Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives

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John Benjamins Publishing Company, 15 avr. 2015 - 246 pages
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The argument structure of verbs, defined as the part of grammar that deals with how participants in verbal events are expressed in clauses, is a classical topic in linguistics that has received considerable attention in the literature. This book investigates argument structure in English from a usage-based perspective, taking the view that the cognitive representation of grammar is shaped by language use, and that crucial aspects of grammatical organization are tied to the frequency with which words and syntactic constructions are used. On the basis of several case studies combining quantitative corpus studies and psycholinguistic experiments, it is shown how a usage-based approach sheds new light on a number of issues in argument realization and offers frequency-based explanations for its organizing principles at three levels of generality: verbs, constructions, and argument structure alternations.
 

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Table des matières

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Part I Verbs
13
Chapter 2 Usagebased perspectives on verb valency
15
Chapter 3 Empirical evidence for usagebased valency
45
Part II Constructions
77
Chapter 4 The usage basis of constructional meaning
79
Chapter 5 The importance of local generalizations
105
Part III Alternations
143
Chapter 7 The usage basis of alternation based productivity
175
Conclusion
209
Chapter 8 Summary and evaluation
211
References
219
Stimuli used in the productivity experiment Chapter 7
235
Constructions index
239
Name index
241
Subject index
245

Chapter 6 Alternations as units of linguistic knowledge
145

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