Welfare Regimes and the Experience of Unemployment in Europe
The is the first major study to examine the implications of different welfare regimes for the experience of unemployment in Europe. It addresses three central questions. How far do such regimes protect unemployed people from poverty and financial hardship? Do they reduce or accentuate the tendencies for progressive marginalization from employment that may arise from motivational change, skill loss or the growth of discriminatory barriers? Finally, to what extent do they affect the social integration of unemployed people, in particular with respect to their social networks and psychological well-being? The book is based on a major cross-cultural research programme funded by the European Union. In addition to systematic comparison of national data, it uses a new important data source - the European Community Household Panel - which provides directly comparable information for most of the EU countries. The study shows that institutional and cultural differences have vital implications for the experience of unemployment. While welfare policies affect in an important way the pervasiveness of poverty, it is above all the patterns of family structure and the culture of sociability in a society that affect vulnerability to social isolation. The book concludes by developing a new perspective for understanding the risk of social exclusion.
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50 per cent analysis attitudes average Belgium Britain cash transfers Chapter childcare coefficient Community Household Panel compared coverage Danish Denmark dependent duration ECHP economic effect employed employees employment commitment employment deprivation employment-centred Eurobarometer European Community Household European countries Eurostat experience of unemployment financial hardship flexibility France gender Germany Greece high level higher impact of unemployment important income poverty increase individual Ireland Italian Italy job search job seekers labour market less liberal/minimal living logistic regression lone mothers long-term unemployed lower male married measure ment months Netherlands OECD overall parents pattern person ployed ployment policies population Portugal position poverty line poverty rates pre-transfer proportion protection ratios relatively replacement rates role sample significant skill social capital societies Source Spain spouses sub-protective Survey Sweden Table tion unem unemployed women unemployment benefits unemployment rate universalistic variables variation West Germany workers young
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