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labour; so it is with respect to the points which we have | been considering. Or, if we may be permitted a little to vary

this illustration, the one fort of truths are as food proper to be administered to all; whereas the other are rather as cordials for the support and comfort of those who need them.

In a word, there seems to be a perfect correspondence between God's works of providence and grace: in the former," he worketh all things according to the counfel of his own will,” yet leaves inen perfectly free agents in all that they do; so in the latter, he accomplithes his own eternal purpose both in calling, and in keep:us, bis elcet; but yet he never puts upon them any contraint, which is not perfectly compatible with the frecit operations of their own will,

The Author well knows that these doctrines may be, and alas! too often are, so ftated as to be really contradictory. But that they may be su fiated as to be protitable to the souls of men, he hopes is clear froin the illus. trations that have been juft given'.

He trufts he shall be pardoned if he go yet further, and say, that, in his judgment, there not only is no positive contradiction in this fiatement, but that there is a propriety in it, yea, moreover, a necessity for it, because there is a subserviency in these truths, the one to the other. God elects us; but he carries his purpose into effect by the free agency of man, which is altogether influenced by rational confiderations. So also he carries on and come pletes his work in our souls, by causing us to feel our prone ness to apoftatize, and, by making us cry to him daily for the more effectual influences of his grace. Thus, while he consults his own glory, he promotes our greatest

• Many have carried their attachment to system fo far, that they could not endure to preach upon any place of fcripture that seemed to oppose their favourite sentiments; or, if they did, their wbole endeavour has been to inake the text fpeak a difierent lanjuage from that which it appeared to do. In oppolition to all luch nodes of pro- ! erdure, it is the Author's wish in this preface to recommend a cone formity to the feriptures themselves without any folicitude about ftens of mar's invention. Nor would any thing under heaven be Ilute grateful to him than to see names and parties buried in eteinul olision, and primitive finplicity relored to the church.

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good, in that he teaches us to combine humility with earnestness, and vigiance with composure.

The Author would not have troubled the Reader with this apology, were it not that he is exceedingly desirous to counteruct that fnirit of animosity, which has of late so greatly prevailed against those who adhere to the principles of the establifhed church. Not that he has bifelf any cause to complain: on the contrary, he has realon to acknowledge, that his former volume met with a far more favourable reception from the Public than he ever dared to expeétBut he would with leis work to be brought to this teit-Does it uniformly tend




If in one single instance it lose fight of any of these points, let it be condemned without mercy". But, if it invariably pursue there ends, then let not'any, whatever fyftem they embrace, quarrel with an expression that does not quite accord with their views. Let them contider the general scope and tendency of the book : and, if it be as he trutts it is, not to strengthen a party in the Church, but to promote the good of the shole; then let smaller differences of sentiment he overlooked, and a'l urite in vindicating the great doctrines of SALVATION BY GRACE THROUGH FAITH IN CHRIST.

'< See Brit. Critic for April 1797.

u By this ex; 'retlion the Author means, that such is his abhorrence of every principle which militates açant any one of the points referred to, that he conceives it almost imposible that t word should fall from his ren, which, if candidiy interpreted, can be juttly faid to colle tradict them.












EXAMPLES. PAGI, Parts of a Sermon five

27 Each text must contain the complete sense of the writer 2 Cor. i. 3, 4./ 28 must not contain too little matter nor too much

28 The eni of preaching

28 Whether proteftants should preach on Rom th festivals

29 What subjects are proper for storted days of public worthip


SO What for occafional, as ordinations, &c.

CHAP. II.-GENERAL RULES OF SERMONS. Sermons should be explicit and clear

31 muft give the entire sense of the text

31 muft be wise, fober, chake

32 C4



SS 33 54

Sermons must be simple and grave

instructive and offećting Whether a preacher should apply as he goes on Preacher should avoid ercejs

Of genius
Of doctrine
Of investigation
Of figures of speech
Of reujoning
Of grammatical remarks
Of criiicisms -
Of philofophical-historical rhetorical observations
Of quotations

Connexion defined, and how to find it

muti feldom be enlarged on
must fornetimes make a part of the discussion
and sometimes it affords an erordium

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CHAP. IV._OF DIVISION. A text Mould not be divided into many parts

S9 Two forts of division

39 Divilion of the Sermon is proper in general for obscure subjects as for prophecies

Gen. jji. 15. 40 for texts taken from disjutes

Rom, iii. 28. 40 for conclusims of long

Rom.v.1. viii.1. 40

Heb. i. 5, 6. for quoted texts

ii. 6. 41

iii. 7. 41

Dan. ix. 7. 41 for texts treated of in different vitws

lleb, jii. 7,8. 42 Division of the text after the order of the words

Eph. i. 3. 42
How to divide a text in form

Heb. X. 10.

Natural order twofold
Arbitrary divisions

2 Tim. ii. 10.
Some texts divide the infelves -

Phil. ii. 13.
Nothing must be put in the first branch of divifion that?
Juppojes a knowledge of the second

John xv. 5. 46
Division of subject and attribute

vi. 47, 56. 46

Rom. viii. 1. 46 Sometimes the connexion of subject and attribute must make | 2 Cor. v. 17. 47 a difunct part

John vi. 47. 47 How to divide when texts need much explaining

Acis ii. 27. 47 Discution of terms Syncategorematica

John iii. 16.

47 How to divide iexts of reasoning

Rom. iv, 1.

48 of objection and answer

Rom. vi. 1, 2.

50 Division of difficult texis

John iv. 10. 50 of texts which imply something,

Ifai. lv. 6. 51 of texts of history

52 Division must be expreśled simply for the sake of being ?

52 relhembered muli be connected together

53 Sabdivision

53 CHAP. V.-OF TEXTS TO BE DISCUSSED BY WAY 07 EXPLICATION. Preacher nust understand the sense of the text

54 comprehend the who subject together, and

perceive the parts of which it confitts have a general idea of theology

54 ftudy the nature of his text

54 Two general ways of discusing & text; explication and

55 observation



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EXAMPLES. Pace. Rales to determine the choice

55 Dificult pallages nanti be treated of by way of eaplication

55 Dificulties arise from words or things

55 Hor lu explain dimonlt words

56 Dificult and important subjects must be explained

56 Controverted texts, how to explain

John avi. 12. 57 Different ways of explaining dipated texts

57 How to explain an intricate subject

57 exemplified

John i. 17. 58 How to explain texts not difficult but important

2 Cor. iv. 7. 67 Explications with and without proof

77 Proofs of fuct

Phil. ii. 6. 78 right

Phil. ii. 14, 15. 78

Phil. ii. 6--8. 78 both fact and right

Heb. xii. 6. 78

Phil, ii. 13. 79 Explications of texts which have many parts

Ifui, ix. 6. 81 Explication of simple terms

ilim i, 5. 82 of imple terms by comparifon

Luke ii. 8---11. 91 of piirases peculiar to Scripture

Mark viii. 31. 96

John iii. 16. 100 of terms Syncategorematica

Rom. viii, 1.

100 sometimes not to be explained How to explain and illufirate a propofition

101 exemplified

Eph. i. 18. 102 Explication of propofitions which contain divers truths Epi. i. 18.

105 S Pial lxix. 21.

108 considerable in divers views

COXIX 2. 108 wilich have different degrees of accomplih-s Exod. 1.1.,7, 8. 108

Hebii13. 109 ment

Ez.xxxvii.1-11 109

Psal. xxxvii. S. 100 L considerable propofitions

Prov. xv. 3. 109 CHAP. VI.--OP TEXTS TO BE DISCUSSED BY WAY OF OBSERVATION. Some texts must be discussed by way of obfervation

110 as clear texts

110 historical texts

John xii. 1, 2. 110 Sorne texts require both erplication and observation

Acts i. 10 110 How to arrange the difcuflion of passages of this kind

111 Observation fonetimes includes explication

Acts ii. 1. Observations should generally be theorgical

112 But in some cases they may be taken from other topics

11% Obfervation should neither be pedantic

112 nor vulgar

112 Topics

113 As I. Genus

Plal. 1. 14. 114 II. Species

Pfal. cxxiii. 2., 114 * III. Character of a virtue or a vice

2 Thes, iii. 5. 115 IV. Relation

127 V. Implication

Rom, xii, 17.

129 VI. Persons speaking or acting

Rom. xii. 17. 131 VII. State

1 Thes. v. 16. 132 VIII. Time

1 Tim. ii. 1. IX. Place

Phil ini. 13,14. 133 X. Perfons addrefred

Rom. xii, 17. 134 XI. Particular state of perfons addrefied

Rom. xii. 17.

135 11. Principles

John v. 14. 135
XIII. Consequences
XIV. End propoled

138 XI. Alanuer

Rom. viii. 37. 139

Acis i. 1. 140 XVL Comparison of some fubjccts with other subjects:

vii. 92. 140 X111. Difference

Rom. xiv. 3. 141 XVIII, Contrast

113 XLX. Ground




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