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will not do it, then you ought rather to leave us and join some other church doing its duty in those particulars, but by no means to complain of should we withdraw our fellowship from you, since, on your own showing, you ought not to continue with us. We conclude, then, that on any reasonable, common sense view of the premises, which either you or we can take, you are censurable for uniting with any one of these societies so long as you profess our faith and regard the church of Jesus Christ as both a religious and moral institution. But you are cen
ensurable, in the second place, for continuing with us, and yet uniting with any of these institutiuns; because you are, in so doing, rendering it more difficult for us to honor our profession by that variety of doing good to which you profess now to have devoted yourself in joining such society. Instead of putting it in the church's power to do that good, you weaken her power just so much as you give of your time, your means, or your favor to these institutions. Every shilling you give to a Temperance Society, as such, you, as a professed Christian, abstract from the church: for if you had done all that you could for the church, you could not have had that shilling to give to a human and worldly institution, a rival, too, of the church in that particular form or variety of doing good. Also, every hour you spend of your fifty-two evenings per annum, in said society, in the communion of such spirits as frequent them, you not only give that time away forever from your Christian and church duties, but you disqualify yourself for your own communion by holding communion with those whose communion is in opposition to that of Jesus Christ. This being a still more serious objection to your position as Christians, I will make it the subject of a separate essay.-Meantime, I will hear from any of the Sons of Temperance any apology for himself not offered in this essay on the particular subject of which it treats.
SCHOLARSHIPS. We have received many inquiries lately concerning our scholarship scheme; some of them asking for explanations; and others, how fier we have progressed in the proposed sales. As it is contemplated to make some more efficient arrangements for prosecuting this benevolent seheme than any heretofore adopted, we have concluded to call the subject, once more, formally to the notice of our friends by a re-statement of the principal features of the plan, and a further view of its claims upon the benevolent portion of the public.
The plan itself oray be best seen in a copy of “the rigl.t of scholarship, which we accordingly present.
To all whom it may concern: This is to certify, That A. B., of having subscribed and paid to the order of the Treasurer of Bethany College, the sum of Fifty Dollars, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, is entitled to one scholarship in Bethany College, during his (or her) natural life, until his (or her) youngest son shall have attained the age of twenty
The scholar is to be either himself or any one of his (or her) children successively, until his (or her) youngest sou shall have attained the age of majority.
And in case of having no son, he (or she) may select any one, who shall, on his (or her) commendation, be entitled to a full course of instruction in said College during the terın of fifteen years; or he (or she) may assign such right, and the assignee shall have the privilege to send successively one scholar during the remainder of said fifteen years. And if such person so entitled to a scholarship, shall afterwards have a child or children, he (or she) shall have the same rights to which they should have been entiiled had they not as yet sent any one under his or her right of scholarship.
It was also enacted by the said Board of Trustees, that it sha!l be specified in every case of subscription, that the right to said scholarship shalt depend on the contingency of obtaining the definite number of 2,500 scholarships; and in the failure to secure that number, or the actual sum of one hundred thousand dollars actually paid in, clear of all expenses of agencies, the scheme proposed shall not be carried out. Every one, on subscribing, shall pay to the agent the sum of two dol'ars, as securing said right when 2500 subscribers have been obtained. So soon as 2500 rights are sold, the sales shall coase
Such is a brief outline of the scheme by which the Trustees of Bethany College propose, at once, to endow the Institution and confer a great public benefit upon the community. The surn thus proposed to be raised is to be invested in some way, so as to be entirely secure, and the interest only to be used in the support of Professors.
In order that some questions which have been asked us. may be answered, it may not be amiss: to recapitulate in another form the provisions of of this scheine.
First, then, no scholars can be sent, under this scheme, till twenty-five hundred rights have been not only sold, but puilor; or till the sum of one hundred thousand dollars, clear of the expenses of collection, has been actually paid into the hands of the Treasurer. So soon as this is done, all who have subscribed and paid can send.
Second Every owner of a right shall be privileged to send during his (or her) natural life; or till his youngest son is 21 years old, even should this not be till after his death.
Third. Every owner of a scholarship may attend College himself, provided he do not send another.
Fourth. Every owner of a right, who has no son, may send any one else le may choose, for and during the period of fifteen years from the commencement of his right.
Fifth. Every owner of a right, who has no. 801), and does not elect a student himself, may assign his right to another, who shall have privilege either to come himself or send any one he may elect, till the right expires—that is fifteen years from its commencement. SERIES III.-Vol. V.
Sixth. Every owner of a right, who shall have no child at the time of subscribing, but shall afterwards have a child or children, shall be entitled to the same privileges as though he had had children at the time of subscribing;. and this, notwithstanding hve may, in the interim, have sent some one else under his right.
Seventh. Only one person can attend College at the same time, upon the same right—that is, no one, owning but one scholarship, can come himself and send another; or send two sons, or more than one student at the same time.
When this scheme was first proposed, it was supposed to be impracticable to allow it to go into practical operation til one year after the requisite number of rights should have been paid for, in order that a year's interest might have first accumulated; but at the last annual meeting of the Board of Trustees 't was ordere that so soon as the number specified should have been sold and paid for, then the owners of rights should be authorized to sand, without waiting till a year's interest should be collected.
The object of this methoð of sustaining the various Professorships of Bethany College has, perhaps, been misunderstood from the fact that it is called a scheme for endowing the institution. Persons scem 10 think that in taking scholarships they are conferring a donation upon the College os the Faculty. This is, in some measure, a mistake. It is true, that should our scheme succeed, the amount secured to the Faculty, so far as it may go, will not be so uncertain or liable to the fluctuations of popular patronage; yet it will, after all, be nothing more than a fair payment of a just claim for services rendered. It is no donation or present to the Faculty, but only un equitable remuneration for their labors. The only advantage, in a pecuniary sense, they can gain, is to be relieved from the uncertain fluctuations always attending the supply of students to any College. It is, then, 110 special endowment of the Faculty. Still we call it an endowment, be. cause it is a great gift to the public generally and every man who buys a scholarship in particular:-To the public generally, because in this way the College can extend the blessings of education, almost gratis, to thousands who otherwise could never enjoy them, by reducing the charges for tuition even to those wiio have no right, to a mere trifle; and to every owner of a scholarship, by putting it into his or her power to secure, for fisty dollars, the right to an amount of collegiate education that would, under the present system, cost liim from seven hundred and fifty to fifteen hundred dollars.
This fict presents this plan most favorably to two classes of persons, who perhaps compose the larger portion of the entire community. We mean selfish parents or students and benevolent men and women who may be childless. Every man or woman who either has or expects to have a son or sons to educate, is appealed to upon the principle of his own self-interest. We would not have any such think that they are conferring a favor upon others only, but mainly upon themselves, because in taking a scholarship they are only making a most economical and judicious arrangement for the education of those whom, under Providence, they are solemnly bound
to furnish with this blessing. This consideration must urge itself upon the attention of all those who are provident for the future; and with them, for the present, we leave it.
As to the other class—the benevolent portion of the community, who are sensible of the advantages of an education, and at the same time alive to their obligations to do good to others, according as the Lord may have favored them with the means we feel assured that they cannot fail to discover in this scheme a ready opportunity for securing a lasting source of the widest usefulness We have young men, now students of Bethany College, whose promise for usefulness in the vineyard of the Lord is such, as to warrant us in saying, that should their lives be spared, the benevolence of those who are sustaining them here only for a few years of their collegiate course, will redound more to the honor of God and the good of man than the investment of thousands-yea, than tens of thousands, in the erection of fine churches, spired steeples, and cushioned pews, or even the casual and often injudicious support of unqualified and inefficient evangelists—who sometimes unfortunately do more harm than good. We put it past the power of computation to say what will be the value of such men as some we are now preparing for the service of the church. The cry is every where heard, “Send us Evangelists!' and yet no efforts are being made to qualify the pious and gifted among us for this essential service! Do we believe that without human instrumentality God will raise up such now as he did in the days of miracles? Are we waiting, as the disciples at Jerusalem, to be endued with power from on high? Surely we cannot be unmindful that this day is gone by, and that now God expects and requires of his people to manage as stewards for his honor, the manifold riches he has placed into their hands. Let us not labor for the things that perish, nor expend our substance upon thut which will soon grow old and pass away; but rather let us strive for the undying influences of mind stored with the treasli res of truth, and scatter our treasure upon the broad bosom of a moral universe where they may profit for eternity.
BETHANY COLLEGE. Tulis College is yearly rising in its usefulness and popularity. It only. wants endowment to make it abundantly usiful. Were the scholarship. plan carried out, still there is a way of making it more and more useful.But we know not yet what may be its fortune. One thing, however, we desire to keep before the minds of those who are stewards of this world's goods, and who have few or no natural heirs to inherit them, in making benevolent deposites of a portion of their goods lent them from the Lord. If the training of young men, without means, for high stations of usefulness in the church of God be not a good work, how, then, we ask, was it a proof of divine grace vouchsafed the church when gists of apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers were vouchsafed it by the Messiali
on his ascension to heaven! Let, then, our more wealthy stewards of Go:l's brunties lay up some treasure where ne ther voracious heirs at law, mor moths, nor thieves can plunder aad consume. And when dead, let them speak through mouths that they bave opened, and by tongues which they have loosed, all the words of eternal life.
LETTERS OF CHRISTIAN SYMPATHY AND CONDOLENCE.
Since the middle of September last til now, we have received large files of letters from brethren in England, Scotland, Ireland, British America, and from all parts of the United States, in the most acceptable terms of Christian sympathy and condolence. Churches as well as individuals, in both Europe and America, havé abounded in expressions of unfeigned sympathy with me in all my. labors, persecutions, and affi-ictions for the truth's sake. These, though to me, indeed, means not merely of alleviation, but of real consolation, for which I hope ever to be grateful and thankful to the Lord and to the brethren, I could not possibly acknowledge in most instances. I have, therefore, thought it due to the brethren that a public acknowle:]gment of them should be made; but this again might be misconstrued, and so I have vascillated between what inclination prompted and prudence suggested. I have, therefore, published but one or two of a more public character, and have resolved to publish another from the Far West, signed by a brother with whom I have had an intimate acquaintance for not less than the time which he mentions. But I make this but the occasion of a public acknowledgment of very many such favors received—and of not merely expressing my gratitude to the brethren for their kindness thus conferred upon me, but also of assuring them that such sympathy on their part has greatly strengthened and refreshed my spirit, and has encouraged me to be still more zealous in the maintenance of every item of divine truth, at all risks and hazards; and has also made me feel more weighty than ever the obligations I owe to them and to the Lord to maintain a character as well as a conscience free froin reproach—"voiof offence both towards God and man.” Will all the brethren accept from me my sincere thanks for these pledges of their esteem and affection, with my most unfeigned desires for their individual perfection and happiness?
PALMYRA, Mo., April 5, 181€. BROTHER ALEXANDER CAMPBELL:
Dear Sir~It is with pleasure that we have understood from brother Arny, that you contemplate visiting the Western States again the approach ing autumn.* The object of this communication, therefore, is to invite
* Very importunate demands from Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas, &c., for a visit from me, make it rather doubtful whether I could possibly, this present year, cee Missouri. The claims from the South and South-West have this peculiar consideration, that I have only once visited any portion of their territory, and that many years since. A. C.