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We come now to the last sermon To show the fallacy and danger of this very interesting volume, of constructing systems, and enupon a subject of discussion than forcing them as articles of faith, which none is more difficult. The Mr. Faber supposes a violent Caltitle of it is, the Predestinarian vinist and a violent Arminian, each Controversy ; and its general ob- to be building up his own bypotheject is to show us the necessity of sis by a course of reasoning, bringing to the test of Scripture, not founded upon some favourite scriponly the conclusions at wbich tural text. The Calvinist, comwe arrive by a course of abstract mencing with the undoubted so. reasoning but the very premises vereignty of God, and the miseraand steps of that reasoning. To ble and helpless condition of man, give a satisfactory analysis of this advances, step by step, with great masterly sermon would be a work apparent correctness of demonof considerable length. We shall stration, to election and reproba. aim, therefore, at nothing more than tion, to final perseverance and par. to offer a very brief outline of the ticular redemption. argument.
The high Arminian sets out in Wbatever mystery there may be the sadie manner, with some dein any of the doctrines of the Scrip: claration or exhortation of Scrip
may be safely affirmed, that ture ; and, by a process no less fair in all points necessary to be under- in appearance, discovers that the stood and to be believed by Chris- final happiness or misery of men tian men, the propositions them- depends solely upon their own selves are clear and intelligible. voluntary choice, and the line of The Bible does indeed treat of the conduct adopted in consequence of deep things of God; but they are such choice. set forth in terms the import of which That there is a fallacy somecannot be misunderstood by the where, in deducing results so diineanest capacity, although the rectly opposed to each other, canthings themselves are above the not be doubted ; and we may percomprehension of the bighest. baps be inclined from the circumHence we
are furnished with an stance to conclude, that abstract admirable method of determining reasoning is not, in these matters, the truth or falsehood of our pre- the best mode of arriving at trutb. conceived opinions ; if they be con- This suspicion will be heightened, tradictory to Scripture, whatever if we push each train of reasoning may bave been the skill with which to its utmost limits; for, as Mr. they were deduced, and the com- Faber proves, we may even go on pactness with which they were put the one side to the awful length together, they must instantly be of concluding that God is effectively abandoned.
the author of sin, and that virtue Now, it seems to be too mucb and vice are mere names, or to be the fault of persons violently en. considered only as irresistible tengaged on both sides of the Cal- dencies to particular objects; and, vinistic Controversy, that they are on the other side, of inferring that unwilling to take the Bible as they the assistance of the Holy Spirit is find it; they assume scriptural superfluous, and that man is bis own premises, and draw conclusions of saviour. ibeir own, wbich are not scriptural ; These are doctrines whic, the and thus they are reduced to the two parties in question will not adnecessity of perverting or mit; yet the reasoning seems plaining away some of the most as legitimate and correct as that positive declarations of the word which often induces them to sup. of God.
port their acknowledged systems, enveloped in impenetrable clouds and
thick darkness. After all, whatever and equally fows from their own admitted premises.
metaphysical difficulties there may be
in the inatter, these difficulties are no The truth is, that no dependance way peculiar to Christianity: they are, can be placed upon this sort of if I may so speak, inherent in the very reasoning, unless it be perfectly pature of things themselves. As mere consistent with the with the Scripture.
Deists, we should be equally perplexed,
if we were determined to excogitate a Hence, Mr. Faber lays down the
compact moral system, with the jarring following rule :-" Adinit no con
points of fate and free-will, divine preclusion in any system to be valid, un- science and human contingency. This less the conclusion itself, as well as was felt long before the promulgation thesis from which it is deduced, be of the Gospel; and, if men continue explicitly set forth in Holy Scripture. of metaphysical reasoning even to the
to dispute and to draw out fine trains To show the use of this canon
very end of the world, it requires not the be applies it to the two preceding gift of prophecy to foretell, that they chains of abstract reasoning; and will be just as wise at the close as they proves, by an actual appeal to the were at the commencement." pp. 478,
479. Scriptures, that several propositions advanced by each party, with much apparent plausibility, are
From the view which we have directly opposed to the word of God. He thus concludes his ar
now attempted to give of these ser
mons, and as far as was convenient gument:
in the words of the author himself,
sort of regular series; the several “ We must prove all things by Scrip. subjects, according to the stateture, and hold fast that which is good: ment in the preface, are connected regardless of the even opposite conclu
with each other; and the drist of sions, which might seem by a train of abstract: reasoning to be legitimately the argument will be most clearly deduced from our several articles of be- seen by reading them in the order lief. By adopting such a plan, we may of their collocation. To what exforfeit the honour and glory of a proud tent the plan may be carried,
Mr. systematic concinoity; and, what has
Faber has not informed us. This pot unfrequently been the case with our venerable mother the Church of volume is complete in itself; but England, in the mortal tug of theological as it is entitled the first, and as we war, we may very possibly be deemed told that other sets of disCalvinistic by Arminians, and Arminian courses have been prepared by by Calvinists ; but, rejecting : each him, with the design of publicatheory as a whole, and determining to call no man master save Christ alone, tion, we may expect soon to be we shall have the comfort of knowing favoured with at least an additional that we believe nothing but what the volume. We can truly say, that Bible unequivocally teaches us to be if Mr. Faber's future efforts be lieve. It may not perhaps be the most equal to the present, the more philosophical, but it is probably the wisest, opinion which we can adopt, that frequently we meet with him as a the truth lies somewhere between the
writer of sermons, the greater will extremes of the two rival systems of be our gratification; and we shall Calvin and Arminius ; though I believe be glad to reserve for him a conit to exceed the wit of man to point out spicuous place in our library, not the exact place where it does lie. We for the sake of ornament alone, but distinctly perceive the two extremities of the yast chain, which stretches
to be read and considered for the across the whole expanse of the theo- correction of error, and the conlogical heavens; but its central lipks are firmation of Christian principle.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
tinue to be discovered in searching the In the press :-A translation from the ruins of Pompeii. An extensive publie Chinese of the Sacred Edict, &c., by the building has been found ornamented Rev. W. Milne ;-Journal of a Voyage with paintings, some of which are very to New Zealand, in company with the
valuable. The pavement is Mosaic, Rev. Samuel Marsden ;--- Observations on formed in part of small white and the Canonical Scriptures, four vols. 8vo.,
coloured stones, and in part of large by Mary Cornwallis ;-an Account of slabs of marble of various colours. the Rev. R. Morrison's Chinese Dic. Several inscriptions have been traced,
which ascertain the use of this motionary and his own, by Dr. Montucci; -Summary of the State of Spain at nument: one of them indicates that the Restoration of Ferdinand VII., by the right of luminum obstruendorum, (a Captain C. Clark ;-Philanthropy and right recognised by the Roman law, and other Poems, by the Rev. J. Cobbin, preventing, in certain cases, neighbourA. M.;-Theological Inquiry into the ing proprietors from having lights or Sacrament of Baptism, and the Na- prospects near the contiguous estates.) ture of Baptismal Regeneration, in had been purchased at the price of five Discourses before the University
several thousand sesterces. Some-va
have also been disof Cambridge, by the Rev. C. Benson, luable statues M. A.
covered. Preparing for publication :-Lectures The King of Bavaria has issued an on Scripture Doctrines, by the Rev. ordinance to prevent the abuses of W. B. Collyer, D. D. ;— The Bibliogra- lotteries. He states that the circumphical Decameron, by the Rev. T. stances of the kingdom, and the practice F. Dibden ;-The first volume of the
in other nations, do not allow of his enElgin Marbles, with an Historical and tirely abolishing this species of gaming; Topographical Account of Athens :-A but he strictly prohibits all persons Series of Practical Lectures,
from employing any arts for inducing leading Doctrines of the Gospel : price, the public to purchase shares. The to Subscribers, 5s.; by the Rev. H. C.
number of ofice-keepers is to be modeO'Doonoghue, A. M.
rate, and the conductors respectable
men: puffing advertisements, and other There are at present in the University publications of a tendency to excite the of Cambridge 1,359 members of the passions of the people, are disallowed; Şenate; and 3,275 members on the
po Jews are to be admitted in future as boards, being the largest number on
collectors; the hawking or offering for record. The number in 1804 was but
sale of tickets is to be rigorously 2,122 ; and in 1748 but 1,500.
punished ; and children are to be enThe general Committee of the Wa. tirely prohibited from adventuring. terloo Subscription have come to the Among the improvements in the adresolution to allow an annuity of 61. to
ministration of justice in the island of every man who lost a limb in the battle; Ceylon, the trial by jury, which was 10l. per annum to every widow; and introduced into the island in 1811, is for children, according to age, 41. per
stated to have produced the happiest annum, till seven years old, and up to
effects on the character of the natives. 151. at fourteen.
The right of setting upon juries bas not Sir H. Davy's invaluable Safety Lamp been confined to Europeans only, but has been introduced upon the Continent, is extended, without distinction, to all where it has been attended with the
the natives of the country. same happy results as at home; and The heights of the principal Himalaya some partial attempts have been even mountajos, hitherto inaccessible to Eumade with it for lighting mines, by ropeans, and long supposed in India to means of their own gas.
be the most elevated in the world, have Monuments of ancient splendour con- been lately measured by observations ;'
the mean results of which are nearly as
Eng. Feet. follows:
A third, in its vicinity, (above
Eng. Feet. the vally of Nepal) 18,452 Dhawalagiri, or Dholagir 26,462 Above the sea
23,052 Above the sea
26,862 The Himalaya chain is visible from Yamunavatari, or Jamautri,
Patna, on the southern bank of the Gan(above the sea)
25,500 ges, as a continued well-defined line of A mountain supposed to be
white cliffs, extending through more Dhaibun, (above the sea) 24,740 than two points of the compass, at a Amountain not named,
distance of about sixty leagues, while, (above the sea)
22,769 at an equal distance, Chimborazo, the Ditto (above the valley of
highest of the Andes, is seen as a single Nepal, which is 4,600 feet
point, the rest of the Cordillera being higher than the sea) 20,025“ invisible. The peak of Chamalisi, near Above the sea
24,625 the frontiers of Thibet, is visible from Another near it, (above the
various stations in Bengal, the most valley of Nepal)
18,662 remote of which is not less than 232 Above the sea
23,262 English miles.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
A Catalogue of Books in the Arts and A Series of Pastoral Letters on Non- Sciences, Antiquities, Biography, Hisconformity, from a Dissenting Minister tory, Law, and Parliamentary Papers, to a Youth in his Congregation. 12mo. Theology, Topography, Travels, Voy. 3s. 6d.
ages, &c.; by A. Maxwell. 55. Fifty-two Lectures on the Catechism The British Plutarch; by Francis of the Church of England : to which are Wrangham, Esq. 6 vols. 8vo. 31. 3s. added, three introductory Discourses on The Annual Register for 1816. 16s. the Subject, addressed to the Inhabitants A Geographical Sketch of the princiof the Parish of Hinxworth, Herts. ; by pal Mountains throughout the World; the Rev. Sir Adam Gordon, Bart. M. A. exhibiting at one view their compara3 vols. 8vo. 11. 11s. 6d.
tive elevations, and grouped according The Clergyman's Companion in Visit- to their respective chains; founded upon ing the Sick ; by W. Paley, D.D. Arch- the most exact geographical and barodeacon of Carlisle. 12mo. 5s. 6d.
metrical admeasurements. 8s. Baker's Sermons, extracted from the The History of the British Revolution Lectures of Bishop Porteus. 8vo. 9s. of 1688-9, recording all the Events con
A Farewell Sermon, preached to the nected with that transaction in England, Congregation of St. James's Church, Scotland, and Ireland, down to the CaBath, on Sunday, the 23d of March,1817; pitulation of Limerick, in 1691; by by the Rev. R. Warner. 2s.
George Moore, Esq. 14s. Parochial Instruction ; or, Sermons Thoughts on the Laws relating to delivered from the Pulpit, at different Salt, as they affect the Fisheries, Agritimes, in the course of thirty years; by culture, and Manufactures of the KingJames Bean, M.A. 8vo. 10s. 6d. dom; by Samuel Parkes, F. L. S.
Practical Discourses ; by the Rev. M. R. 1. Member of the Geological Joshua Gilpin.
Society. 8vo. 7s. 6d. A Selection of Sermons and Charges ; A Tribute of Sympathy, addressed by the late Rev. Edward Williams, D.D. to Mourners; by W. Newnham, Esq. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
Observations on the Laws and Ordi-
Dances which exist in Foreign States,
relative to the Religious Concerns of
Letter to William Smith, Esq. Mem-
Modern Greece, a Poem. 8vo. 58. 6d.
Letters from Mrs. Elizabeth Carter to Mrs. Montagu, between the Years 1755 and 1800, chiefly upon Literary and Moral Subjects, from the Originals in the possession of the Rev. Montagu Pennington, M. A. her Nephew and Executor. 3 vols. Evo, 11.78.
Odin, a Poem; by Sir W. Drummond. 4to. 189.
Phrosyne, a Grecian Tale: Alashtar, an Arabian Tale; by H, Gally Knight, Esq. 8vo. 5s. 6d.
The Speech of the Right Hon. Robert Peel, on the Catholic Question.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE The Right Honourable the President SOCIETY.
having introduced the Report, concludOn Wednesday, the 7th of May, as we ed his remarks with expressing his stated in our last Number, was held, at pleasure that the venerable Bishop of Free-Masons' Hall, London, the Thir. Durham still continued bis unabated teenth Anniversary of the British and attachment to the objects of the instiForeign Bible Society.
tution, and his regret that increasing The Right Honourable the President, years deprived him of the satisfaction assisted by the Rer, D. Wilson, read a of attending the anniversary. He also selection of passages from the Report of lamented the absence of the Rev. Joha the past year, containing the most in- Owen, and still more the cause that kept teresting facts which had occurred in him from the meeting. In him, his the course of those proceedings, now lordship added, the Society had found become too considerable and volumi. a historian worthy of its excellence; and nous to be recited in detail.
he mentioned the circumstance because The issue of copies of the Scriptures, the labour of literary composition, from March 31, 1816, to March 31, superadded to those indefatigable ex1817, had been
ertions which have so much contributed 92,239 Bibles, | 100,782 Testaments; to promote the interests of the Society, making the total issued, from the com- had injured his health and impaired the mencement of the institution, to the last- rigour of his constitution. mentioned period,
A letter of apology was read from 746,666 Bibles, 1 929,328 Testaments : Lord Exmouth, in which his Lordship re. in all, 1,675,994 copies, exclusive of marked :about 100,000 copies circulated at the " I have always felt a sincere idra charge of the Society, from depositories terest in the success and prosperity of abroad; making a grand total of one the Bible Society, as tending to do more million, seven hundred and seventy-five good to the human race than any so. thousand, nine hundred and ninety-four ciety I have known or heard of; and copies, already circulated by the British my regret not to be able to attend it is, and Foreign Bible Society.
therefore, the more sincere. I shall The receipts of the year have been always feel happy to assist its laudable' Subscriptions, donations, con
efforts." gregational collections 6,754 9 3
Mr. Wilberforce, after various prefaLegacies, contributions from
tory observations, concluded as follows: Auxiliary Societies,&c.&c. 55,532 0 7 My Lord, this country has been
distinguished in various lines. We have Total net receipts, exclu
been great in our victories; great in sive of sales
62,286 9. 10
our commercial and manufacturing For Bibles and Testaments,
achievements ;. great in our literary the greater part purchased
and scientific attainments. But the by Bible Associations 21,954 7,6 glories of our Society, which we are
now celebrating, are glories which will Total 84,240 17 4 last for ever. And it is delightful to ob
serve, that their merit is duly appreThe expenditure of the year89,230 9 9 ciated in other countries. I find, by one Obligations of the Society,
passage in the Report, that in Switzerincluding orders given for
land there are many who have entered Bibles and Testaments,
on the same course, and are following about
35,000 0 in the path in which we have goue
L. S. D.