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the duty of imparting to them the up on the subject of a mission to
blessings of civil and religious ligbt. Bengal. The reply of the Society
But the zeal and earnestness which is so creditable to both parties, that
'have since been called into action I have much pleasure in inserting
bad not yet been kindled, and Mr. an extract from it. “ I have the
Brown's efforts proved for a time pleasure,” says Dr. Gaskin, who
fruitless. He lived, however, to was then as now the Secretary of
witness the dawn of a brighter this venerable institution, “to in-


that the contents of your In the year 1766, the Society for letter were received with much sapromoting Christian Knowledge tisfaction, and the part you have endeavoured to form a mission at acted respecting the concerns of Calcutta, and sent thither for that the mission and the Mission Church purpose the Rev. Mr. Kiernander, bath greatly endeared you to the who had resided for some time as Society."

" " That you have stepped a missionary on the Coromandel forward to rescue it from secular Coast. Mr. Kiernander laboured uses, and secure it for the sole with considerable assiduity, but purpose of religion, is a matter with little success, for many years. that speaks creditably for you as He erected a church in Calcutta, Englishmen, Christians, and memwhich continues to be known by bers of our national church. Your the name of the Mission Church, act, therefore, is highly approved by and in which he performed Divine the Society; and in the most cordial Service. In consequence of tbis manner they fall in' with your undertaking, and various other dis- wishes of sending out a new misappointments, his circumstances sionary to carry on the sacred purbecame embarrassed, and his pro- poses they bave all along had in perty, being seized by his creditors, view in Calcutta.” “ The proposal was exposed to sale. Tbis hap- for establishing a mission on a more pened in the year 1787, soon after extensive scale, in Bengal and BaMr. Brown's arrival in India. On har, which you were so good as tbis occasion Mr. Grant came for- to transmit to my hands, has been ward, with his accustoined liberality, listened to by the Mission Comand purchased the Mission Church mittee and the General Board with for 10,000 rupees, with the view of peculiar satisfaction. They apdevoting it exclusively to its ori- prove its plan, and admire the ginal object. In October, 1787, judgment and piety with which it the property was vested in three has been drawn up, and only lament Trustees; Mr. Brown, Mr. Cham- that it is not in their power to give bers, and Mr. Grant; Mr. Brown full effect to your wishes. The undertaking, in addition to his hope, however, may be encouraged, other duties, to officiate in it This that the time is shortly coming engagement, bowever, was not sa- when efforts for introducing the tisfactory to the managers of the knowledge of Christ throughout Orphan Establishment, who in your parts of India may generally sisted on bis either renouncing it take place; and whereinsoever the or quitting their service. He chose Society can be aiding to forward the latter alternative, though it was such designs they will

not be found attended with some pecuniary loss; wanting. and in August, 1788, he left the Mr. Brown's life at this period, Orphan House.

as well as during the whole of his The Trustees communicated these remaining course, was one of conproceedings to the Society for pro- siderable labour.

Wbile he remoting Christian Knowledge, sende tained the superintendance of the ing to them at the same time a copy Orphan Establishment, be was zeaut the Memoir that had been drawn lous and indefatigable in the dis

charge of its duties. Besides being now where God would have me to chaplain to a brigade in Fort Wil be: may I be found faithful in his liam, he voluntarily undertook, service !” “ My soul thirsteth after with the approbation of his brother a better country, where the inbachaplains, the charge of the Mission bitants follow righteousness, peace, Church ; officiating at each of these and love, and where Jesus walketh points in succession every Sunday. in the midst, conversing as a friend On separating from the Orphan In- face to face. The company of beastitution, he received private pupils ven is a most deligbtful meditation ! into his house, and this doinestic My friends will there appear in school was much in request. He perfect beauty, and the Redeemer paid great attention at the same himself in the midst, the King of time to the Free-school of Calcutta, Glory! Ob, my Saviour, wbat and statedly visited the hospital earthly prince can do thus for bis and gaol, in order to impart reli- best friends! Thou art worthy of gious instruction to the inmates of all my love, talents, strength, and these places. At the gaol, he was time. Lord, help me to devote all blessed with remarkable success, as these fully to thee alone." "O indeed he bad been in England, in for the spirit of a Brainerd or a bis endeavours to awaken convicts Howard, on whom I have been to a sense of their sins, and to bring thinking and conversing tbis day!" them to unfeigned repentance. Be:

(To be continued.) sides all this, he continued to apply bimself assiduously to the acquisition of the native languages, with

To the Editor of the Christian Observer, a view to his being eventually ser


the character of “a viceable in translating the Scrip- plain man" may suit well enough tures. His studies in this line, with the common affairs of life, it however, were greatly impeded by carries but little value with it in relithe necessary attention be

was gious controversy, unless it is united forced to pay to the increasing with the character also of a wellduties of his ministerial office, and informed man. I bave been led to at length gave place to make this remark by observing in successful labourers in the same your Miscellany for November last, field.

p. 698, a communication on the bapThe following extracts from his tismal controversy from a writer journal will show the devout and signing himselt Q.C. pious frame of his mind at this

pe- Q. C. represents bimself as havriod :-" My anxiety and grief for ing made, and being astonished the mission still continue upon my with, the discovery of “ an immind. Nothing remains for me but portant fact,” which seems to bim prayer to the Lord, that he will

so clear and decisive, that "it please to raise up men whose zeal defies all the efforts of the most shall never abate of its fervour, and torturing criticism to wrest it from wbose exertions shall be unwea- its obvious and natural applicaried in carrying on so great a work. tion.”—I imagine the surprise of I hope I may be permitted to say this writer might have expanded itthus much, that I'feel disposed to self through a wider space than labour wheresoever the Lord shall that of the arena occupied at pre

My chief delight sent by those “ acute disputants is, to meditate on and preach the on the baptismal controversy” be unsearchable riches of Christ; and speaks of, as I am not aware I would this were my only employ- any commentator, either of early ment, but that the wish is selfish,

or later date, having made the disand shows me to be too fond of covery which Q. c. bas ; or that it happy moments.

I think I am

was ever supposed, by any one who


open a door.


duly considered the passage in spectable father of one of those question, (Acts viii. 14–16.) that it "acute disputants" he mentions, had the remotest connexion with and to learn what he says on the the subject of the baptismal con- above passage in his Commentary. troversy, much less the direct I turn to him with the greater bearing" upon it which he assumes. readiness, presuming that Q. C. Any seeming bearing lies merely in will not suspect this author of any the sound of the words, which are undue bias on the point at issue. as follows:-“ When the Apostles In bis note on Acts viii. 14--17, which were at Jerusalem heard Mr. Scott says:- :-“When they (Pethat Samaria had received the ter and Jobn) came to the city, and word of God, they sent unto them saw the effects of Philip's ministry, Peter and John, who, when they they by prayer and imposition of were come down, prayed for them hands obtained for the converts that they might receive the Holy the Holy Ghost; that is, HIS MIGbost : for as yet he was fallen RACULOUS GIFTS AND OPERATIONS : upon none of them, only they were for though, as believers, they pas. baptized in the name of the Lord took of his re-generating, sanctify. Jesus.” Hence Q. C. would argue, ing, and comforting influences, yet that the receiving of the Spirit, they had not before been favoured and the baptism in the name of with bis EXTRAORDINARY COMMUNIChrist, are clearly separated, and cations." The regenerating intwo distinct things; the one, as we fluences, here admitted to have been here see, happening some time received before, were received atafter the other therefore the point what time, then ? Certainly, when - now so warmly disputed is at once these converts believed and were settled beyond a doubt.

baptized, as appears plain from Now, Sir, surely Q. C. cannot the words before cited. In this pas

plain a man, or so little sage then, so triumphantly brought conversant with scripture facts and forward, we find mention of bapdoctrines, as to suppose that the tism, apparently as if distinct from persons here spoken of, and of whom the reception of the Spirit, but in it is said, in verse 12, that “when reality including, without a doubt, they believed Philip preaching the all the ordinary spiritual blessings things concerning the kingdom of generally annexed to it. What God, and the name of Jesus Christ, afterwards took place was the pourthey were baptized, both men and ing out of those additional exwomen;" that these, I say, notwithstanding, continued in their un- OF THE Holy Ghost, which were converted state, as before, and only imparted through the instrustrangers to the grace of God, till mentality of apostolic hands. “It the subsequent arrival of Peter and is evident," says Dr. Doddridge, John. For, if so, then how little " that here were EXTRAORDINARY reason, alas! bad the Æthiopian Gifts evidently conferred BY EX. Eunuch to go


way rejoic- TRAORDINARY OFFICERS." ing,” if his baptism, which he re- I might add many more to these ceived at Pbilip's hands, was thus testimonies ; but I will only lay inefficacious! To adınit such an before Q. C. the words of one, the hypothesis as that Q. C. seems to learned and lucid Estius, as setting entertain, is, indeed, (to use his the sense of the passage in a clear own expression)" torturing criti- and perfect light. He says:oism,” aod such as this passage will “ Acceperant quidem in baptismo . certainly, I think, continue to defy. Spiritum Sanctum ad sanctifica

It will not displease this writer, tionem, quia renati erant ex Spiritu probably, to be referred to the re- Sancto : in cujus rei typum super

be so

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Christum in Jordane baptizatum afforded us I shall endeavour predescendit in specie Columbæ Spi- sently to show) does not appear to ritus Sanctus. Sed non acceperant me to be of direct bearing upon ad robur quomodo acceperant Apos- the subject, in the ligbt, at least, toli in die Pentecostes.Where in which I conceive be views it. he evidently means the EXTRAOR- For might it not be objected, that DINARY GIFTS of the Spirit. they are the extraordinary gifts of

These two or three quotations, the Holy Spirit here mentioned ! from authors differing in time and (Acts viii. 16.) Which supposition denomination, and of deserved ce- will be almost, if not certainly, lebrity, may serve to give light to confirmed by a similar case, related “ a plain man,” and to show Q.C. Acts xix. 4–7; where the discithat the meaning of Scripture is ples at Ephesus are said to have not to be gained by a mere glimpse believed and been baptized, and at the surface, but by much candid that St. Paul, having laid his hands attention, careful consideration, on them, the Holy Ghost fell upon and “ with an honest and good them, and they spake with tongues. heart.”

Now, this being the case, the peoBringing these qualifications, as ple of Samaria might, notwithwell as that of plainness, to the standing, have received that comexamination of the baptismal con- munication of the Spirit wbich troversy, I trust he will perceive alone, in these days, we are auand admit that baptism, in every thorized to expect. And we may instance when it is “ rightly and fairly conclude they must bave duly administered,"* is, according done so; for it is said, (chap. viii. to the sound words of our excellent 12.,) that they believed Philip Church Catechism," a death unto preaching the things concerning sin, and a new birth unto righte: the kingdom of God and the name ousness ; for being by nature born of Jesus Christ. Now, it would be in sin, the children of wrath, we unwarrantable to suppose that the are bereby inade the children of faith of all of them was as unsound grace." I am, &c.

as that of Simon Magus; and, if
sound, they could not but bave re-

ceived the gift of the Holy Spirit. To the Editor of the Christian Observer. (Eph. ii. 8.) The circumstance, Many have been the papers which sent down to impart spiritual gifts,

indeed, of Peter and John being have appeared in your publication is an evidence that their profession, on the baptismal controversy ; and time having now been allowed for whether or no I ought to consi- its trial, was sincere; and it would der the following a supernumerary, seem to have been so ordered by my decision will await the arrival God, in whose sight bis heart wag of your next Number.

not right, that Simon Magus should “ I am a plain man, and have not partake of this benefit ; the always considered a single fact, method which he afterwards took well authenticated and of direct

to obtain it, upon finding himself bearing upon the subject, to be excluded, fully discovering that he more conclusive than all the ab.

was yet

“ in the gall of bitterness stract reasoning in the world,” and the bond of iniquity.” ! and also that it looks defiance upon

would infer, therefore, that neian ocean of abstract reasons assail- ther the one nor the other coming it. But the single plain fact, munication accompanied baptisın; chosen by your correspondent for it is said that they believed, and Q. C.f (for that there is choice

were then baptized. And in this * Q. Received.

view of it, the fact will indeed be + Number for November last, p. 698. irresistible.



Should we wish for other facts For the Christian Observer. to the same purport, we have not far to look. In the eighth chapter we have recorded also the case of To many Christians even, this comthe Eunuch, to whom Philip having mand of the Apostle will appear a preached Jesus, and he having ex- hard saying. It is not at first view pressed desire to be baptized, evident how a man can live in so

Philip said, If thou believest ciety, engage in the business of life, with all thine heart, thou mayest. and yet do nothing, in w..rd or deed, And he answered and said, I be- except what he considers himself lieve that Jesus is the Son of God."

as doing according to the will of Now faith, we know, is the gift of God. By some persons, ignorant God; and, moreover, that no man of Christianity, who consider it as can say that Jesus is the Lord something scarcely admitting of except by the Holy Ghost. The definition, but, at all events, reEunuch, therefore, was regenerated; quiring those who subject themand no person will maintain that selves to its laws to be totally difhe was a second time regenerated ferent from those around them, the in his baptism.

Christian character has been alThe case of Cornelius (Acts x.) ways viewed as something extremeis perhaps stronger.“ While Peter ly gloomy and unsocial. That a yet spake these words, the Holy man may obey the whole Moral Ghost fell on all them which beard Law, they can easily conceive. It the word. And they of the cir- may even be admitted by many, cumcision were astonished, as many that he may thus be a much better as came with Peter, because that member of society, and in every reon the Gentiles also was poured spect a more amiable character. But out the gift of the Holy Ghost. when the peculiar demands of ChrisFor they heard them speak with tianity are represented to them, and tongues and magnify God. Then those parts of it wbich can be only answered Peter, Can any man for spiritually discerned come under bid water, that these should not their consideration ; when they hear be baptized, which have received the command,

" Set the Holy Ghost as well as we ? And on things above, and not on things he commanded them to be baptized on the earth ;" when they are rein the name of the Lord.”

quired to abandon“ father and Once more: if circumcision be mother, houses and lands, for considered a type of baptism, St. Christ's sake and the Gospel's;"> Paul will supply us with an une- when they are forbidden to be anxquivocal definition of the latter, ious concerning “what they sball which exactly accords with the eat, and what they shall drink, and above-mentioned instances. Rom. wherewithal they shall be clothed ;'' iv. 11.: “And he (Abraham) re- they are apt to exclaim, “How ceived the sign of circumcision, a can these things be? How can seal of the righteousness of the we obey so hard and austere a faith which he had, yet being un- Master ? circumcised.

But there is nothing inconsistent “ These facts commend them- in the idea of keeping one's self unselves to every man's conscience spotted from the world, and yet with irresistible influence, and defy living in the world. It is perfectly all the efforts of the most torturing possible “ to use the world as criticism to wrest them from their not abusing it;" to enjoy the inobvious and natural application.” nocent pleasures and all the com

forts which our situation affords,

without being conformed to the CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 181.

your affections


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