Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 15 avr. 2015 - 246 pages
The argument structure of verbs, defined as the part of grammar that deals with how participants in verbal events are expressed in clauses, is a classical topic in linguistics that has received considerable attention in the literature. This book investigates argument structure in English from a usage-based perspective, taking the view that the cognitive representation of grammar is shaped by language use, and that crucial aspects of grammatical organization are tied to the frequency with which words and syntactic constructions are used. On the basis of several case studies combining quantitative corpus studies and psycholinguistic experiments, it is shown how a usage-based approach sheds new light on a number of issues in argument realization and offers frequency-based explanations for its organizing principles at three levels of generality: verbs, constructions, and argument structure alternations.
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Chapter 3 Empirical evidence for usagebased valency
Part II Constructions
Chapter 4 The usage basis of constructional meaning
Chapter 5 The importance of local generalizations
Part III Alternations
Chapter 6 Alternations as units of linguistic knowledge
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abstract agent allostructions argued argument realization argument structure constructions biases Bybee caused-motion construction chapter clause cognitive accessibility collexeme analysis collostruction strength collostructional analysis conative construction construal constructeme construction grammar constructional approaches constructional meaning context Conwell corpus corresponding dative alternation dative verbs describe direct object ditransitive construction effect English euros event evidence example experiment Frame Semantics FrameNet Goldberg Gries Hence instance instantiations kick Langacker language lexeme lexical entries linguistic locative alternation novel verb participant roles particular patient physical transfer polysemy predictions preposition presented refers relevant schema Section sell semantic classes semantic compatibility semantic contribution semantic frame sentence speakers Stefanowitsch subjects syntactic Table theme tion to-dative construction transitive variant type frequency usage valency patterns verb classes verb meanings verb senses verb-class-specific constructions verbs occurring verbs of communication verbs of ingestion verbs of physical verbs of pulling with-applicative WordNet words