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gross actual sing, is sufficient for the unto the election of grace. Which thing, obtaining of heaven; without those hard though we, in the judgment of charity, and inexplicable, notions of regenera- do judge of every particular ipfant; yet tion. I shall therefore endeavour to we have no ground to judge so of all in convince you of the indispensable neces- general; or, if we should judge so, yet sity that there is of being born again; it is not any judgment of certainty; we that so, when you are persuaded of it, may be mistaken."" pp. 293, 294. you may give no rest unto yourselves, nor unto God, till he cause his Spirit, We allude to the Calvinistic which is that wind that bloweth where opinions of Usher only to show it listeth, to breathe spiritual life into that as Calvinist be must, in comyou, without which it is impossible that you sbould inherit eternal life. ** mon with his Calvinistic brethren, 302,303.

have rejected the doctrine wbich

is now imputed by some indiviWe cannot dismiss this subject duals to all our old divines. without another observation. Do the In his manner of treating the persons who appeal with such con. whole subject, Mr. Faber, it will fidence to all the distinguished be observed, proceeds upon genewriters of our church, as believers ral grounds : he enters upon the in the necessarily regenerating examination of a doctrine, without effects of baptism, recollect that any marked reference to the india many of them were avowedły Cal- vidyals by whom it is supported, vinists ? Is it possible that Whit- and in the spirit of sober investigagift, for example, or Usher, could tion. A more inoffensive course hold, the doctrine without the could hardly be pursued: but it abandonment of their peculiar must needs be that offences will creed ? For, in that case, since come; and the Dean of Chichester they held also the doctrine of final is much offended. perseverance, they must also bave In a letter addressed to Mr. Fa. maintained that every baptized ber, and entitled "An Apology for person would finally enter into the Ministers of the Church of the kingdom of heaven. The view England, who hold the doctrine given by Usher of his own senti- of baptismal regeneration," be exments, as cited by Mr. Faber, must presses his feelings like a person have corresponded with that of bis who has very serious ground of Calvinistic brethren. His words complaint. His pamphlet carries arem

with it many marks of haste ;* and

to this basle we are probably to 6. But what say you of infants bapé attribute the very singolar language tized that are born in the church : dóth in which the Dean has, permitted the joward grace in their baptism always attend upon the outward "sign? himself to indulge. We are The answer is, Surely no : the sacra- not ignorant bow prone controment of baptisin-is effectuat in infants, versjalists are, above all men, to only to those and to all those who belong forget the decencies and civilities

which should especially prevail

among Christian scholars : and we Bishop Hopkins's Works, p. 535. are disposed to make every allow † " Her discipline," says Bishop Hors- ance for baste and precipitation : ley, speaking of the Church of England, but candour 'itself must have, its " has been approved it has been sube mitted to: it has been in former times limits; and if we do not dwell upon most ably and zealously defended by this subject in those terms of reprothe bighest supra-lapsarian Calvinists. bațion which it certainly deserves, it Such the great Usber!, such was is because we are convinced that Whitgift I fuch were many more. burn the reflections of the author bimself ing and shining lights of our church in her early days, when she shook off the 11# Inp. 5, he speaks of performing papal tyranny, long since gone to the qudlifications. In p.29, ofwading through resting place of the spirits of the just." an instance, &c.




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15 ci lorob geis must have long since suggested all Dr. Mant's Lecture, if it had conthat we would say, "The « Apo- tained the opinions which Mr. Falogy" was followed by a Reply from ber ascribes, to it. *u o 109 setia 3 Mr. Faber; and this again by ex

isiny's 2160 pris to ai sein postulatory remarks from the Dean. 76 5.30:19. Mr. Faber, in his reply, had com

0 1241 mented, not without some portion

All who have at heart the real inof dùe severity, upon the temper in the explicit disavowal, by such high

terests of the church, cannot but rejoice and

manner of his opponent : the authority, or a doctrine, the revival of Dean throws back the charge ; and which, by Dr. Mant, and its adoption his remarksta most certainly do by the society in Bartlett's Buildings, not convey any very striking proofs we, in common with many wise and good of alteration or amendment. How men, contemplated with so much alarm,

Were I we then alarmed on slight $ even to the best minds, injurious, is the spirit of controversy pa sionv? grounds? Is it true, that in attributing

the promulgation

such unwise a

and -The chiefb reason for our intro

papistical sentiments to Dr. Mant, and ducing the mention of these pam the venerable society, we misreprephlets is, to recommend that of Mr. sented both? Let the reader judge. Faber-as a very lucid and masterly Dr. Mant's tract,

published by the sotreatise, in support of his own

ciety, is still in existence, and it constatements, and to notice the sins

tains the following passages :
Supernatural grace

conferred gülar fact of the Dean's disavowalthereby :viz. by baptism, p. 8. on the part of himself and the cler “ Baptism is a new birth, by which gy, of Dr. Mant's doctrine. In bis we enter into the new world, the new Apology he declares, that the in- creation, the blessings and spiritualities separability of baptism and regene- forward we have a new principle

of the kingdom," " From this time ration is a doctrine f falsely ascribed put

into use, the Spirit of Grace, which, the clergy: he is. confident besides our soul and body, is a that no minister of our church ever ple of action." p. 9. didit op hever could really assert

4. If the work of regeneration is not ito he intimates that it is a foolish

effected by baptism, it is almost impos and papistical superstition he by what means it is."

bible for any soberman to say when and challenges Mr. Faber, if this St. Paul, in writing opinion can be collected on prin confirms an opinion presently to be ciples of fair interpretation, from insisted on, that no other than baptismal the writings of a minister of the regeneration is possible in this world."

P. 32. mi to w 42 }FUN! Church of England, to name the Does not the language of the Apos. book of the author, with a great tle warrant the conclusion that we are deal more in the same strain. Mr. born, anew in baptism, and, in baptism Faber, thus challenged, names the exclusively." p. 33. celebrated tracts of Dr. Mant, as

" Neither 1 John iii., 9, nor any other adopted and accredited by the passage of St. John, nor any other text Society for promoting Christian the doctrine of a second, or of any other, Knowledge ; and wbich, e

hi on account

distinct from baptismal regeneration." of this very principle, had given p. 46. rise to so many pamphlets, and to

-Passages to the same effect might so much discussion. And what show, that if Dr. Mant had really no in

be multiplied'; but these will suffiee to then does the Dean? He avers, that teption of affirming the inseparability of the doctrine of inseparability is baption and regeneration, he was at not beld by thať gentleman! He least unhappy in the choice of his exconsiders it as a mere invention pressions, and that we were guilty of of Mr. Faber! He says that the monsense, in attributing to him and to

nargreato breach of candour or of comSociety for promoting Christian the Societyl which adopted his tract, Kuowledge would not have adopted the promulgation of that heretical and

IFUI 9.710 ataige ad: io sonovi

is a princi

Po the Romans

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This piece of intelligence must and lo, I am with you alway, even appear not a little extraordinary to the end of the world. to many members of that institution, By viewing this passage conand to the author of the tracts; but jointly with the corresponding it is no part of our business to passage of St. Mark, our author mediate between the parties; arranges bis observations under we only wish to observe, that two general heads: the first, rethis doctrine of inseparability, specting the order of conduct which was supposed to have been which Christ presented to his virtually carried by vote in a greai Evangelists, and the place which Society, is now, with perhaps one he assigns to baptism, when besingle exception, universally aban. beld by the side of faith: and the doned : it is disclaimed on all sides, second, relating to the object of and we trust that it will never be this symbolical rite, and the nature revived.

of those privileges by which it is To return from this digression, accompanied. Mr. Faber passes on, in the next

Under the first division of his sermon, to consider the nature of subject he shows, that the Evanbaptism. His text is the com- gelists were to commence their mission of Christ to his disciples : labours, by preaching Christ cru(Niatt. xxviii. 19, 20.) Go ye there. cified; by convincing the world fore and teach all nations, baptizing that Jesus was the true Messiah, thein in the name of the Father, and " anointed of God with a fulness of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; of grace, and of the Spirit without teaching them to observe all things measure, and sent to be the Sawhatsoever I have commanded you; viour and Redeemer of the world."

If any person were convinced by
their preaching, and desirous to

receive Christ as bis Saviour, they mischievous sentiment. That sentiment the name of the Father, and of the

were forthwith to baptize him in is now disclaimed on his behalf, and on

He the behalf of the Society, by the Dean Son, and of the Holy Ghost. of Chichester. We rejoice in the dis- was thus, on the presumption that claimer, and are content to submit to he was a real convert, although the imputation being so much less hitherto very imperfectly instructacute than that gentleman, as not

ed in the great mysteries of the to have penetrated as be has done into the real meaning of Dr. Mant. Gospel, to be admitted formally Indeed, we are even now incapable,

a member of the church of Cbrist. to our shame be it spoken, of dis- The supposed convert might percovering wherein we either miscon- haps be hypocritical; but if Christ ceived or misrepresented, Dr. Mant's did not repel the traitor Judas from Dean's pamphlet that we must bave baptism, (and it must be presumed done both. We trust, however, that

that Judas was baptized as well as Dr. Mant and the Society will adopt the the rest of the Apostles) neither only effectual means of obviating similar could his disciples repel any who misconceptions and misrepresentations came with apparent seriousness in future, by suppressing the tract which has occasioned them, and which, rite. Hence, many unworthy persons

to solicit a participation in the if it continue to be circulated, will infallibly occasion them again. For, un

were admitted to baptism : such less the English language should un- as Ananias and Sapphira, Demas dergo some strange alterations, we do and Simon Magus, Hymeneus and not see how the passages we have cited Pbiletus ; and many became outabove can be understood in any other ward members of the Christian sense, by plain and uplettered laics, Mhan that which we have (doubtless community, who derived no saving ignorantly) afixed to them.

benefit from the Christian ordinances

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After the supposed convert had will not prevent his being saved. been initiated into the visible com- Faith is essential to salvation : bapmunion of believers, he was to be tism is not, in all cases, absolutely further instructed in all things essentials which a Christian ought to know After a few observations upon and believe, to his soul's health. Christ's address to Nicodemus, and The leading and essential doctrines upon the Divine character of our of the Gospel were to be com. Lord, as implied in the promise pletely developed to him ; so that that he would be with his faithful any subsequent defect or apostacy disciples, even to the end of the could not be charged upon his ig. world, Mr. Faber enters upon the porance either of the tenets or the second part of his subject, and inprecepts of Christianity.

quires into the object of the symboNow, it is evident, that whatever lical rite, and into the nature of the benefits might result from believing privileges which attend it. in Christ, and from submitting to He considers the form of bap. bim in all his offices, those benefits tison to bave been very ancient, and would not be enjoyed by the per- at least as old as the time of Noah; sons who did not believe, and who otherwise it is difficult, he imagines, did not thus subinit to him. Mr. to conceive that it should have Faber illustrates the point, by been so prevalent both among Jews enlarging upon the imagined case and Gentiles, and connected with of a sick man. If the person have some ideas of a mystic renovation no belief in the skillof his physician, in both, long before the coming of be will not apply to him for a re- our Lord. This ancient rite Christ medy. This unbelief, therefore, adopted ; and, exalting it into a leads to practical consequences, sacrament, put it into the place, which may terminate in his death : not of Jewish proselytish baptism, and thus the opposite principles but of the divinely ordained rite of faith and unbelief, in reference of circumcision. Circuncision, then, to Christ, the Physician of the soul, being in effect and substance the inevitably produce two such op- same as baptism, if we would asposite states of mind, and two such certain the nature and privileges of opposite lines of conduct, that the the latter, we must ascertain the napractical believer is brought to ture and privileges of the former, final happiness, and the practical We can do little more iban unbeliever to final inisery. In state the result of Mr. Faber's making this declaration, our Lord scriptural and logical discussion. points out the radical difference The conclusion at which he arrives between faith and baptism : he is this ; that Christian baptism inay shows faith to be so essential that be viewed as the door of entrance a man cannot be saved without it; into God's visible house, the but though he commands that every church: that hence it becomes believer should be baptized, yet the special mark or badge of a he carefully refrains from intimating, professing Christian; and that it that without baptisin no man likewise admits us into all the be saved. His words are, He that privileges enjoyed by the mernbelieveth and is baptizedsh all be bers of the church. So that it is saved; but he that believeth not not only an outward badge of our shall be condemned. The omission Christian profession, but an efficaof the baptismal rite, if a man have cious means of grace, and a pledge real faith, and do not omil the rite to assure us of its reception, if we from a contemptuous neglect of do not voluntarily shut ourselves out Christ's commandment, (a sin of from God's covenant, and declare which nu true believer can be guilty) 'ourselves unworthy of its benefits. Christ. Observ. No. 186.

3 F


“ Such a modification of the doctrine, The sermon concludes with a
that it is a mean and a pledge, is evi- few remarks upon infant baptism,
dently required both by experience and and upon the form requisite for the
common sense.
fact is concerned, we do not find that efficacious administration of the
baptism is a mean and a pledge of rite. We shall finish our account
grace to all who receive it: nor is it by an extract concerning the former
agreeable either to right reason or to the of these questions.
general analogy of nature, that it should
be so. Baptism acts not as a charm:
it imposes upon no one an invincible
necessity of holiness. It is a mean of
God's grace only so far as we avail " The manifest identity of circumci-
ourselves of the privileges to which it sion and baptism, even to say nothing
entitles us : it is a pledge of our receiv- of the universal practice of the church
ing it, oply so far as we take those in- in all ages, seems abundantly to deter-
termediate steps upon which God has mine the question of infant baptism.
suspended its communication. A brave " As circumcision under the law is
army is a powerful mean of victory: the avowed symbol of regeneration, and
but, if it be ill supplied and worse con- as baptism under the Gospel is likewise
ducted, no victory will be obtained. the avowed symbol of regeneration;
The delivering of a turf may be the circumcision and baptism are evidently
pledge of a large estate : but if the two outward sacramental signs of ex-
estate be never claimed, or if all right actly the same import. But, if they be
to it be forfeited by treason, the re- signs of the same spiritual grace, they
ceiver of the turf will derive no benefit must to all effective purposes be muta-
from the most regularly and authenti- ally the same with each other : for a
cally witnessed reception of it. Just sign being altogether arbitrary, if it had
so is it with baptism: as a precept, it pleased God to shadow out regenera-
is positive ; as a mean and a pledge of tion by a hundred different signs, all
receiving Divine grace, it is conditiona). those hundred sigos would still con-
The whole analogy of nature cannot be stitute but a single sacrament.
violated to drive men to heaven, nor “ Such then being the case, as God
yet in some cabalistical manner to con- judged children under the law to be
vey them thither. Baptism, though in fully capable of entering into covenant
a modified sense of the words both a with him by circumcision on the eighth
mean and a pledge, can no more in it- day, man can have no right to pro-
self secure an admission into the pre- nounce children under the Gospel in-
sence of God, than the fabulous efficacy capable of entering into covenant with
attributed by monkish superstition to him by baptism. Every argument
the cloak and scapulary of St. Fran- against infant baptism, derived from
cis. We must do our parts in the Chris. the necessary want of active faith on
tian covenant, just as we must plough the part of children, will be equally
and sow the ground with an eye to a cogent against infant circumcision; for
future plentiful harvest; and, if we thus faith was so much the grand principle
act, we shall then find, that baptism is of the Law as well as of the Gospel,
both a mean and a pledge of grace." that the pious patriarch of the Israelites
pp. 385-387.

is specially decorated with the title of
the father of the faithful.' But God
has decided the question in the matter of
circumcision. Therefore, circumcision
being efiectively the same as baptism,

he has equally decided it in the matter As baptism is a federal admission of baptism. Hence, in every age and into the church of Christ, it follows

in every country, with the sole excep

tion of a modern innovating sect, pædothat a baptism into what is not the

baptism has invariably been adopted : church of Christ, is no baptism at and hence the Church of England well all. If a person be baptized into a determines, that the baptism of young society which rejects the funda- children is in any wise to be retained in mental doctrines of Christianity,

the church, as most agreeable with the

institution of Christ. 19* he may indeed be washed with

399. water, but the rite is just as invalid as if he were baptized into the "religion of Mahomet.

* Art. XXVII.

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pp. 397

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