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PRE FACE.

Tuis History having already been honoured with the public approbation, an improved edition of is offered, in the hope that it will meet with an equally favourable reception.

The object of the Work is to exhibit a topographic and economic view of Scarborough and it's Environs, and to rescue from obscurity the remains of information relative to it's Antiquities.

The Author is sensible of the disadvantages attending the subject, from the nature and paucity of the materials, and from the difficulty of general connexion, necessarily involved in recording the particulars of a detached and interrupted detail.

He has to express his acknowledgements to his friends for their several communications, rendered still more gratifying by the politeness and affa

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bility with which they were accompanied. To Dr. BELCOMBE he is indebted for his copious and valuable account of the Mineral Waters, his strictures on Sea-bathing, the Climate, and Diseases incident thereto; to Mr. WILLIAM TRAVIS, Surgeon, for the account of Natural Productions, and for various original documents relative to the Ancient History ; to the Rev. FRANCIS WRANGHAM for many interesting favours; and to the Rev. DANIEL LYSONS, Author of the Environs of London,' for his laborious researches in the Tower, and the British Museum.

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Pages

SECTION II. Robin Hood's Town,--Whitby,-Singular

Curiosities,—Whitby-Abbey,–Mulgrave-Castle 284-315

Section III. Hackness,- East and West Ayton,-Sea-

mer,--Hutton-Bushell,--Wykeham--Ganton,
Brompton,-Ebberston,-Pickering, it's Castle and
Forest,-- Yedingham - Bridge, --Scampston,-- Mal-
ton,-- Kirkham-Priory,-Castle - Howard, Dun-

combe-Park, --Rivalx-Abbey and Terrace,- Helms-

ley,–Kirkdale-Church,--Sheriff-Hutton ....

............. 316-409

THE

HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES

OF

SCARBOROUGH, &c.

SECTION FIRST.

INQUIRY INTO THE ORIGIN OF SCARBOROUGH

INVASION OF THE ROMANS, &c.

THE

He history of ancient times is enveloped so much in shade, that it is difficult to trace with precision the remoteorigin of places; and, in the elucidation of subjects of this nature, the mind is too frequently led astray by the delusive excursions of fancy.

There is no authentic account in history of the foundation of Scarborough, though it may reasonably be presumed that it had as early an origin as most of the places bordering on the German ocean; and arguments may be adduced, to show the probability, if not the certainty, of it's having formerly been an establishment of the Romans, and afterward of the Saxons.

The state of Britain, previously to the invasion of the Romans, is very imperfectly understood. The discordant opinions of historians, respecting its original settlement, have a tendency rather to obscure, than enlighten the

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