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prolonged." Decree of the fenate, granting liberty to the Macedonians and Illyrians. Paulus Æmilius, during the winter-quarters, visits the most celebrated cities of Greece. Upon his return to Amphipolis, he gives a great feat. He marches for Rome. · On his

On his way he suffers his army to plunder all the cities of Epirus. He enters Rome in triumph. Death of Perseus. Cn. Octavius and L. Anicius have also the honour of a triumph decreed them,

51

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ARTICLE. II.
Sect. I. Attalus comes to Rome to congratulate the
Romans

upon

their success in Macedonia. The deputies of the Rhodians present themselves before the senate, and endeavour to appease their wrath. After long and warm solicitations, they prevail to be admitted into the alliance of the Roman people. Severity exercised against the Ætolians. All of them in general, who had favoured Perseus, are cited to Rome, to answer for their conduct. A thoufand Achæans carried thither: Polybius, one of the number. The senate banishes them into several towns of Italy. After seventeen years of banishment, they are sent back into their own country, when only three hundred of them remained,

100, IOI SECT. II. Mean flatteries of Prufas, King of Bithy

nia, in the fenate. Eumenes, become suspected by the Romans, is not suffered to enter Rome. Ariarathes, King of Cappadocia, dies, and is fucceeded by his son of the same name. Death of Eumenes. Actalus his brother succeeds him as guardian to his son then very young.

War between Attalus and Prufias. The latter having formed the design of putting his son Nicomedes to death, is killed by him. Embassy of three celebrated Athenian philofophers to Rome. Another from the peo

ple

118

ple of Marseilles. Digreffion upon the city of Mar

seilles, Sect. III. Andriscus, who gave himself out for the

son of Perseus, makes himself master of Macedo. nia, and causes himself to be proclaimed king. The prætor Juventius attacks him, and is killed in the battle with part of his army. Metellus, who succeeds him, retrieves that loss. The usurper is overthrown, taken, and sent to Rome. A second and third usurper are also defeated,

135 SECT. IV. Troubles in Achaia; which declares war

against the Lacedæmonians. Metellus fends deputies to Corinth to appease those troubles; they are ill used and insulted. Metellus, after having exborted them ineffectually to peace, gives them battle, and defears them. The consul Mummius fucceeds him; and after having gained a battle, takes Corinth, fets it on fire, and entirely demolishes it. Greece is reduced into a Roman province. Various actions and death of Polybius. Triumphs of Metellus and Mummius,

139 SECT. V. Reflections upon the causes of the grandeur, declension, and ruin of Greece,

154 The first and second ages of Greece, ibid. The third age of Greece,

156 The fourth age of Greece,

159

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Sect. I. A chronological abridgement of the history

of the kings of Egypt and Syria, as mentioned in the third article,

164, 166 Sect. II. Antiochus Eupator, aged nineteen, fuc

ceeds his father Antiochus Epiphanes in the kingdom of Syria. Demetrius, who had been long an hostage at Rome, demands in vain to return to Syria. Celebrated victories of Judas Maccabæus against the generals of the king of Syria, and the king himself in person. Long differences between

the

the two Ptolemies, brothers and kings of Egypt,

terminated at length by an happy peace, 176

Sect. III. Octavius, ambaffador of the Romans in

Syria, is killed there. Demetrius escapes from

Rome, puts Eupator to death, ascends the throne

of Syria, and affumes the name of Soter. He makes

war against the Jews. Repeated victories of Judas

Maccabæus: death of that great man.

Demetrius

is acknowledged king by the Romans. He aban-

dons himself to drunkenness and debauchery. A-

lexander Bala forms a conspiracy against him. De-

metrius is killed in a battle. Alexander espouses

the daughter of Ptolemy Philometor. Temple built

by the Jews in Egypt. Demetrius, son of the first

of that name, sets up his claim to the throne of Sy-

ria. Alexander is destroyed. Ptolemy Philometor

dies at the same time,

Sect. IV. Physcon espouses Cleopatra, and ascends

the throne of Egypt. Demetrius in Syria aban-

dons himíelf to all manner of exceffcs. Diodorus, ,

firnamed Tryphon, causes Antiochus, the fon of

Alexander Bala, to be proclaimed King of Sy-

ria; then kills him, and takes his place. He reizes

Jonathan by treachery, and puts him to death. De-

metrius undertakes an expedition against the Par-

thians, who take him prisoner. Cleopatra his wife

espouses Antiochus Sidetes, brother of Demetrius,

and places him upon the tbrone of Syria. Physcon's

exceflive follies and debauches. Attalus Philome-

tor succeeds Attalus his uncle, whom he causes to

be regretted by his vices. He dies himself, after

having reigned five years, and by his will leaves

the Roman people heirs to his dominions. Ari-

ftonicus seizes them. He is overthrown, led in tri-

umph, and put to death.

Sect: V. Antiochus Sidetes besieges John Hyrcanus

in Jerusalem. That city surrenders by capitulation.

He makes war against the Parthians, and perishes

in it. Phraates, King of the Parthians, defeated in

his

his return by the Scythians. Physcon commits most horrible cruelties in Egypt. A general revolt obliges him to quit it. Cleopatra, his first wife, is replaced upon the throne. She implores aid of Demetrius, and is foon reduced to leave Egypt. Physcon returns thither, and reafcends the throne. By his means Zebina dethrones Demetrius, who is foon after killed. The kingdom is divided between Cleopatra the wife of Demetrius, and Zebina. Antiochus Grypus ascends the throne of Syria. The famous Mithridates begins to reign in Pontus. Physcon's death,

225 SECT. VI. Ptolemy Lathyrus succeeds Physcon. War

between Grypus and his brother Antiochus of Cyzicum for thc kingdom of Syria. Hyrcanus fortifies himself in Judæa. His death. Ariftobulus fucceeds him, and aflumes the title of King. He is succeeded by Alexander Jannæus. Cleopatra drives Lathyrus out of Egypt, and places Alexander his youngest brother on the throne in his stead. War between that princess and her sons. Death of Grypus. Ptolemy Apion leaves the kingdom of Cyrenaica to the Romans. Continuation of the wars in Syria and Egypt. The Syrians chuse Tigranes King. - Lathyrus is re-established upon the throne of Egypt. He dies. Alexander his nephew succeeds him. Nicomedes, king of Bithynia, makes the Roman people his heirs,

240 SECT. VII. Selena, Gister of Lathyrus, conceives hopes

of the crown of Egypt. She sends two of her fons to Rome for that purpose. The eldest, called Antiochus, on his return goes to Sicily. Verres, prætor of that island, takes from him a golden (conce, designed for the capitol. Antiochus, firnamed Aiaticus, after having reigned four years over part of Syria, is dispossessed of his dominions by Pompey, who reduces Syria into a province of the Roman empire. Troubles in Judæa and Egypt. The Alexandrians expel Alexander their king, and set

Ptolemy

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