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pass or pilot! But I hope he will outer darkness! I pity the futteriake cbarge of ber: then she will be ing, sing-song pleasure-loving tribe: safe, and, in defiance of winds and their joy, such as it is, is tranweather, arrive at last at the de- sitory, like “ the crackling of sired baven. I have often com- thorns under a pot;" they must mitted her to bis care, and I hope soon lie down in sorrow. Tbiok he will give ber grace to commit not that I am a misantbrope : ! herself to bim. Excuse this little love my fellow creatures; and it is upforeseen digression, and assist because I love them I pity them. me with your prayers for her, and I grieve to see them serious in I will try to repay you in kind, in trifles, and trifling or stupid with behalf of your beloved Joseph, for respect to the things of the utmost whom in a course of years you will importance. perhaps have some anxieties to “ But I do not pity those who feel.

know and love our Saviour. Though * “ As the Lord has called me to they may be poor, sick, afflicted, dethe bonour and the important spised, or oppressed, I hardly know service of preaching his good Gos- how to pity them, wben I compare

is pleased to make ine their present sufferings with the in some measure 'useful, I ought glory that is preparing for them to be thankful that my life is pro- or the term of their sufferings with longed ; and I am afraid inferior the eternity in which they will be attachments have some influence bappy. Should I sympathize with in making me too well reconciled them when I see them weep, I must to the thought of continuing bere. at the same time congratulate them Yet upon the wbole, and in my bet- that the Lord himself will shortly ter judgment, I think I grow more wipe all tears from their eyes. out of conceit with the world, and Then shall they shine like the sun more deeply convinced that it is in their Father's kingdom. not, cannot be my rest.

“Oh, madam, if our Saviour be

so great and so good-if he so The scenes of business tell me what is loved us if he really sweat blood

in Gethsemane, and hung in agoThe scenes of pleasure, what is all beside!

nies upon the cross, and all for us

--then what a pity, what a shame In one view, it is a place for lunatics; is it, that He should be so often out in another, an hospital. Madness of our thoughts, so seldom the subor misery surround me wherever ject of our conversation ; that we I cast my eyes. I pity the poor, should be sometimes ashamed or the oppressed, the suffering part: half ashamed to own an attachment but the gay, the busy part I pity to him, and sometimes at a loss mucb more. I pity statesmen, whether to obey the world or generals, and kings, with all their bim. But, indeed, such is the pomp and power, and the pre- evil, the ingratitude, the vileness tended importance of their councils of the human heart, that after we and designs : in my view, they are have seen bis glory, and felt bis no better employed or amused than power, and heard his voice, and lunatics. I pity philosophers and tasted his goodness, we are in people of taste and genius, if they danger of forgetting him. But may have not a taste for the Gospel. the Lord forbid ! Rather may we Alas, what will a collection of coins, forget our names, our food-rather or fossils, or butterflies do for them let our right hand forget its cunwhen they are about to leave all be- ning, and our tongue cleave to the hind! Or what will the knowledge roof of our mouth, than that we of stars and eclipses avail the man should forget Him." who at death will be plunged into (To be continued.)

man ;

To the Editor of the Christian Observer. point after that word in Bell'š12mo.

Bible, Lond. 1686; in Field's 4to., Heb, xiii. 7. Remember them which

Camb. 1666 ; and in the original have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you the word of God; folio of the present version, printed whose faith follow, considering the by Barker, in 1611. The colon end of their conversation : 8. Jesus after the word “conversation” is Christ, the same yesterday, and to

an innovation. day, and for ever. 9. Be not carried

J. S-, H. about with divers and strange doctrines, &c.

P. S. May not the verb is be proThus the passage is usually point- Christ," so as to make the sentence

perly supplied as above after Jesus ed in our common Bibles, with only complete ? The sense will then be a colon at the end of the seventh regular and coberent. The Aposverse; which confirms the notion entertained by many persons, that Hebrews to follow and emulate the

tle will appear to be advising the the Apostle's meaning is, that Jesus

faith of their ministers; the sum Christ was

“ the end of these per- and substance of whose preaching sons' conversation," or the scope

was Jesus Christ, who is the same at which they aimed, the object yesterday, to-day, and for ever. for which they lived. (" To me

The subsequent exhortation to to live is Christ.”). But the origi- consistency and steadiness of docnal will admit of no such interpre- trine thus comes in with great force tation, however agreeable it may and propriety. be to the general analogy of Scriptüre and the faith. 1. The word is éx@aol, out

To the Editor of the Christian Observer. going, issue, close : "* " The close In lately looking through your of their conversation on earth.” Number for March of the present Whitby. It is rendered 66 way of year, my attention was attracted escape,” in the only other passage by a letter on the fourteenth verse of the New Testament where it of the twenty-second chapter of occurs; 1 Cor. x. 13.

Genesis. -2. The words ". Jesus Christ,” The writer begins by saying, that are not in the right case to be in every attentive reader of the Old apposition with ¢x6cmwv: in the Testament must bave been struck nominative instead of the accusa- by the obscurity of the passage. tive.

I never before met with a gram3. The order of the words de- matical explanation of it; but it stroys such a supposition. It is appears to me that a consciousness this: “ Considering the end of of the high import of the event whose conversation, follow their then shadowed forth, and a knowfaith.' Jesus Christ," &c.

ledge of the style and genius of Perhaps it might be added, that the Hebrew language, must have vér. 8. connects much better with the effect of removing all obscurity ver. 9. than with ver. 17. “ Jesus from that verse. Christ (is) the same yesterday, to- I will begin by acknowledging day, and for ever: be not carried the truth of the writer's assertion about with divers and strange doc. as to the meaning of 077, but trines.'

not as to the remark upon it, "Accordingly, our Greek Testa-' which is thus expressed :"I ments place a full point at the end would also observe, that the of the seventh verse ; nor do I re- word of the original is transmember to have seen any English laled in a manner altogether un: edition, à hundred years old, stop: warranted. 77 must always mean ped otherwise. There is a full this day or to-day;", and if the

CHRIST. OBSÉRV. No. 192. 5 H

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רהירם would have written


author of the Book of Genesis had of that place Jehovah-jireh," i. e. intended to say to this day,' he (Jehovah shall provide,) as it

%. shall be said ; This day in the 077, it is true, does mean “ this mount of Jehovah it shall be seen.” day," or to-day," and not “ to The Hebrew language, it should this day;" a fact which has not be remembered, has a character of escaped the translators, who bave its own. It does not, like other inserted the to in Italics, thus languages, invariably submit to be merely using it as an expletive re- controlled by regular grammatical quired in the English language. guidance ; but the skilful reader

Without separately replying to is at no loss to determine, whether each of the


your the past or future is intended to correspondent for believing the be expressed. The Hebrew Bible whole translation to belong to the abounds with instances in which past, I shall just quote anotber of the writer darts from past to fuhis sentences, that I may remark ture, and adverts with rapidity to upon it. After the

passage in He- events widely remote from each brew, his own translation is given other as to time, though of typical thus : “ And Abrabam called the affinity, leaving it to the reader to name of that place Jehovah-jireh ; account for the transition. In the because, said be, this day in the present instance, there is great promountain the Lord hath

pro. priety and sublimity in the abrupt vided."

recurrence to the grand event Then this sentence follows: which was to take place upon that

“ In this version, you will ob- very spot, which had been the serve, that I have given to the fu. scene of its typical representation. ture verb the signification of a pre- I have felt it a duty thus to offer terite, which I conceive to be fully my feeble endeavour to rectify justified in the first instance of its what appears to me a very inadeoccurrence, by the vau which stands quate interpretation of a sentence, at the beginning of the sentence, which contains a most interesting and, in the second instance, by alļusion to the stupendous Atonethe word 708 going before it, ment which was to be offered up which has the same power as the for the sin of the world. vau to convert the future tense

B. W. into a preterite.”

Now though vau and 70X bave sometimes this effect, yet they have

To the Editor of the Christian Observer. not always. Vau, indeed, is con- An objection bas been proposed versive bere, but only to the verb to the account of the Evangelists, to which it is prefixed.

with regard to the miracles which The first 787, in the verse is took place just before the death of not, however, literally translated our Lord. The objection consists by, " it shall be seen." The truth of two parts: first, that they do is, that it is in the future of Kal. not seem to have been mentioned The second 787 is in the future of by any other historians ; secondly, Niphal; Hametz being under Resh, that it is scarcely credible that and the long vowel Pzaire, instead such important circumstances as of Hbirik, being under', to compen- the earthquake, the rending of the sate for the characteristic Dagesh vail of the temple, and especially which cannot be placed in the the darkness for three hours over Resh. What I have now said of the land of Judea, should not have the last 7879, applies exactlyto the extorted an involuntary belief, on


the part of the Jews, of the mission Thus the translation is :

of Jesus. No such effects are " And Abraham called the name stated to have taken place in con

.יאמר conjugation of




sequence, except in the case of the might not be a God and a futucenturion. The conversion of the rity: we knew nothing, thought three thousand on the day of Pen- nothing, felt nothing beyond the tecost is ascribed to other causes.- present scene. A satisfactory solution of this ap- But Revelation burst with its ce. parent difficulty, by any of your lestial splendour on this dark and correspondents, will much oblige intricate path. The heavenly Pa

S. Y. rent saw and pitied the ignorance

and weakness of his erring child,

and disclosed, at once for our comFor the Christian Observer. fort and salvation, that blessed

scheme of redemption for lost and

guilty man which furnishes an anNo truth can be more evident and swer to all our most important difrational than this, that if God made ficulties; especially that supremethe world, he also governs it. ly interesting one,

" What shall I Even among men, a skilful arti- do to be saved ?"' ficer would not contrive and put Yet though much is disclosed, together a curious and intricate and all that is necessary for our piece of machinery fit for some po- eternal peace, how much still reble and useful purpose, and then mains enveloped in obscurity! If leave it neglected to itself, either we take the three great departto stop or go on; and much less ments of God's government, Creawould be suffer it to produce no- tion, Providence, and Grace, in thing but injury and destruction by each shall we discover that “ its irregular movements. It is true, searchable are bis judgments, and that man is so ignorant and short- bis ways past finding out.' sighted, that the thin veil which in. To begin with the works of terposes between us and the unseen Creativn—What can be more conworld, prevents our discerning, as cealed from our knowledge than we otherwise should do, the Divine the scenes which constantly suragency. But this is no proof that round us ? What is our own earth? it does not exist : on the contrary, and what are those starry worlds every thing wbich we see and bear, that adorn the brow of night; and may and must convince us, if we that sun, that lights us by his splenwill only open our minds to the dour and cheers us by his warmth, admission of the truth, that “ and invigorates our globe by his rily there is a God who judgeth kindly influences ? The more we in the earth, and disposeth the make advances in knowledge, the hearts of the children of men;" more we discover our utter ignobut whose dispensations, though in- rance. The husbandman perceives finitely wise and good, are often day and night, summer and winter, far too high and intricate for hu- seed-time and harvest, succeed man discernment.

each other: bis corn springs up, and But why need we seek for proof a beneficent Power pours into his of this fact? What is tbe. whole garner o all manner of increase ;" world, what are all things in us but every part of the process is a and around us, but one mighty mystery that escapes bis utmost maze, the mysteries of which are researches. Ten thousand efforts infinitely beyond the reach of hu- could not form one blade of grass ; man contemplation ! Till the Di. or one drop of rain, to water and vine record of our faith was be- restore its faded verdure. And if stowed on a benighted world, all these, the most plain and common was doubt, and darkness, and works of creation, are hid in mysgloom. Man might or might not tery, so that we cannot tell even be immortal; there might or there how a seed vegetates in the ground,


wbat shall we say of the animate heart? how he enlightens our uncreation ? Especially, what shall we derstandings, sanctifies our will, say of that master-piece of Divine regenerates and converts our souls, skill and power, the human frame, and inakes us meet for that inbeso fearfully and wonderfully made, ritance which a Redeemer purthat even beathens bave been

chased for us freely with his own obliged to acknowledge it a proof most precious blood ? of the existence of an all-wise and The feeblest glance at these gracious Creator?

and numerous other difficulties con. The Almighty, both from the nected with the works of grace, whirlwind, and by the mouth of is surely sufficient to bow us low Elibu speaking to Job, pursues in the dust of humility. Well might this argument with much force and the Apostle exclaim, " On the sublimity. “ Bebold, God is great, depth of the riches both of the and we know him not.” “Can any wisdom and knowledge of God! man understand the spreading of Who bath known the mind of the the clouds, or the noise of bis ta- Lord, or who bath been bis coun. bernacle?” “ God thundereth mar- sellor?” And yet man, a being of vellously with his voice;, great yesterday, and who must die tothings doeth be, which we cannot morrow, too often boasts of bis comprehend.”

.” “ Hearken unto this, feeble powers, adores bis shortO Job! stand still and consider lived reason, and refuses to the wondrous works of God. Dost bimself bumbly as a penitent sinthou know when he caused the light ner, conscious of his guilt and of his cloud to shine ? Dost thou ignorance, to the guidance of that know the perfect works of him blessed word wbicb alone, under wbich is perfect in knowledge ? the instrumentality of its Divine how thy garments are warm, wben Author, can lighten bis darkness, he quieteth the earth by the south and lead him safely through the wind ? Teach us what we shall intricate windings of this valley of say unto him, for we cannot order the shadow of death, to the shores our speech by reason of darkness.” of eternal light, and knowledge,

If,' then, the works of Creation and repose ! Surely our daily prayer be so complete a proof of our should be ; O thou infinite Source ignorance of God's dispensations, of wisdom and of grace! though how much more so the works of we cannot comprehend either the Grace! Who shall unfold the won: height, or length, or breadth of derful mysteries of Redemption ? thy love in Christ Jesus, yet upon Who shall comprehend, in all its it would we calmly and confidently awful consequences, the Fall of repose by faith, till the time when our first parents ? Who shall tell thou shalt see fit to remove this why they were even permitted to veil of flesh, and introduce us, fall? Who shall inform us how sin through the blood of a Redeemer, entered a holy and happy creation ? to that heavenly world, where we Who shall reconcile the infinite sball know even as also we are knowledge and prescience of God, known! with the free powers and moral re- Again : That the operations of sponsibility of man? Who shall tell Providence as well as of Nature how the Divine nature was united and Grace are mysterious, and to the buman in our blessed Lord ! often far beyond our comprehenhow our guilt was expiated by sion, needs, perhaps, less proof his cross and passion ? how He iban either of the former. For was made sin for us who knew no what is buman life, with all its sin? bow his righteousness becomes comforts and sorrows, its cbanges ours by faith? how the Holy and accidents, but an illustration Spirit operates on the human of the solemn truth, “ What I do

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