploding, as is said, of 18,0001. He himself, of when discovered and defeated by the course, attributes his voyage to a very vigilance of the magistrates. A num- different cause. "I and mine,” he says, ber of persons have been arrested and 66 will not live under a government have brought up to London, where they have ing the absolute power to imprisop us at undergone long private examinations. its pleasure ; and, if we can avoid it, We forbear from giving any of the de- we will neither live nor die under such tails which have appeared in the public an order of things." " When this order papers, respecting the designs and plans of things shall cease to exist, then shali of the conspirators, as their authen. I again see England.”

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ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

We agree with A Country READER in the view he has taken of a practice pre

valent in certain assemblies; and yet we feel some difficulty in making it the subject of public discussion. T. S.; Exco BirOR; T. B.; M. ; EPIPHANIUS; and OLD CHURCH, will appear. *S*; J. 0. Z.; Theognis ; F.; F. H. ; S. S.; are under consideration. We should be glad to see the remainder of the essay of CERETICUS before we dem

cide the point he has submitted to us. Y. Z. has pot quoted us accurately. We confined our remark to French wine. We can assure ASEVIa, that he is incorrect in supposing that we treated with

" marked,” or with any “ neglect,” the verses to which he alludes. We consi

dered them with great care and attention. We think that Messrs. Wright and Son should themselves authenticate the facts

they state.

CHRISTIAN OBSERVER.

[FROM THE LONDON EDITION.]

No. 185.]

MAY, 1817.

[No. 5. Vol. XVI.

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

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To the Editor of the Christian Observer. tural fruit of the latter; and the The following letter from latter cannot be maintained with father to his son, the im- out the former. But there are de: portant subject of worldly con- grees in most things; and both formity, appears to be so well points, therefore, may be often adapted to promote the design of substantially attained where there your miscellany, that I submit it is a mixture of much imperfection. to your consideration, in the con- To sit down, however, satisfied fidence of its early insertion.

S.

with imperfection is incompatible

with the very essence of ChristianMy dear R-,

ity; which requires us constantly I told you I meditated a letter to aim at the highest standard, of some importance. Your years and to make it our unremitting enof education are over-you have deavour to be perfect, even as our entered into life

your own

Father which is in heaven is permaster--and it is now my intention fect. If we thus act with the deto bring under your view the con- vout spirit, humility, earnestness, siderations which bear upon the simplicity, and sincerity of true choice of such a plan and course followers of our blessed Saviour, of action on setting out in life, as he will mercifully pardon our de may be most conducive to your fects, and lead us on towards own welfare, and that of your con- higher attainments ; neither of nexions, both here and hereafter. which have we any scriptural right Mistakes in this point are not only to expect while our aim and desire attended by present danger, but are bounded by any thing short of are productive of future difficulties, Christian perfection. and threaten wide-spreading mis- You will, I fear, think this exchief.

ordium long, but I must make it First, then, the great object still longer: for, in order to see that object compared with which what “ conversation” becomes a all others so shrink into insignifi- Christian, we must call to mind cance, that in Scripture it is em- what is bis “calling;"-how expbatically called “the one thing alted, how far removed from the needful”-is to be a Christian, low and mean standard of those and to lead a life befitting a Chris- who are Christians in name onlý, tian. The latter of these duties or who, if Christians indeed, are of was contemplated by the Apostle, so equivocal a character, that at in his call on all who bore the best they build only with hay, Christian name to consider what straw, stubble ; and if saved at all, manner of persons they ought to must be saved “ 90 as by fire." A be in all holy conversation (mean. Christian is called “out of the ing, by that term, our conduct in world” to have fellowship with social life) and godliness. The God; while the world, notwithtwo obligations are most intimately standing all specious appearances, bonnected. The former is the na- is represented as under the power CHRIST. OBServ, No. 185,

20

of Satan. The change thus the devil and his angels are repre-
wrought in him is described as sented as full of wiles, and as exert-
a change “from darkness to light;" ing them all to give to those temp-
and the strongest images are every tations the victory over us.
where used in Scripture to set forth Let us consider these points
his happiness, and the misery and more distinctly.
criminality of those who have not, The world is engaged, as far at
like him, escaped from the snares

least as

common prudence will and the pollutions which abound permit, in indulging the propensiamong the great body of mankind. ties and appetites natural to man; He is spoken of as “an heir of and its familiar maxims, and exHeaven,” and as sitting even now pressions of taste and feeling, bear " in heavenly places in Christ the stamp of this its course.

Now, Jesus." They, on the contrary, are the great effort of Christians is to represented as under the Divine emancipate themselves from the wrath; and, while living “ accord- dominion of those appetites and ing to the course of this world,” propensities ; to " keep the body are said to live under the immedi- under, and bring it into subjecate influence of “the spirit that tion;" and "to crucify the flesh now worketh in the children of dis- with its affections and lusts." obedience." (Eph. ii. 2.)

Surely, therefore, such persons We cannot, then, be surprised should avoid those who pursue

the that a just and holy God should opposite course, as far, at least, as make so wide a difference between is consistent with the business and these two classes, when we reflect the charities of life. If they do not, that, however they may often agree they will almost infallibly wander in inferior points, yet in their lead, from God; all that is good in thema ing and paramount principles, and will fade : and instead of " abborin the great features of their cha- ring that which is evil, and cleaving racter, they are directly opposed to that which is good”-instead of to each other. They are opposed delighting in spirituality of characin no less a degree than as_his ter and holiness of conversation servants and his enemies. This instead of dreading and shunning view of things is strikingly exbi- the reverse, and feeling a dissatisfybited in Mr. Wilberforce's work on ing void wherever, though decorum vital Christianity-a work which is is sustained, these holy and heavenmore fainiliar to you than to me, ly qualities are wanting—they will and for which I know your just find the distinction between good partiality. One passage to which and evil less and less strongly I particularly allude, is that re- marked in their affections, and, specting “good hearted young through the influence of their men,' and “innocent young affections, by degrees, less strongwomen."

ly marked in their judgments; The very great difference be- till both affection and judgment, tween the two classes which I have but especially the former, will mentioned is not the only thing be in imminent danger of passto be noticed ; but also the great ing over from God's side to the danger lest that class which has side of the enemy. Then will escaped from the general wicked- creep upon them the degeneracy ness and peril should be drawn of the church of Ephesus, in leaving again into the vortex by its inter- its " first love ;" of Laodicea, in course with the other.

The temp- being “lukewarm ;" and finally of tations presented by the world are Sardis, whose Christian attainments described in Scripture as most al- were all“ ready to die,” and wbich luring; and our own hearts as had a name that it lived while it was most prone to yield to them; while dead. Thus, instead of being ren

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our

dered, by the powerful influence of with those who are either in the Christian society and example vale below, or are descending tooperating in aid of the other means wards it ? And yet to stand still in of grace," meet to be partakers of the divine life is impossible. Unthe inheritance of the saints in less we advance, we must go

back. light,” there is reason to fear that, Some fair appearances may still be by too free communication with the kept up, and our indulgent friends world, and by an attendant and may still retain their hopes : but consequent love of the world, they all is likely soon to become hollow may find in the fearful day of ac- and unsound, and we shall be apt to count that they have been gradu- lose the very life and soul of true ally prepared for the society and religion. I will not dilate farther inberitance of the wicked. on any of these topics ; but they

You will perceive that I do not seem to me to furnish irresistible present you with this picture, in arguments for fighting manfully order to convince you that we against the seductions of the ought not to commit ourselves to world; for prescribing to the full stream of the world, in its selves a course of conduct, so opsociety, its habits, and amusements. posed to its course, as with God's You, my dear R. are yourself per- help to preserve us from those sefectly ready to say, in that sense, ductions; and for maintaining in " Be not conformed to this world." all our intercourse with society a My object is rather to impress on holy jealousy of worldly influence, your mind bow little we should and a holy distrust of ourselves. join in its course; how far we The circumstance which most should stand aloof from it. The tends to lull well-disposed persons question is, doubtless, one of de into practical forgetfulness of these gree ; but it, nevertheless, may be truths, or at least into a very inaà question of the highest import- dequate attention to them, is the ance : for, in many cases, of which agreement of religious and of dethis is one, all depends upon de- cent worldly characters in so many gree. With men of the world we inferior points, that the vast difmust of course join in business; ference between them in essentials we also owe to them all courtesy may not at first strike the view. and kindness ; we must, therefore, Both are obliging, attentive to have with them some measure of truth and honesty, and to their social intercourse. These circum- domestic, social, and public duties; stances, aided by the propensity both abstain from gross vice, and of our own natures, and the arti- acknowledge the obligations of fices of Satan, will infallibiy draw morality. But on a close inspecus on to too large a measure of it, tion, it will appear that the one if we are not very strictly on our class serve God, mainly, sincerely, guard. We shall be in great danger and unreservedly, and make his of improper compliances, and in will their practical standard of still greater of losing a portion of duty; and that the other act on the genuine Christian spirit, and different principles-such as those of gradually imbibing a spirit op- of honour, worldly estimation, deposed to it. And then what must ference to the opinions and example follow ? Do we hope that in such of relations--to all wbich, religion, case we shall advance in the divine even if it have any sensible influlife? Do we even hope that we ence, is made subordinate. And can maintain the ground already although the religious man will acquired? How can we expect to be found very far superior to the advance up the arduous ascent, worldly class, in resisting temptawhen we are setting our faces the tions to deviate from the right other way, by undue intercourse course, as well as in the serenity

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