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Church Missionary Society, in settlements would be very considerable ; wbich the intelligence is brought as it would afford them at all tiines an down to the date of the most recent easy conveyance for their produce to advices. The willing attentions of bring back in the same manner what
the principal market, while they might tbe natives to assist in building ever necessaries they required. But suitable houses for the missionaries, besides this consideration, there are and their readiness to sell them others which, in the event of the island land for the purposes of their esta- being colonized, might recommend this blishment, are proofs how fully the place as the most suitable for erecting
Its convenient aud jealous fears at first excited bad central situ tion, the peculiar richness been allayed by the prudent and of its soil, the proximity of all the necespeaceable conduct of these benevo- saries for building ; these, and several lent settlers. Indeed, a pledge was
other local advantages, would conspire given that the ship Active might could be selected. I might also add,
to render it the most eligible spot that enter with safety into seas, in which
that the forests, while affording the the natives frankly confessed that most excellent timber for building, they would give no such promise could easily be converted into wellrespecting other vessels. Passing cultivated fields and gardens ; and the over, therefore, several
lake, yielding an abundant supply of topics, for which we refer our read fish, with water of the best quality,
would be rendered doubly valuable to ers to Mr. Nicholas's volumes, we the inhabitants. The distance of this shall conclude our extracts with a place from the harbour would form no few of the author's remparks rela material objection; this being only tive to the propriety and advan
fifteen miles, a 'road might easily be con
structed from the head of the cove, and tages of colonizing New Zealand.
over level ground the whole way, if we + Should an extensive settlement be except three hills of such inconsiderable ever formed in New Zealand by our heigut as to offer no obstacle worth repeople, and the Bay of Islands fixed garding. From the entrance of the upon as the principal harbour, the neigh- harbour to the head of the cove, may bourhood of this lake would form an ad
estimated at about twenty miles ; mirable situation for the seat of govern- and shipping can proceed up fifteen or ment, and chief town of the colony.
sixteen miles, and find secure anchorage. The extensive forests that line one side The land carriage therefore would be of it would afford an immense quantity very triding; and the necessity of it of timber, that might at a trifting ex- might be ultimately superseded by a pense be floated to the opposite bank, junction of the lake with the Tecaddiewhere, the ground being cleared to a caddie, which passes within five miles considerable extent, the town might be of it, and could be made navigable for built, and lands enclosed both for pas
small craft to the head of the cove. turage and husbandry. The soil here settlement thus advantageously situated, being luxuriant in the extreme, would
and under a mild and equitable governproduce the most abundant crops, and ment, would very soon become nourishthe labours of the industrious cultivator ing, and be enabled to supply itself in would be sure to be requited by a plen- abundance, not only with the necessaries tiful harvest. According to the natives, of life, but even with many of its luxuries. a river has its source in this lake, which, The advantages too resulting from such after traversing the whole breadth of a colony to the natives themselves, must the island, takes a western course, and
be obvious. A spirit of civilized indischarges its waters into the sea. Whe dustry would be diffused all over the ther this is navigable or not, it was im- country, and they would be gradually possible for me to ascertain, not having initiated into all our pursuits ; while bean opportunity of seeing it ; but as the ing protected in their persons and pronatives asserted that canoes were con perty by the wholesome laws of our instantly plying upon it, I should think it estimable constitution, they would have probable that boats at least, if not small nothing to apprehend; and providing vessels, might effect a passage upon it for their wants in conscious security, to some distance. A communication their physical comforts would always being thus kept up with the interior of keep pace with their moral improvethe island, the advantages to the back ment. Should the event, which I can
pow only speak of as contingent, be ever simple narrative style, for the realized, this consideration will not didactic or pathetic. In two or fail to have its proper weight with the
three instances also, he relates with political economist. But I would by no means have the colonists composed of
a kind of Hippancy or pleasantry, such characters as form the European what, if related at all, should have population of New South Wales. The been clothed in a style of the most convicts there are the most profligate severe gravity, in order to render and abandoned description of people in its introduction admissible into the existence, and those crimes and vices for which they have been expatriated, winter evening family party. We adhere to them in their exile with per should not, perhaps, have noticed tinacious delinquency. Such men would this in an ordinary traveller : nor rather defeat than promote the object do we mean to intimate, that Mr. -in view, by introducing a factitious con Nicbolas is any great offender in tamination of morals among the natives, this way ; but the narrator of a and instructing them in the most depraved practices by their own example." missionary voyage ought to be Vol. I. pp. 344-347.
peculiarly careful, that in a nar
rative intended for miscellaneous We have only to remark, in con- perusal, not a single passage should clusion, what must have already occur, in wbich gross vice is exsufficiently appeared from the fore- posed to our laughter rather than going observations and ext. cts, our abhorrence. As this observathat these volumes are extremely tion is applicable to the present well worth perusal as an authentic volumes in only a very limited denarrative of a voyage to a country gree, and even this evidently upinof which very little has been hi- tended by the author, wbose aim therto known to the European throughout is highly benevolent world. The author's chief failure and virtuous, we shall conclude is where he intends to be ornate with recommending the work to or sentimental, and forsakes the the attention of our readers.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
for Morning and Evening, for young PREPARING for publication :- Letters Persons; by the Rev.S.Piggott, A.M.;from the Honourable Horace Walpole Memoirs of the Life, Character, and to George Montague, Esq. ;--An over Ministry of the late Rev. William Goode, land Journey from India, by Lieutenant A. M. Rector of St. Ano, Blackfriars; Colonel Johnson ;-Statistical Account by Charles Bowdler, Esq.; to be prefixed of the principal Shores of the Pacific to a volume of his Discourses on the Ocean, by Captain M'Konochie ;-Essay Names and Titles given to the Redeemer. on the Prolongation of Life and Conser In the Press :-Essays on the Wisdom vation of Health, by Dr. James Johnson; of God, by the Rev. D. Tyerman;- Life - Tasso's Jerusalem, translated by J. of Right Honourable Philpot Curran, H. Hunt ;-A Journey to Rome, &c. by C. Phillips, Esq. ;-Biographical by H. Sass ;-Original Letters from Works on English Topography, by W. Baxter, Prior, Bolingbroke, Pope, &c., Upcott;- Transactions of the Association edited by Mrs. Warner : A Guide to of King and Queen's College of Physi. Families; or Sacred Truth Unfolded for cians in Ireland ;-A Work on Natural their Use; in a Course of Practical Theology, by the Rev. Thomas Gis. Lectures on the Principal Doctrines of borne, in which those topics are conChristianity, and the Relative Duties of sidered which have not been touched Life; with appropriate Family Prayers upon by Paley.
A monthly periodical work is project order to supply the vacuum, expel the ed at Paris, to be entitled " Archives du molasses, which, passing through the Christianisme au Dixneuvième Siècle." web and the perforated partition, is conIt is intended to comprise essays on ducted by a pipe into a receiver below. Christian doctrines and morals, short The operation of pumping the air condissertations upon Ecclesiastical His tinues till the molasses is sufficiently tory, Biblical criticism, and Oriental expelled from the sugar. The second antiquities ; critical and analytical no method is upon the same principle, only tices of new religious works; reports instead of atmospheric pressure, the of religious societies throughout the air is compressed by means of a forcing world ; with religious biography and pump or bellows for the purpose, which poetry. The importance and neces avoids the necessity for producing a sity of such a work in France is very great; and we sincerely hope the in The original diamond ring of Mary, tended publication may be conducted Queen of Scots, upon which are en in such a manner as to secure a re graved the arms of England, Scotland, spectable degree of patronage, and thus and Ireland, quartered, and which was to answer the high ends which such a produced in evidence at the trial of the work, if well executed, may be expect. unfortunate Mary, as a proof of her ed to attaip. The publication will be pretensions to the crown of England, assisted by subscriptions, which will be was in the possession of the late Mr. received by “M. Viault, Notaire, Rue Blachford, one of the lords of the Alld'Antin." Letters and communications miralty, at the time of his death.- The may be addressed to " M. Juillerat history of this fatal ring is curious. It Chasseur, Pasteur, Rue de Tournon, descended from Mary to her graudson No. 10."
Charles I. who gave it, on the scaffold,
to Archbishop Juxon, for his son Charles Cambridge. - The following subjects II. who, in his troubles, pledged it in are proposed for the Chancellor's Prizes, Holland for 3001., where it was bought for the ensuing year:-For Latin Verses; . by Governor Yale, and sold at his sale “Titus Hierosolymam expugnans."-For, for 3201. it is supposed for the Pretender. an English Essay ; " Biography.”—For Afterwards it came into possession of a Latin Essay ; « Quam Vim in Moribus the Earl of lla, Duke of Argyle, and Populi conformandis exhibeant Rerum probably from him to the family of Mr. publicarum subitæ Mutationes ?"-Sir Blachford. At the late sale of his Roger Newdigate's Prize'; for the best effects, it was said to have been purcomposition in English Verse, not con chased for the Prince Regent. taining more than fifty lines, by any Mr. M Leod, in his narrative of a VoyUnder-graduate who has not exceeded age to the Yellow Sea, lately published, four years from the time of his matri- gives the following particulars respectculation ; " The Coliseum."
ing the habits of a Boa Constrictor, A patent has been obtained for a new which died on board the Cæsar, on the mode of expelling molasses from sugar, passage to England :-During its stay by means of atmospherical pressure. at Ryswick it is said to have usually This is performed either by withdraw consumed a goat every three or four ing the air from the under surface of weeks, with occasionally a duck or fowl. the sugar, or compressing the air on the The live stock provided for its use upper surface.
When done by the during the passage consisted of six former method, a trough or box is em goats; five being considered a fair allowployed open at the top; and containing ance for as many months. At an early at a few inches from the bottom, a par- period of the voyage one of the goats tition made of sheet copper, or any other was thrust into its cage. The piercing proper material, and thickly perforated cries and agonies of the unfortunate with small holes. On this partition is animal were dreadful; yet amidst all laid a cloth or web, made of hair or his terrors he began instinctively butother sit material, and over it is spread ting at the serpent, who fixing a deadly the sugar, previously moistened with and malignant eye on his victim, darted water or lime-water. The air uoder out his forked tongue, and seizing the the partition is then partially exhausted goat by the leg encircled it in his horby means of an air pump, in conséquence
rid folds. The act was so instantaneous of which the pressure of the atmospbere, that it was impossible for the eye to and its passage through the sugar, in follow the convolutions of the serpent's CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 192.
body, which was overlaid rather than would have been forward to impart.wound round in such a manner ‘as' to Great Britain has often been reproached add the greatest weight and muscular by its neighbours with being a selfish pressure. The half-stifled cries of the nation ; and perhaps, in the eager purgoat became fainter and fainter, till the suit of commercial advantages, we may unfortunate animalexpired. For a con have sometimes given ground for the siderable time after this period the imputation ; but the last thing we snake still retained his hold, till at should have anticipated in the enumeralength, unfolding himself slowly and tion of our defects, would have been cautiously he began to prepare for the the exercise of a niggardly and exclurepast. Placing his mouth in front of sive spirit in the adaptation of any the dead animal, he began lubricating benevolent discoveries with which the the head, and at length, by means of his providence of God might have blessed two rows of strong hooked teeth and our happy land to the wants and weakprodigious contractile muscular power, nesses of the universal family of man. he gradually sucked in the head and We should as soon have expected a horns, and at length the whole body, churlish refusal of vaccine virús to our without separation or mastication. At Transatlantic brethren from the Nathe end of the operation, which occupied tional Institution for promoting its difabout two hours and a quarter, the ter. fusion, as a moment's doubt or hesitarific animal appeared prodigiously dis tion in communicating to them the blesse tended, like a serpent's skin stuffed to ed art of making the dumb to speak and bursting. The protuberances caused the deaf to hear. by the goat's horns were very conspi Disappointed and repulsed in Great
The serpent now coiled himself Britain, Mr. Gallaudet repaired to Paup, and lay quietly in his usual torpid ris, where he met with a very courteous state for about three weeks or a month, and favourable reception from the Abbe when his last meal being apparently dis- Sicard ; and after spending a short time solved, the cruel experiment was re in receiving lessons from that celebrated peated with similar results. This ani- instructor, he obtained the consent of mal died on the passage home, between the Abbe to take with bim to America the Cape of Good Hope and St. Helena, Mr. Laurent Clere, himself deaf and and upon dissection appeared to have dumb, one of the teachers in the instidigested every part of his prey even to tution of Paris, and well known in the bones, except a part of one of the London (where in 1814 he passed some horns. The facts thus obtained, if time) as a most intelligent pupil of his correct, are doubtless curious ; but no illustrious master. Mr. Gallaudet having words can be too strong to express the procured this important auxiliary, was horror of every feeling mind at the cru enabled to return to his native country elty that permitted the experiment. much sooner than he expected. He ar
rived there in August, 1816, and immeUNITED STATES.
diately visited some of the larger cities,
for the purpose of soliciting funds for We have recently been favoured the formation of an establishment. In with a copy of the First Report of this a short time the contributions amounted Institution.-In the year 1815, the Rev. to nearly 18,000 dollars. An act of the T, H. Gallaudet, à clergyman of the legislature of Connecticut was passed, Congregational Church of the United incorporating the institution, and that States, visited this country with a view body afterwards granted 5,000 dollars of qualifying himself to become an in in aid of its funds. The establishment structor of the deaf and dumb, of whom was opened at Hartford, in Connecticut, it is estimated that thert are not less on the 15th April, 1817; and on the 1st than two thousand in these States. We of June, the date of the Report, it alare grieved and mortified to find that ready contained twenty pupils. Many neither in London nor in Edinburgh of these are of full age, and some of did he meet with that encouragement them have expressed much interest in, which his benevolent purpose 'merited, the attempts which have been made, He sought in vain, from the conductors though stated to be as yet very imper. of the valuable institutions for the deaffect, to explain to them some of the and dumb in those cities, the informa- simplest doctrines of Revelation. We tion which we should previously have shall have much pleasure in watching assumed with absolute confidence, they the progress of this excellent institution.
ASYLUM FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Narrative of a Voyage in the Alceste, Sermons on the Death of her Royal to the Yellow Sea, along the Coast of Highness the Princess Charlotte, by the Corea, and through its numerous hitherRev. J. W. Cunningham, M. A. Vicar to undiscovered Islands, to the Island of Harrow.
of Lewchew; with an Account of her C. J. Hoare, M. A. Vicar of Shipwreck in the Straits of Gaspar; by Blandford.
John M‘Leod, Surgeon of the Alceste.
Observations on Gardens, Orchards,
Honourable Sir John Sinclair, Bart.
The Chinese Grammar; by W. Mor-
A Universal History, in twenty-four
John Muller. 3 vols. 8vo.
O'Hara, Esq. 8vo. 14s.
of Amiens, in 1802, to the Pacification of - H. G. Watkins, Rector of St, Paris in 1815; by Charles Coote, LL.D. Swithins.
8vo. 12s. The Trials and Encouragements of History of Ancient Europe, from the the Christian Missionary, a Sermon earliest Times to the Subversion of the preached before the Church Missionary Western Empire ; with a survey of the Society, Oct. 28, 1817, on Occasion most important Revolutions in Asia and of the Departure of Missionaries to Africa ; by Dr. Russell. 3 vols. 8vo. various Parts; by the Rev. J. W. 21. 2s. Cunningham, M. A. Vicar of Harrow, A History of Saint Domingo, from its &c. 1817.
Discovery by Columbus to the present * To provide a Refuge for the Crimi. time. pal is to give a Bounty on the Crime." The Northern Courts ; containing This Principle examined, in its Applica- Original Memoirs of the Sovereigns of tion to the Guardian Society, and other Sweden and Denmark, since 1766, insimilar Institutions; in 2 Sermon preach- cluding the extraordinary Vicissitudes ed for the Benefit of that Society, Oct. 25, of the Lives of the Grandchildren of 1817; by the Rev. J. W. Cunningham, George the Second; by John Brown, M. A. Vicar of Harrow, &c. 1817. Esq. 2 vols. 8vo. 11. 1s.
The New Testament of our Lord Russia, being a complete Picture of Jesus Christ, translated into pure Bib- that Empire, including a full description lical Hebrew, for the use of the Jews of their government, laws, religion, comin every part of the world. ll. ls, merce, &c. by C.G. Hunter, Esq. 10s.6d. common-11. 6s. fine.
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one of the Managers. Personal Observations, made during Reflections on the Blacks and Whites, the Progress of the British Embassy being Remarks upon a Letter addressed through China, and on its Voyage to and by H. Mazeres, a French Ex-colonist, from that Country, in the years 1816 and to J. C. L. Sismonde de Sismondi, con1817; by Clark Abel, physician and taining Observations on the Blacks and naturalist to the embassy. 1 vol. 4to. Whites, the Civilization of Africa, the
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