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labour; so it is with respect to the points which we have | been considering. Or, if we may be permitted a little to vary
this illustration, the one fort of truths are as food proper to be administered to all; whereas the other are rather as cordials for the support and comfort of those who need them.
In a word, there seems to be a perfect correspondence between God's works of providence and grace: in the former," he worketh all things according to the counfel of his own will,” yet leaves inen perfectly free agents in all that they do; so in the latter, he accomplithes his own eternal purpose both in calling, and in keep:us, bis elcet; but yet he never puts upon them any contraint, which is not perfectly compatible with the frecit operations of their own will,
The Author well knows that these doctrines may be, and alas! too often are, so ftated as to be really contradictory. But that they may be su fiated as to be protitable to the souls of men, he hopes is clear froin the illus. trations that have been juft given'.
He trufts he shall be pardoned if he go yet further, and say, that, in his judgment, there not only is no positive contradiction in this fiatement, but that there is a propriety in it, yea, moreover, a necessity for it, because there is a subserviency in these truths, the one to the other. God elects us; but he carries his purpose into effect by the free agency of man, which is altogether influenced by rational confiderations. So also he carries on and come pletes his work in our souls, by causing us to feel our prone ness to apoftatize, and, by making us cry to him daily for the more effectual influences of his grace. Thus, while he consults his own glory, he promotes our greatest
• Many have carried their attachment to system fo far, that they could not endure to preach upon any place of fcripture that seemed to oppose their favourite sentiments; or, if they did, their wbole endeavour has been to inake the text fpeak a difierent lanjuage from that which it appeared to do. In oppolition to all luch nodes of pro- ! erdure, it is the Author's wish in this preface to recommend a cone formity to the feriptures themselves without any folicitude about ftens of mar's invention. Nor would any thing under heaven be Ilute grateful to him than to see names and parties buried in eteinul olision, and primitive finplicity relored to the church.
good, in that he teaches us to combine humility with earnestness, and vigiance with composure.
The Author would not have troubled the Reader with this apology, were it not that he is exceedingly desirous to counteruct that fnirit of animosity, which has of late so greatly prevailed against those who adhere to the principles of the establifhed church. Not that he has bifelf any cause to complain: on the contrary, he has realon to acknowledge, that his former volume met with a far more favourable reception from the Public than he ever dared to expeétBut he would with leis work to be brought to this teit-Does it uniformly tend
TO HUJIBLE THE SINNER?
TO EXALT THE SAVIOUR?
TO PROMOTE HOLIXESS?
If in one single instance it lose fight of any of these points, let it be condemned without mercy". But, if it invariably pursue there ends, then let not'any, whatever fyftem they embrace, quarrel with an expression that does not quite accord with their views. Let them contider the general scope and tendency of the book : and, if it be as he trutts it is, not to strengthen a party in the Church, but to promote the good of the shole; then let smaller differences of sentiment he overlooked, and a'l urite in vindicating the great doctrines of SALVATION BY GRACE THROUGH FAITH IN CHRIST.
'< See Brit. Critic for April 1797.
u By this ex; 'retlion the Author means, that such is his abhorrence of every principle which militates açant any one of the points referred to, that he conceives it almost imposible that t word should fall from his ren, which, if candidiy interpreted, can be juttly faid to colle tradict them.
ALTERATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS.
CHAP. I. ON THE CHOICE OF TEXTS.
EXAMPLES. PAGI, Parts of a Sermon five
27 Each text must contain the complete sense of the writer 2 Cor. i. 3, 4./ 28 must not contain too little matter nor too much
28 The eni of preaching
28 Whether proteftants should preach on Rom th festivals
29 What subjects are proper for storted days of public worthip
SO What for occafional, as ordinations, &c.
CHAP. II.-GENERAL RULES OF SERMONS. Sermons should be explicit and clear
31 muft give the entire sense of the text
31 muft be wise, fober, chake
SS 33 54
Sermons must be simple and grave
instructive and offećting Whether a preacher should apply as he goes on Preacher should avoid ercejs
CHAP. III. OF CONNEXION.
muti feldom be enlarged on
CHAP. IV._OF DIVISION. A text Mould not be divided into many parts
S9 Two forts of division
39 Divilion of the Sermon is proper in general for obscure subjects as for prophecies
Gen. jji. 15. 40 for texts taken from disjutes
Rom, iii. 28. 40 for conclusims of long di.courses
Rom.v.1. viii.1. 40
Heb. i. 5, 6. for quoted texts
ii. 6. 41
iii. 7. 41
Dan. ix. 7. 41 for texts treated of in different vitws
lleb, jii. 7,8. 42 Division of the text after the order of the words
Eph. i. 3. 42
Heb. X. 10.
2 Tim. ii. 10.
Phil. ii. 13.
John xv. 5. 46
vi. 47, 56. 46
Rom. viii. 1. 46 Sometimes the connexion of subject and attribute must make | 2 Cor. v. 17. 47 a difunct part
John vi. 47. 47 How to divide when texts need much explaining
Acis ii. 27. 47 Discution of terms Syncategorematica
John iii. 16.
47 How to divide iexts of reasoning
Rom. iv, 1.
48 of objection and answer
Rom. vi. 1, 2.
50 Division of difficult texis
John iv. 10. 50 of texts which imply something,
Ifai. lv. 6. 51 of texts of history
52 Division must be expreśled simply for the sake of being ?
52 relhembered muli be connected together
53 CHAP. V.-OF TEXTS TO BE DISCUSSED BY WAY 07 EXPLICATION. Preacher nust understand the sense of the text
54 comprehend the who subject together, and
perceive the parts of which it confitts have a general idea of theology
54 ftudy the nature of his text
54 Two general ways of discusing & text; explication and
EXAMPLES. Pace. Rales to determine the choice
55 Dificult pallages nanti be treated of by way of eaplication
55 Dificulties arise from words or things
55 Hor lu explain dimonlt words
56 Dificult and important subjects must be explained
56 Controverted texts, how to explain
John avi. 12. 57 Different ways of explaining dipated texts
57 How to explain an intricate subject
John i. 17. 58 How to explain texts not difficult but important
2 Cor. iv. 7. 67 Explications with and without proof
77 Proofs of fuct
Phil. ii. 6. 78 right
Phil. ii. 14, 15. 78
Phil. ii. 6--8. 78 both fact and right
Heb. xii. 6. 78
Phil, ii. 13. 79 Explications of texts which have many parts
Ifui, ix. 6. 81 Explication of simple terms
ilim i, 5. 82 of imple terms by comparifon
Luke ii. 8---11. 91 of piirases peculiar to Scripture
Mark viii. 31. 96
John iii. 16. 100 of terms Syncategorematica
Rom. viii, 1.
100 sometimes not to be explained How to explain and illufirate a propofition
Eph. i. 18. 102 Explication of propofitions which contain divers truths Epi. i. 18.
105 S Pial lxix. 21.
108 considerable in divers views
COXIX 2. 108 wilich have different degrees of accomplih-s Exod. 1.1.,7, 8. 108
Hebii13. 109 ment
Psal. xxxvii. S. 100 L considerable propofitions
Prov. xv. 3. 109 CHAP. VI.--OP TEXTS TO BE DISCUSSED BY WAY OF OBSERVATION. Some texts must be discussed by way of obfervation
110 as clear texts
110 historical texts
John xii. 1, 2. 110 Sorne texts require both erplication and observation
Acts i. 10 110 How to arrange the difcuflion of passages of this kind
111 Observation fonetimes includes explication
Acts ii. 1. Observations should generally be theorgical
112 But in some cases they may be taken from other topics
11% Obfervation should neither be pedantic
112 nor vulgar
113 As I. Genus
Plal. 1. 14. 114 II. Species
Pfal. cxxiii. 2., 114 * III. Character of a virtue or a vice
2 Thes, iii. 5. 115 IV. Relation
127 V. Implication
Rom, xii, 17.
129 VI. Persons speaking or acting
Rom. xii. 17. 131 VII. State
1 Thes. v. 16. 132 VIII. Time
1 Tim. ii. 1. IX. Place
Phil ini. 13,14. 133 X. Perfons addrefred
Rom. xii, 17. 134 XI. Particular state of perfons addrefied
Rom. xii. 17.
135 11. Principles
John v. 14. 135
138 XI. Alanuer
Rom. viii. 37. 139
Acis i. 1. 140 XVL Comparison of some fubjccts with other subjects:
vii. 92. 140 X111. Difference
Rom. xiv. 3. 141 XVIII, Contrast
113 XLX. Ground